Areclining chair is a mechanism which has a backrest to recline and can beadjusted. It also has a static seating and the footrest that can be moved. The footrest will continue to connect to the backrest tomaintain the position of chair. (James & Johnson, 1973). Siccardi (1901)stated that, the reclining chair is a combination of seat which has a hingedbehind the backrest and the footrest and controlled by the movement of thebackrest to raise the seat and footrest. There are two ways to approach thereclining chair. The most often approach in reclining chair was to lay down atthe backrest angle and extend the leg at the leg rest or at foot stool.
Theother approach is a wheelchair known as ‘Tilt-In-Space’. The backrest is staticand the whole system is slanted. A several ‘Tilt-In-Space’ chair also haveupward leg rest (Wicket, 2013). The used of reclining chair willstimulate blood circulation and arouse relaxing mood. Based on previous studies,reclining at the angle of 110o degrees, we can reduce the stress level approximately at 40% (Haworth,2008).
According to Alan Hedge (2013), the most appropriate recliningchair is at an angle of range 110 odegrees to 130 o degrees as to fully support the back muscles. There are threetypes of reclining chairs which will discuss in the next following point. 2.5.1 Reclining Chair At HomeRecliningchair that used in homes depending on customer favored. Some people think thatcomfort and function are the most important criteria for the chair, meanwhileother people are concerned about the design that matches with the interior.They used the chair for reading a book, taking a nap, watching TV, or surfing onthe internet (Kratter, 2012).
2.5.2 Reclining chair for workingOfficechair is a chair that used for working in front of a computer desk. It is usedfor sitting while reading, writing, and typing and do the offices work.
With thecomfort chair, the worker can do their job better. Conference chair that is typically used atthe office in the conference room were considered as reclining chair forworking. The chairs are not used for all the time in the office. It will beused for meeting or conference (Kratter, 2012).