1. of bone and muscles, changes in height and


is a practical system of self-culture. Yoga is a science. Yoga brings
harmonious development of body, mind and soul. Through yoga a person can
concentrate his mind within. The aim of yoga is to control our mind and to make
some modification .Yoga co-ordinate between our body and external force.  Yoga can help a person in his day to day life
journey. By the practice of yoga a person becomes calm all the time. The
practice of Yoga will help to control the emotions
and passions and will give power to resist temptations and to remove the
disturbing elements form mind. Yoga literally, means “Integration”. It aims at
harmonizing the physical, mental, social and spiritual aspects of human beings,
with a view to fully tap the higher states of consciousness for human

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     In Patanjali
Yoga is defined as  “the blocking (nirodha)
of mental modifications (chitta vritti) identifies with the (higher)

Hatha Yoga defines yoga as the union of the upward
force (prana) and the downward force (apana) at the navel center
(manipura chakra).

meaning of yoga in

yoga is the union of the mental current (ida) and the pranic current
(pin gala) in the third eye (ajna chakra) or at the base chakra (muladhara

Yoga defines yoga as citta-vrtti-nirodhah (the cessation
of the perturbations of the mind). The aim is to still the mind in order to
reach Kaivalya, the “isolation” of purusha (the motionless
consciousness “essence”) from prakriti (the primal matter from which
everything is made, including mind and emotions)(Edwin,2009).

    In Jainism
Yoga is taken in terms of Meditation and it aims at realizing the self,
attaining salvation, taking the soul to complete freedom.

   In Buddhism,
Yoga encompasses a variety of meditation techniques aimed to develop
mindfulness, concentration, supramundane powers, tranquility, and insight.




development is a process which starts in the infancy stage and continues into
late adolescence. It involves control over the body basically in terms of
muscles and physical coordination. Physical development contributes to a
person’s health and well being. Youth is the stage when physical aspects
develops rapidly in terms of changes in size of bone and muscles, changes in
height and weight, sexual development etc. A person becomes physically strong
through exercise, playing, taking nutritious food. Yoga is a best method for
physical development.


Different asanas has important role in bringing
physical development of a person. Asanas such as Matsyendrasana (spinal twist pose) has a good effect
on the digestive system and on the pancreas. It improves the insulin
production. Carry out of Vajrasana by a person removes complaints
regarding digestive system . Ashwini Mudra has an effect on on the empty space of the
stomach. Halasana (plough pose) improves the back muscles, leg muscles
and abdominal muscles. It also improves the functioning of thyroid, parathyroid
and pituitary glands. Asanas like Akarna Dhanurasana, Makarasana, Veerasana,
Ardhamatsyen drasana has a good effect in physical development of a person.
So, we can say that through yoga a youth become strong physically.


1.2   Mental

Mental development refers to how a person perceives
thinks and understand his or her surroundings by interaction with one’s
physical and social environment. Basically it is the construction of mind
activity such as memory, problem solving ability, decision making, imagination
power, power of reasoning etc. According to Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget,
mental development starts in the sensori-motor stage (from birth to about two
years). In this stage they can understand, to an extent the permanence of
objects, performs certain classes of behavior like looking, reaching, sucking
and grasping. If a child’s mental development is not proper then he may face
many problems in his day to day life journey. It can cause problems such as
autism, and other learning difficulties.


Yoga is the method through which we can enrich our
mental abilities, develops problem solving ability, develops reasoning ability
etc. By the practice of yoga a youth may experience relaxation, allows for
greater mind control or control over the thoughts. Practice of yoga can
increase mental clarity, improves concentration and focus, expands imagination
and creativity, reduces symptoms of anxiety and depression, increase mental
strength or will power.


Different asanas also play a
vital role in developing mental capacities of a youth. Asanas like Sharanagata Mudra, prepares the
Sadhaka mentally for the desired submission to the Almighty God. By the
practice of Padmasana /Swastikasana, one can achieve concentration of mind.


1.3   Spiritual

Spiritual may refer as any kind of meaningful activity, especially a
“search for the sacred.” It may also refer to personal
growth, blissful experience, or an encounter with one’s own
“inner self.” Spiritual development is the process of
becoming fit for a higher level in the spirit world. It
means the discovery and integration of our
essential presence in our experience of ourselves.

Most of the
people think Yoga for its physical benefits, as it should be; however, yoga is
not just a form of physical development, but also spiritual development. The
yoga definition of spirituality is the process of coming to a state of full
self-actualization, or awareness, by working toward higher levels of
consciousness through self-discovery.  Yoga develops a sense of connection
to something greater than ourselves (Nature, the universe, one’s God or gods,
or some other expression of the divine). It creates a sense of being more
in-tune with one’s inner consciousness.