According to The Chief Executive’s 2017 Policy Address, the government will focus on development and the future direction of Hong Kong ‘s creative industries. Hong Kong Government comes to realize that it has immense development potential. They are not barely a cluster of emerging professions. About creative industries, it mainly focuses on the design, arts, cultural and communications sectors that are popular among young people. It is also a power plant to make Hong Kong be a more attractive international city because that will force the economy and add value. (The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, 2017)
About the culture and arts, the vision of Home Affairs Bureau is to develop Hong Kong as an international cultural metropolis. Policy Initiatives of Home Affairs Bureau (2017) noticed they support the freedom of artistic expression and creation and promote an energetic development of cultures. Also, they have been actively creating an environment conducive to the variegated development of culture and the arts. Providing citizens with the opportunities to participate extensively in arts and culture, dedicating resources to fostering talents, encouraging innovation, and supporting the conservation and promotion of the traditional culture also are the vision of the Home Affairs Bureau. (Home Affairs Bureau, 2017)
Most cultural policies are related to festivals and the arts, but there is no reason why all planned events cannot ease cultural experiences and meet the goals of other cultural developments. ‘Development’ in the arts and cultural spheres has to include increased awareness of what is available and its benefits to the community, audience-building through direct implicate of people in the arts, creating revenue, fostering traditional or indigenous talent and expression, and even providing free entertainment for the public. The government can leverage the events to improve the traditional and indigenous cultural development. Some of the main goals of the Festival Strategy were to develop an annual event and to ensure their independence and a balance of creativity, social objectives and the ability of a business. Other goals included social inclusion and ensuring sufficient funding. Therefore, one of the possible goals of cultural policy is cultivated sustainable culture event tourism. (Getz, 2012)
Home Affairs Bureau proposed Cultural Policy and explained that the objectives of the Cultural Policy are about providing opportunities for wide participation in culture and the arts and the potentials can develop their artistic talents. Also, they hope to create an environment conducive to the diversified and balanced development of culture and the arts. About the traditional cultures, it will support the preservation and promotion it while encouraging artistic creation and innovation. There also the main point of the policy that is to develop Hong Kong into a prominent hub of cultural exchanges. (Home Affairs Bureau, 2017)
Festivals promote cultural exchange and understanding between residents and visitors by providing a terrace to increase forbearance and understanding between hosts and guests. (Besculides, Lee, & McCormick, 2002) It is because the guests are exposed to the host culture. Furthermore, demonstrating their own culture to outsiders strengthens social ties, thereby enhances self-identity, pride, agglomeration, and support. Moreover, the interactivity of social and cultural activities further strengthens the relationships between the growth of social capital and the promotion of culture (Attanasi, Casoria, Centorrino, & Urso, 2013).
A research shows that festivals provide the unique opportunities for cultural and educational development of communities (Getz, 1997). Festivals provide the opportunities for exchanging ideas between residents and visitors. and act as an educational and training terrace for residents. (Dwyer, Mellor, Mistilis, and Mules, 2000) Festivals can also enhance the understanding between the community members from different ethnicities and cultural backgrounds. It also can act as building blocks for communities (Getz, 1991, 1997).
In many communities, including small towns and urban communities, events can be catalysts for community development. Social policy is a method to combat social problems. Social groups that integrate all kinds of conflicts should be the goal, to be realized through planning and decision making, all the way through social interpretation at events. Avoiding and responding to social problems at or surrounding events is a matter of social policy. It is not just a safety issue; it should also combine the public awareness and education, event management including crowd management, site design and travel convention. (Getz, D., 2012)
Drug abuse is an illegal issue that usually find in a music event. In Hong Kong, any person who has in his possession; or smokes, inhales, ingest or injects a dangerous drug, shall be liable upon conviction to a fine HKD$ 1,000,000 and imprisonment for 7 years. (The Dangerous Drug Ordinance – Chapter 134)
A study conducted a survey of teenagers attending a day-long music festival held in Melbourne, attended by around 40,000 people each year. As the results, the illegal drug use is more common among participants of this music festival than in the relevant age group in the general Australian population. This, in turn, shows that the festival’s subculture is linked to the use of illegal drugs. In particular, rap and dance/house music preferences were related strongly with recent drug abuse. Many young Australians want to enhance their musical and other social experiences so they use illegal drugs in recreational settings. Dance music and revel at the venues would be suitable places to promote secure drug use. The results underline the fact that the population participate this music festival are a distinct, high-risk group, who using illegal drugs more often than in their age group in the general Australian population. This music festival and similar events provide a great opportunity to easily reach out to a large number of people at-risk in a short period of time for health promotion. (LIM, HELLARD, HOCKING, & AITKEN, 2008)