.4.1 DiscussionTable 3 shows a result of the factors that contribute to the selfie obsession among social media users. A number of Likes & comments as an encouragement to post selfie is the first factors contribute to selfie obsession. 40% of the respondents believe the number of likes in the photo determines beauty. 20 of them agreed with the statement.
The table also shows 6% of the respondents which consists 3 people strongly disagree with the statement.Besides, the figures in the table also show that most of the respondents think people appreciate them if they get good comments. Meanwhile, 16% of the respondents denied they will take it off from social media. This means 46% respondent which represents 23 people who agree with the statements and 8 people who do not agree. The data also recorded that 34% of the respondents reveal they post selfie because they want to show to everyone the coolest thing they do in the week. However, there is 4% of the respondents who do not agree with the statement. This means, 17 out of 50 people agree with the statement and other 2 people claim they strongly disagree towards the statement given.
Meanwhile, the figures in table 2 represents the data which 52% of the respondents feel agree that the positive feedback and number of likes they receive encourage them to post their selfie to social media. The data recorded also state that there are a few respondents which are 2% of people who strongly disagree with the statement. The data represents 26 people who agree and 1 people who strongly disagree.The response recorded from 50 respondents state that up to 56% of the respondents reveal they want to feel the satisfaction of getting Likes and comments on how good they look in the picture and how pretty they are. They are the majority which represents 28 from 50 people of respondents. The response collected also convey that a small amount of 6% respondents are strongly disagree with the statement which they are the minority represents 3 only respondents.From the figures convey in table 2, Factors 2 contribute to selfie obsession is influenced by surrounding and peers.
Most of the female respondents disclose that they post selfie because their friends post it too. The data presents a 40% respondents who agree which equal to 20 respondents in total. Still, the respondents also disclose they actually disagree with the statements. They are 22% of them which represents 11 people out of 50.Referring to the questions C27 from the collected data, 44% of the respondents admitted they love to post a selfie with friends to show that they have a bunch of cool people around them. Regardless of how there were 6% of the respondents denied the statement which they may not selfie to show off they have a bunch of cool people. Therefore, the figures stated 22 respondents agreed with the statement and only 3 respondents strongly disagreed with the statement.Besides that, the table shows the highest frequency where respondents believe by post selfie to social media, they could update their lives with friends and family.
74% of them agree with the statements which represent 37 people. In contrast, there is only 2% of respondents who disagreed with the statement which consists of 1 respondent only.Following by next question, the highest number recorded where most of the respondents come to a disagreement which the statement said they feel jealous when they see their friends post their happy picture to social media & makes them eager to post the photo of them.
The data shows a 32% of them is disagree which represents 16 people in total. Besides, the table shows 26% of the respondents who agree with the statements which represent 13 people. However, the data also recorded that 16% of respondents are somewhat agreed with the statements which represent 8 people.Last but not least, 64% of the respondents answer with agreeing which they post a picture to social media because they believed they look attractive in the photo & wanted others to see it as well. Only 10% who disagree with the statement.
In other words, the data shows 32 respondents who agree and 5 respondents who disagree with the statements.4.5.1 DiscussionWhen participants were asked an open-ended question about their own opinion whether obsessed to selfie will give harm to their confident level, the respondents had a wide variety of answer. More than half which is 68% answered with a definitive ‘yes’. Selected answers for this open-ended questions included the following.
· “Yes. When I does not get the amount of attention I want, I feel I am not pretty at all”.· “Yes because when people being too obsessed with selfie, she/he will rate her/his beauty and confidence through people’s feedback which that shows a lack of confidence level”.
· “Yes because if I post a photo and did not get many likes, I will think that my photo is not good enough, not beautiful enough and it actually affect my confident. I will feel demotivated and take a lot of times to alter it which shows that I am not confident in myself”. However, there also a definitive ‘no’ answer from the respondents which is 32% of them.· “No. Because selfie is part of my routine and that doesn’t matter even if i didn’t get any single like for the picture when i post it in the socmed. Sometimes i took selfie and keep it for myself only, so that wasn’t related to my self-confidence and selfie. It just part of my routine”.
· “No. Because i am proud of myself and not afraid to show who i am and what I’m doing”.· “No. It is just a way of expressing myself and selfie is like a memory to me. Basically I take selfie and save memories”The researcher analyzed the findings and found two most common reason why respondents answer with yes.
As shown in table 4, the highest number of respondents who mentioned they feel ugly when they get a little amount of likes were 52% of respondents which equal to 26 people out of 50. Besides, 16% of them claims that they feel demotivated when they get negative feedback which represents 8 respondents. They answered with ‘yes’ and admitted that obsessed with selfie may affect their own self-confidence. The researcher also recorded the response from respondents who said obsession to selfie does not affect their level of self-confidence. As shown in the table, 12% of the respondents reveal the reason they take selfie because they want to keep it as memory and does not give any effect on their self-confidence. The data represents 6 people who said that. Meanwhile, 20% of the participants which represents 10 out of 20 people said selfie makes them believe with themselves and does not afraid to show the true of them.
The most common reason they said no because selfie helps them to gain confidence. As recorded through the response. ‘selfie actually could increase my confident level especially when people comment to my picture and I get a lot of likes from them, makes me feel people adores me and I am not ugly or fat women’. This is undeniable indicator of narcissism.
Regardless of whether the respondents admit to it or not, they are participating in these narcissistic behaviors. They feel this way because posting selfies to social networking sites boost their overall thoughts about themselves and want people to admire them as much. As they want people to perceive them as desireable and pretty, they tend to put so much effort to alter and edit picture and provide the best selfie after all to gain more likes and compliments. They will only saw themselves as pretty when get a lot of likes however it will still affect their self-esteem when they get negative comment. Another reason is, they want to keep selfie as a memory only and it is part of their routine to save it is memory. When researcher ask the common reason for this belief was that because they know the picture they post will not get any likes or little likes and comments. It just like no one cares what they were doing.
They had been post their selfie photos before this but they got a little amount of likes and decide not to post them anymore and save it as memory. This belief shows that they actually lack of self-confidence. They are not believe with themselves and they simply do that because does not have people who want to see their selfie picture.
They decide to keep it for themselves and yet claim selfie does nott affect their self-confidence when actually when researcher dig out the reason, the researcher can conclude they also are fall in the category of low in self-esteem. CHAPTER 5: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION & FUTURE RECOMMENDATION5.1 DISCUSSION5.1.
1. The effect of selfie obsession on social media user’s self-esteemThe findings and analysis from the study show a positive response which by posting a selfie makes the social media users feel empowered and important among family and friends. Their self-confidence tend to boost more higher when they know what they do is being watched by friends and family. They will feel they are important to people around them and feel being loved.However, most of the time users feel somehow ugly when most of the picture they post did not get any or little amount of likes and comments. Compare with people who positively believe on themselves, they will not easily influence by the amount of likes and compliment.
Simply ignore and continue doing what they usually do without judging themselves are just a criteria of people with higher self confidence.This suggest that people who simply judge themselves by having a thought people perceive them as ugly, are experience a lower self-confidence. They will take off their photo from social networking platform if they do not receive the desired amount of likes and simply will continuously retake various selfie and angle until they feel satisfied to gain more compliments & highly agree they will make extra effort to look best in the photoIf they get negative comments, they will feel insecure whether they should post their picture or not. This is undeniable sign of low self-esteem.
When a person get a good compliments, they feel empowered but once they get nothing, the confidence plummet. However, they are come to disagreemnet that they have been spend more than 2 hours to find the perfect selfie.The results of the questionnaire also help to explain the effect of selfie obsession on social media user’s self-esteem.
From the analysis of the questionnaire, users feel posting selfie to social networking platforms makes them feel good about themselves. The high percentage of agreement in the questionnaire that claimed they always use filter and altered picture to make themselves more attractive and desirable shown they always seek for likes and good compliments because they see themselves in a more positive lights when they got a compliment through likes and comments from others.5.
1.2. The factors contribute to selfie obsession among social media usersThe result from the the questionnaire help to explain the factors contribute to selfie obsession among social media users. First factor that has been suggest by the researcher is the number of likes and comment as an encouragement to post selfie. Researcher has found, the first reason contribute to this factor is users believe the numbers of likes in a photo determines beauty. Thus, they tend to compete with each other to produce a good selfie in order to collect likes as many as possible. The eagerness lead to the obsession in taking own picture.
Besides, most of them think people appreciate them if they get good comments. This is how selfie turn to be as an obsession. From the good comments and over interpretation from the users itself makes them believe everything related to big amount of likes and good compliment were actually a message that try to say people appreciate them. Once the likes are slower and they does not get the good compliments, they will try hard to take a new photo and post anotherFurthermore, the questionnaire record a highest number of respondents who admitted they post selfie because they want to show to everyone the coolest thing they do in the week. This situation normally happened when they constantly wactching their peers having fun on vacation activities, watching them hanging out together will make the person who views the image feel that the person life was awesome and exciting and indirectly will makes them want to show to the world what they do. Referring to the findings, the researcher found other factors contribute to selfie obsession is the amount of likes itself. Most of the respondents agree that the positive number of likes they receive ancourage them to post their selfie to scocial media. The amount of likes are seem as a confident booster and they want to feel the satisfaction of getting likes and comments on how good they look in the picture and how pretty they are.
This is the reason why people become so addicted to selfie. The researcher have found the second factors contribute to selfie obsession is because they influence by their peers and surrounding. This is supported through the data recorded which shows majority of the respondents agree they post selfie because their friends post it too.
Based on the findings, most of the respondents revealed the reason they post selfie because they want to show that they have a bunch of cool people around them.To conclude, the researcher record a positive response which most of the users believed by post selfie to social media, they could update their lives with friends and family. To added, they also post their picture to social media because they believed they look attractive in the photo & wanted others to see it as well. However, users denieds they feel jealous when they see their friends post their happy picture to social media & makes them eager to post the photo of them.5.2 CONCLUSIONBased on a survey with 50 female respondents who use Facebook to post their selfie picture, this study addressed the effect of selfie obsession on social media user’s self esteem. As the conclusion for the research objective (1) which to determine the effect of selfie obsession on social media user’s self-esteem. The researcher has found that excessive posted selfie to social media and obsessed with taking selfie may affect self-esteem which can make the person’s confidence level become plummet compare to the past researcher in the literature review who claims post more selfie is increasing one self- confidence.
This is because, the respondents believe they feel ugly when most of the picture they post did not get any / little amount of likes and comment. Therefore, this will lead them to take off their photo from social networking platform if they do not receive the desired amount of likes and they will continously retake various selfie and angle until they feel satisfied. Besides, if they get negative comments, they will feel insecure whether they should post their picture or not. This shows that selfie obsession results in low self confidence among social media users. For the research objective (2) which is to identify the factors contribute to selfie obsession among social media user, researcher has suggest the first factor is number of likes and comment as an encouragement to post selfie. This is admitted by the respondents as majority of them believe the numbers of likes in a photo determines beauty. Besides, they want to show to everyone the coolest things they have done in the week. Furthermore, the positive feedback and number of likes they receive encourage them to post their selfie to social media.
Besides that, the second factors that researcher has suggest is peers & Surrounding influence people to take selfie. This is agree by most of respondents as they state that they post selfie because their friends post it too. Following by other reason to support the factors, the respondents agree by post selfie to social media, they could update their lives with friends and family. The biggest contribution to this factors is respondents feel jelous when they see their friends post their happy picture to social media and makes them eager to post the photo of them. As a whole, researcher found obsessed to selfie is not good to self-esteem as it could affect the level of self-confidence of one’s own especially when the factors contributing to the results are influence by the surrounding & peers and numbers of likes as an encouragement to post selfie.
5.4 FUTURERECOMMENDATION5.4.1 Duration of the studyDuring the researchdevelopment, the researcher came to a conclusion that the duration of time thatwas given for the research was limited. More time would be needed to distributequestionnaire and to find the target respondents for this research as therewere lots of issues that had not been dealt thoroughly. The researcher believedif more time was given, plenty more issues can be tackled and resolved fromloopholes in the research. As for futher enhancements, many issues and topicswill be discovered provided a longer duration and period was given.
The topic was chosen for the purpose of this research is not thatcomplicated yet a bit too general as it needs only extra time to get it donewith meetings with the right people to be as a respondent in order to get thefindings for this report. Follow ups sometimes had to be done quite a few timesdue to the dealing with different people from different backgrounds. Time hadto be rescheduled accordingly before meetings, referring them as for the topicand any updates related to the research of the effect of selfie obsession on socialmedia user’s self-esteem. 5.4.2 Gettingthe right respondents to answer the questionnairesGetting the rightrespondents to answer the researcher’s question is crucial as it will affecttthe findings. For this research, researcher need to distribute questionnaireto individual who are currently obsessed with selfie.
The researcher cannotsimply go to the public, choose random people and ask them about the researchhoping that we will get saturated answer from all of them. It obviously willjeopardize the findings and in the end the research may have to be redo it allover again. The best option is to find the researcher’s friends on Facebook wholove to take and post selfie, and observe whether they really post up a selfieeveryday or just once a while. After that researcher can ask that targetingpeople to answer the questionnaire given