AanshiGupta(16100002)ComputerScience and EngineeringDr.SPM-IIITNayaRaipur, [email protected]
inRakeshEkka(1600045)ComputerScience and EngineeringDr.SPM-IIITNayaRaipur, [email protected] Abstract— In today’s world when everything’s going tech-savvy, and there’s aquest of making every possible thing handy, mobile communications have sociallyand economically contributed a lot in the development of different countriesacross the globe. Because of their increasing demand, researchers also tend tofind every possible way to make the technology more efficient and come up withnew launches in the market, which after sometimes sets a trend, thus increasingthe number of customers.
The main aim of these time to time launches is to get anefficient way which has higher data transmission rate. Here in this paper, wediscuss about the upcoming generation of networking technologies, i.e. 5G,expected to come into force, towards theend of this decade. Keywords:techsavvy,quest,demand,transmission,networking,technologiesINTRODUCTIONToday,inthis era,mobile communications have become an indispensable part of everypersons’ life, and this would continue forever for the upcoming generations withmuch more sophisticated and advanced technologies which would be helpful tobring another revolution in the field of electronics.
Having started with 1G atits initial stage, now we have succeeded in reaching upto 4G and this processof touching milestones would continue further with the invention of much bettertechnologies such as 5G,5G+ and so on.After 4G currently being in action, it’sa high time that scientists go for achieving 5G, with work already underprogression and promises that say we would achieve it till the end of thisdecade i.e. 2020. 5G would cover a vast variety of use cases, that are: Mobilebroadband, requiring very high performance; and massive Machine to machine,requiring extremely long battery life. 5G would also ultimately utilize a widerange of frequency bands which would include existing and new spectrums, whichmay extend to higher frequencies above 30GHz. Expectations from 5gTaking intoconsideration current market scenario, there will be many expectations that 5Gwould be required to accomplish.Some of them are mentioned below-:· Faster-: The foremost requirement of anynew technology in the market is that it must be faster than its previousversions.
Thus, a higher data transmission rate is expected from 5G.· Higher Capacity-: It is expected thattowards the end of this decade there will be approximately 1000 times moremobile traffic than that was in 2010.Thus this new technology must be able tomanage traffic that is very much larger than that is today.· Larger crowd connectivity-: It will beexpected that this network provides a huge connectivity among the crowds sothat there’s no delay even if the number of users is more at a specific time onspecific place of the globe.· Energy Efficient-: Today, when we areall dependent on technology, there’s also a need to go greener along with thedevelopment, what we call as sustainable development. Thus, the improvisedversion of any technology must be such that it is less energy consuming and isless prone to become the cause of disasters.
Also in machine to machineterminals there’s a need to manage the energy efficiently for a longer batterylife.· Less Expensive-: With the increasedperformance rate , it is also desirable that the cost per unit is not such thatit’s not affordable for all. The cost must be normalized.· Reduced Latency-: With this reducedlatency it would be a gateway for cloud computing, and many of the real-timeapplications and tactile internet. METHOD OF ACHIEVING 5GThe basic modelof 5G networking technology consists of two evolutionary paths. The first isthrough improvised LTE (Long Term Evolution) versions keeping the backwardcompatibility.
The second path is to achieve it through newly accomplishedRadio Access Technology that are not compatible with the backward LTE. Also inthis approach the 5G will achieve a wider range of frequency that are bothoptimized and agonistic. A better way came out that the 5G technology consistsof enhanced LTE RAT and a new RAT. The tight networking between the two RATs wouldbe supported either by carrier aggregation or dual connectivity.
The moresuperior radio technology that is meant for cellular systems should utilize theunlicensed spectrum bands. It may also be that full duplex, which is for thesimultaneous transmission and receiving of the carrier may be achieved. Non-OrthogonalMultiple Access (NOMA) is to be introduced as an intra-cell multi-usermultiplexing scheme which will utilize a new domain: the power domain, which hasnot been not sufficiently utilized in the previous generations. The Advanced Cloud-AccessRadio Network(C-RAN) architecture would handle all the required processing forcarrier aggregation (CA) and its mobility within one baseband unit (BBU), whichwould drastically reduce the amount of signaling for the core network. CONCLUSIONFinally,what we conclude is that with the arrival of 5g technologies there would be amuch more better connectivity across the globe which would lead to much moredevelopment. Also, there is a expectation that 5G would be covering a widerange of frequency. Many of the new upcoming technologies could be establishedin the 5g era more efficiently.
These efforts of bringing 5G into existencewould lead to a much broader coverage area covering all over the world even atthe frequencies which are much higher and a single Radio Access Technology 5GSystems which will be covering all spectrum bands.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTWe have given much efforts in this report.However, it would not have been possible without the kind support and help ofmany individuals. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to all of them.
Firstly, thanking the ALMIGHTYwithout whose grace we would have never been able to complete this reportsuccessfully. We are highly indebted to Dr.Ramesh Vaddi for his guidance and constant supervision as well as forproviding necessary information regarding the topic & also for his supportin completing it.
We specially thank all the lab assistants for their timely support.We would like to express our gratitude towards our parents & members of IIIT-NR for their kind co-operation andencouragement which helped us in completion of this report. Our thanks andappreciations also go to the people who have willingly helped us out with theirabilities. References 1http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp==7417891 2http://searchtelecom.techtarget.com/answer/What-advantages-do-4G-wireless-networks-have-over-3G-networks 3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LTE_(telecommunication) 4http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp==6526920 5 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_access_technology 6 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-RAN