3.4 ProceduresThis study was conducted to investigate the factors contributing to disaffection and engagement among students during English lesson. The snowballing technique was used to recruit the samples. A link to questionnaire was given to 10 classroom representatives to be forwarded to their classmates. The data were collected over a one-week time frame starting from 1st December 2017 to 7th December 2017.
A total of 135 online questionnaires were responded and the findings gathered from the responses were computed into SPPS for statistical analysis. The results of each factors’ statements were examined based on individual’s responses to the questionnaire. Next, the statistical tests were carried out to examine the factors contributing to disaffection and engagement among students during English lesson.
The data were analysed, interpreted and presented in Chapter Four. This study assumed the responses provided by the samples were honest and sincere.3.5 Pilot StudyPilot study or also known as pre-test study refers to the means of checking whether the survey can be administered and provide accurate data (Cargan, 2007). A pilot study was conducted in a prior to the actual study. This pilot study aimed to assess the validity, reliability and technical aspect of the newly constructed online questionnaire. The online questionnaire was piloted with five students who had been selected beforehand and excluded from the sample’s population during the data collection process. The responses from the pilot study’s samples were computed into SPSS to calculate the Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients of the pilot instrument in order to determine the reliability of the questionnaire for this study.
The wording and the order of the questions were piloted to a small group of five students by asking a set of question regarding the survey instrument. All adjustments made are reported in Chapter 4. A copy pilot study online questionnaire used for the pilot study can be referred in Appendix 1.3.6 Analysis of DataData was collected through an online questionnaire by using Google Forms. The questionnaire was adapted from previous studies to suit the purpose of the study.
The responses gathered were analysed by using SPSS version 23. Both descriptive statistics and correlation statistics tests were used to analyse the data.3.7 EthicsAs part of ethical consideration, an electronic consent was asked before the samples can proceed to the first page of the questionnaire.
There was no email sign-in required for the samples to answer the questionnaire. HTTPS which stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure is used in Google sites such as Google Forms. HTTPS uses the system known as Secure Sockets Layer (SLL) which encrypts the information between the client and the host (Dulaney, 2015). Simply put, the exchange of information between samples and Google Form is encrypted and decrypted – secured.
Therefore, Google Forms do not collect personal information, email addresses or IP addresses which protect the confidentially and anonymity of the samples. 3.8 ConclusionConclusively, the execution of the study’s methodology was done in order to investigate the factors contributing to disaffection among students during English lesson and the relationship the variables.
This chapter has explained on the research design, participants involved, research procedures, analysis of quantitative data and ethical considerations. The findings of this study are presented and interpreted in the next chapter.?