ABSTRACT of teaching and learning. It can impart knowledge

ABSTRACT

ICT
is playing diverse role in the field of teaching and learning. It can impart
knowledge at a reduced cost, at the very doorstep. It is facilitating distant
mode of education through virtual learning. Students in remote areas can also
gain access to the knowledge through ICT. ICT serves to improve the retention
of subject matter. Sharing of learning resources can be made possible through
ICT. Social situation required for learning and intellectual development can
artificially be provided through ICT . It is providing great power to students
to learn by allowing them to access, manipulate, modify, store, and retrieve
information. It can effectively act as teaching aids by providing audio, visual
or audio-visual experiences. Microscopic details can be magnified, large-sized
structure can be reduced to normal size and shown to students. The students can
get opportunity to see and listen to great scientists, educationists, artists
etc. and enrich their learning experience. In an ICT environment, the gained knowledge
can be easily tested by an on-line test and instantly provide teacher with wide
range of information associated with learner’s score. Hypertext software
enables teacher to provide with non-linear human thinking process. The use of
ICT will facilitate teaching and enhance learning experience for the students,
help them to think and communicate creatively. ICT will prove to be boon for
the future generation by preparing them for successful lives and careers in an
increasing technological world.

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INTRODUCTION

According to Blurton,
ICT is defined as, “diverse set of technological tools and resources used to
communicate, create, disseminate, store and manage information.”

Technologies included
in ICT are- radio, television, mobiles, computers and internet-based
communication which are now increasingly using multimedia as its means.

In the present digital
era, technology is influencing almost all spheres of human life including the
teaching-learning process.

                                                
         DISCUSSION

If we consider the
newly created fundamental right-right to education, we would see that we have
enormous shortage of resources, including the teachers. ICT can facilitate the
RTE by providing knowledge at a reduced cost at the very doorsteps.

In present era,
education through distance mode is achieving tremendous success because of the
ICT. It is known as virtual learning, where students are attending the virtual
classes in ICT-enabled campuses, interacting with their teachers, submitting
their assignments, accessing learning resources etc.

Remote places, usually
situated in the mountainous areas have distantly-located schools or colleges.
Education in these locations become a distant dream. The students of these
areas can gain access to wide range of knowledge through ICT and educate
themselves.

A striking example of
ICT in action can be seen in American schools, where video systems are used to
transmit television programme and information throughout an entire school and
even between schools in the same locality. This regional sharing of learning
resources is enabling schools to minimize expenditure by concentrating time and
effort into creating centralized services.

According to Donaldson,
reasoning and intellectual development is embedded in familiar social situation
of everyday life. Collaborative learning is therefore taking an increasingly
profile in the curricula of many schools, with ICT playing a central role.

The traditional methods
of teaching practiced in most of the schools usually prove quite uninteresting
for the students. If the same facts, concepts, processes etc. are explained
with help of multimedia-based animation programmes, then the interest of the
students multiply many folds. This results in fast learning and longer retention
of the subject matter.

The incidents and
developments related to any field can be heard and seen in any part of the
world by the students. This would keep the students up-to-date with all the
current events.

The students can get
valuable opportunity to experience the thoughts and ideas of great scholars,
educationists, artists etc. This will motivate them and enrich their knowledge.
This facility is available not only at the regional level but also at the
global level.

Students who work
part-time can get boost as ICT has the ability to spread literacy on a large
scale. The attractive and interactive mode of learning has the capacity to give
positive results.

According to Lewin,
analytical skill, writing skill improves due to ICT.

ICT can effectively act
as a teaching aids by providing audio, visual or audio-visual experiences to
the students. Microscopic details can be magnified or large-sized structure can
be reduced to normal size and shown to students. The processes or events taking
place in the nature or society can be brought to the classroom with the help of
ICT. Such lively presentations can leave a permanent mark on the mind of the
mind of the students and deepen their understanding.

Software and
information industry association states that ICT helps in boosting the
self-confidence and self-esteem of the students.

A student has to use a
number of equipments and gadgets in order to cover the practical part of his
curriculum. The handling of these equipments and gadgets require specific
skills. Teaching these skills to a large number of students is ineffective and
time consuming. The skill can easily be demonstrated to the students on
large-sized screens to yield better results.

In order to bring about
all around development of the students, a number of extracurricular activities
should be taught to the students. Skills required in these activities can also
be taught effectively with help of huge-sized screens. Here, the minute details
can easily be shown. The speed of the performance can be increased, decreased
or freezed as per requirement of the viewer.

The traditional method
of imparting knowledge, are characterized by linear progression of information.
However, human minds are more adaptable and often uses non-linear strategies
for the storage and retrieval of informations. Hypertext software enables
teachers to provide their students with the non-linear means to match
non-linear human thinking process.

The position of the
teacher is likely to be reduced as the students gain power through the use of
computers to access, manipulate, modify, store and retrieve information. This
will result in promoting greater autonomy in learning.

The population of India
is multiplying at an amazing speed. Whatever resources the country has to offer
will fall short in no time. The resources related to education can easily be
furnished by ICT.

The knowledge gained
through learning should be tested from time to time. Manual checking of these
tests is time consuming and may also be error ridden. These shortcomings can
effectively be dealt by on-line tests and evaluations by the computers.

                                                           
CONCLUSION

In a nutshell, the use
of ICT will facilitate teaching and enhance learning experience for the
students, help them to think and communicate effectively and creatively. ICT
will prove to be a boon for the future generations by preparing them for
successful lives and careers in an increasing technological world.

                                                            REFERENCES

Bhatnagar, A.B.;and
Bhatnagar Anurag(2016), Educational Technology and Management, R. Lall Book
Depot, Meerut.

Mangal, S.K.; Mangal,
Uma(2013); Shiksha Takniki, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi.

ICT in education.
Available online at www.unescobkk.org

ICT in education.
Available online at www.academia.edu