3. made it or when it was made. Data

3.  Knowledge

            The massive amount of information is one
big problems with smart city. The vast amounts of information must be analyzed
in order to make it useful, so that everyone can access it for future plans.Information
which received at a time when one is unable to take advantage is essentially
noise. Predictive analysis helps cities to translate data into relevant and
actionable information that makes city life better and more productive.We are
moving from analyzing data that exists within city hall, to generating new data
that are deployed across all cities for multiple uses. Even the data collected
by streetlights can be used to benefit of citizens. For example, traffic data
captured by streetlights can uncover a prime location for a new restaurant in a
revitalized neighborhood and Hidden within the exponential volume of data
collected from connected lighting systems and other IoT devices are valuable
insights information about how citizens interact with cities.

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1.     
Smart Infrastructure

              Smart infrastructure means, a
city can move with other technologies and use the data to make meaningful
changes in future city plans. This will allow for better planning of future
demand. The ICT Infrastructure has four core themes for a smart city as
Economy, Governance, Environment and Society. For Economy – the city must be
able to thrive jobs, growth and finance, for Governance – the city must be
robust in its ability for administrating policies and pulling together the
different elements for Environment- the city must be sustainable in its functioning
for future generations and  for Society –
the city is for its  citizens.

5. Communication

 Communication refers to both technology and data
which travels across the technology. Building the smart city will never be finished.
Technology needs to be interoperable and perform to expectations regardless of
who made it or when it was made. Data also needs to be unconstrained as it
moves between systems, with all due attention to intellectual property,
security and privacy concerns. For this, public policy and legal technology
needs to be state of the art. The ability to seamlessly move in and out of many
different municipal and private systems is essential if we are to realize the
promise of smart cities.

6. 
IoT (Internet of things) devices

One of the key components that tie everything together in a smart city
is IoT devices.A smart city has “a wide
range of reporting devices such as sensors, visibility devices and other end
points that create the data that makes a smart city work and finally, In a
smart city, information will increasingly be obtained directly from
purposefully deployed sensors or indirectly from sensors deployed for another
purpose which gather and share useful information. As dependence on sensors
grows, they must be reliable and that the systems to which they are connected
will be able to tolerate the inevitable failures. Whether we like it or not,
sensors and actuators in our cities are here to stay. Fusing sensor information
into our daily life and integrating it all with third party social networks
will knit the fabric of society closer together.

Challenges in Developing Smart Cities

          People
move to urban areas with the hope of finding better job opportunities as well
as a better standard of living. However, the increasing number of people
migrating to urban areas leads to complex issues such as congestion, increased
demand for a limited pool of natural as well as other resources including
energy, water, sanitation, education and healthcare services.The
Smart Cities Mission requires smart people who actively participate in
governance and reforms. Citizen involvement is much more than a ceremonial
participation in governance. Smart people involve themselves in the definition
of the Smart City, decisions on deploying Smart Solutions, implementing
reforms, doing more with less and oversight during implementing and designing
post-project structures in order to make the Smart City developments
sustainable. The participation of smart people will be enabled by the SPV
through increasing use of ICT, especially mobile-based tools.

Conclusion

          The topic of Smart Cities as an approach
for sustainable urban development with the application of ICT has become an
intensely discussed field in the recent past An increasing urban population
drives the need for more efficient asset and resource management to ensure
high-quality living to citizens. The smart city transformation is fuelled by
technology advancements and the deployment of intelligence and information
management systems. This study investigates how ICT can help urban communities
to realise sustainable development. a deeper
reliance on ICT will become inevitable. Digital disruptions including social
media, mobility, Machine-to-Machine (M2M), Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data,
and Cloud Computing will become the backbone of next generation smart cities.
The Smart Cities mission is an innovative and a new initiative by the
Government of India to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of
people by enabling local development and harnessing technology as means to
create smart solutions for citizens.                   Each of these technologies
work together to make a smart city even smarter. As the world’s population
grows, and more people move into urban areas, the need for smarter cities will
increase to make the best use of available resources. ICT enables the exchange
of information and the transfer of activities from cities to rural areas. These
take many forms such as small businesses, outsourced activities, education
programs, health-related solutions, etc. ICT can therefore contribute to
correct the imbalances that currently separate the urban and poor rural areas
by connecting people, and delivering new possibilities to enjoy a sustainable,
healthy and innovative lifestyle.