A North Korean representative affirmedthat until DPRK does not develop an ICBM capable of reaching the East Coast of USA,they will not be interested in diplomacy. North Korea does not exclude thediplomatic path, but before embarking on diplomacy with the Trumpadministration they want to convey the clear message that the DPRK has adefensive capability and reliable offensive to counteract any US aggression.These statements are a real challenge for the United States and the Trumpadministration to reflect on their contradictory messages about diplomaticefforts on the North.
In a statement made by the White HouseSecretary General John Kelly said “Americans should be worried about NorthKorea’s ability to reach the United States” with an intercontinental ballisticmissile. He told journalists that if the threat grows “beyond the presentlevel, well, let’s hope diplomacy works.” Kelly also notes that Pyongyangdevelops a nuclear vehicle re-entering the fairly good atmosphere.For a missile to successfully hit atarget, it must re-enter the atmosphere without disintegrating. With thesestatements, Kelly seems to suggest that Washington believes that Pyongyang isapproaching a key achievement in its ballistic program.A North Korean official told CNN thattwo steps are still needed to reach its goal – a reliable ICBM.One stage is nuclear detonation aboveground such as that raised by North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Yong-ho at theUN, where he suggested that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un is planning todetonate an unprecedented hydrogen bomb over the ocean Pacific, after USPresident Donald Trump threatened the complete destruction of North Korea.
The other stage is testing a long-rangeICBM capable of reaching Guam Island and moving even further away from it, theofficial said.Both steps are needed for the DPRK totransmit a “clear message” to the Trump administration, according towhich it has an effective nuclear disarmament, this official points out.US Secretary of State Rex Tillersonstressed that he would continue his diplomatic efforts for as long as possible,despite the hijacking of weapons on both shores of the Pacific.At present, simple possession ofnuclear weapons operates as an element of deterrence among political dispute.Because DPRK’s leader tries so strongly to achieve a place among the countireswith nuclear power, it has been reported developing new types of strategicweapons, including atomic and hydrogen bombs.The North Korean projectile is a way ofdeterrence to the pressures put up by the US government for the suppression ofits nuclear program.
As some experts say, DPRK is actually using its missileand nuclear program as a deterrent, international prestige and coercivediplomacy against USA, just to protect themselves but not to start a war. On the other hand, using only diplomacyto deter DPRK, without the use of power, is almost impossible, but could slowdown North Korea’s developing nuclear program. This is however hard to achieveand would imply that US, South Korea and Japan to have to “adapt to the newstatus quo.”The US North Korean Threat Strategy hasbeen developed over several decades, and in the last few years, since thelaunch of the nuclear-powered missile series, the United States and its allieshave a new rhetoric in order to control the situation.There are not many options, andPresident Donald Trump has four possible solutions:1. Continue on the same line as before,by using political diplomacy and peaceful talks but without the involvingmilitary.
2. A diplomatic offensive, so thatthrough China, Kim-Jong-un is brought to the table, but for that to happen,Trump has to offer something to China and the regime Pyongyang. That may mean aloss of influence in the China Sea, amplifying the danger of destabilizingSouth Korea and Japan.3. The last option is that of war withconsequences that are hard to control.
Many experts argue that an armedconflict has great potential for spreading in the area.Finally, the use of coercive diplomacyand deterrence against North Korea could be a good plan to control DPRK’sdevelopment of nuclear power but in the same time it should not be forgottenthat the dictator Kim has no known successor and that his state of health,despite his youth, is not as good as it should be. It may as well, that keepingthe use of aggression from US and waiting for the fall of the leader by himselfis the best option to conciliate the problem.