AbstractRacismin Nadine Gordimer’s Burger’s Daughter P.Annalakshmi,M.Phil(English),VivekanandhaCollege of Arts and Sciences For Women,(Autonomous)Elayampalayam ,Tiruchengode,E-mailid:[email protected],PhoneNo:7708621445.
Racism is a word of manydefinitions. From the beginning of SouthAfrica, there were conflicts with the country, slavery of blacks, and goingagainst the people. Racism was a fluctuated conflict in the nineteenth centuryand still exists today even though there are laws against it. The intellectualsand writers in this country could not keep silent against these racist practiceand they discussed them in their works. One of these is Nadine Gordimer, thenoble-winning writer in literature.
She was a white activist who has been aneye witness of racist era. In this paper about racism in her novel Burger’s Daughter.Key words: Racism, Apartheid, Racial Discrimination, NadineGordimer Racismin Nadine Gordimer’s Burger’s DaughterP.Annalakshmi,M.Phil(English),VivekanandhaCollege of Arts and Sciences For Women,(Autonomous)Elayampalayam,Tiruchengode,E-mailid:[email protected],PhoneNo:7708621445. IntroductionBurger’s Daughter is about anti-apartheidin South Africa. They search to overthrow the South African government.
Gordimernovels about South Africa struggle politics, and she knew many of the activist.Burger’s Daughter was judged to beindecent and capable of endangering the state of the Republican of SouthAfrica, on the grounds that its story depicted white characters considered asbad and black characters considered asgood. In addition, Gordimer was accused of having written a clearly politicalnovel whose theme of fostering black militancy posed a threat to the peacefulco-existence between the separated races of the country.Racial Discrimination Racialdiscrimination is the act of treating someone differently than others becauseof the color of his or her skin. This generally happens because of a socialconstruct, or the attachment to certain meanings to a person’s race, used tojustify the discrimination. Race is the primary determinant of human traits andcapacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of aparticular race.
Racial discrimination occurs when an individual is subjectedto unequal treatment because of their actual or perceived race. Signs of Racial discrimination• Peoplecall them by various names instead of their actual name in order to insultthem.• Blackpeople are made to sit differently away from others• Theyare terminated or demoted from their job and not given any good reason tojustify the decision.• Peoplearound them humiliate their family and their nature of origin.Apartheid in Burger’s DaughterThe system of Apartheid wasdismantled and Nelson Mandela ascended from his tiny jail cell to become theleader of an integrated South Africa. Nadine Gordimerwas got the Nobel Prize for Literature with Burger’s Daughterspecifically for her ability to fuse art and morality. The Guardian included thenovel among the top 10 books ever produced in South Africa. Once against bookbanning was proven to be the most effective way to accomplish exactly theopposite of the intent of the ban and once again the lesson failed to belearned by those who would follow suit in the future.
Burger’s Daughter is about a group of white anti-apartheid activists in South Africa seeking to overthrow the South African government. Itis set in the mid-1917’s, and follows the life of Rosa, the title character, asshe comes to terms with her father Lionel Burger’s legacy as an activist in theSouth Africa Communist party. Burger’sDaughter offers afascinating take on the apartheid era, but the novel’s interest goes far beyondits foregrounding historical merit. It also raises issues of universalconcerns, issues of mind over matter, action over inertia, life over death.Rosa’s personal struggle to come to terms with her father’s legacy is one ofthem. Following in the footsteps of agod-like father is a universal challenge for any dutiful child to perceivingthe ultimate meaning of the actions of one’s parents, the pertinence of theirideology and their real power to change fate and destiny.
In our house, Rosasays, it was believed that changing the world, eliminating private conflictsset up by the competitive nature of capitalist society would give meanings topeople’s lives. But these political and humanitarian preoccupations neitheracknowledged nor explained the mystery of life and death beyond the revolutionMany of Gordimer’s works haveexplored the impact of apartheid on individuals in South Africa. Journalist andnovelist George Packer writes that, as in several of her novels, a theme in Burger’s Daughter is of racially divided societies in which well-meaningwhites unexpectedly encounter a side of black life they did not know about.
Literary critic Carolyn Turgeon says that while Lionel was able to work withblack activists in the ANC, Rosa discovers that with the rise of the BlackConsciousness Movement, many young blacks tend to view white liberals asirrelevant in their struggle for liberation. Rosa witnesses this first handlistening to the black university student in Soweto and, later, in London, her childhood friend”Baasie” , who both dismiss her father as unimportant.Author and academic Louise Yelinsays that Gordimer’s novels often feature white South Africans opposed toapartheid and racism who try to find their place in a multiracial society.Conclusion NadineGordimer’s Burger’s Daughter is about apartheid in South Africa.Shebecame anti-apartheid novelist, her close observation made her to do this.
Hernovels are the representation of people whoeither are in distress for being separated from the racism of the society likewhites or suffer from imposed deprivation like the blacks. She is the writer ofcommitment and in her novels, she testifies to the predicaments of her societymarked by political issues during apartheid. Gordimer’s literary output serves through which she expresses her protest againstoppression and rights for people equality and liberation. She is also anobservant witness. Her writings reflectthe depths of her people’s consciousness and lay bare their psycho-politicaldevelopment. In her authentic portraits of South Africa, Gordimer calls for aradical change, a transformation inevitable for the betterment of herfragmented society. ReferenceBoyers, Robert.
“Public and Private: On Burger’s Daughter,” in Salmagundi.LXII (Winter, 1984), pp. 62-92.Clingman,Stephen.TheNovels of Nadine Gordimer:History from the Inside.London:Bloomsburypublishing plc.1993.https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/advice-and-guidance/race-discrimination