1. With the rapid development of human economy and science and technology, the wave of globalization, especially the economic globalization has swept across all countries. It has aroused growing concerns on the great impact of globalization on the environment protection. The causes of the deterioration of global environmental problems mainly lie in the destruction and imbalance of various components of the ecosystem. 2.
First, due to the blindness and utilitarian nature of the market, mankind’s infinite exploitation and utilization of natural resources in the entire ecosystem in which mankind and the environment coexist has greatly exceeded the rate of resource regeneration and natural purification of pollutants, and resulting in the exhaustion of natural resources and the degradation of human living environment. 3. Second, economic globalization has intensified the polarization between rich and poor. In deteriorating living conditions, the poor have lost some of their environmental rights. 4. Third, in the context of the nation-state, all countries, especially the developing countries that are vulnerable to externalization and marginalization, lose some of the sovereignty, including environmental pollution control under certain circumstances.
For example, in order to attract foreign investment, developing countries have to bear the consequences of the transfer of environmental pollution from developed countries in the form of foreign direct investment (FDI). As projected by the OECD, “Nearly 70% of the world’s population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050, exacerbating challenges such as air pollution, transport congestion, and waste management” …” Continued degradation and erosion of natural environmental capital is expected to 2050, with the risk of irreversible changes that could endanger two centuries of rising living standards”