Albert Camus was a French philosopher who was an author. His most famous works are “The Stranger,” and the “The Myth of Sisyphus.” In his one work the “Myth of Sisyphus,” Albert Camus quotes, “There is only one really serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide. Deciding whether or not life is worth living is to answer the fundamental question in philosophy. All other questions follow from that”. This quote conveys Camus’s philosophy of absurdism. He found it absurd about the idea of the human quest to find meaning to why they exist and after they cease from existing. The quote from his book is him balancing the question of whether suicide is a rational answer to the absurdity of life. Unlike Sartre, Camus’s existentialism was focused more on absurdism. Camus felt there were characteristics of the absurd life; revolt, freedom, and passion. This means we shouldn’t accept any answer to our struggle and that we are free to think and act however we want, and that we must pursue a life of diverse and rich experiences. In fact, Camus tried his best to pull himself away from being known as an existentialist, despite being classified as a follower of it. Sartre believed there were two kinds of beings; being-in-itself, and being-for-itself. The first kind he said it meant it just is. It’s fixed and complete and has no reason for its being. The second being has no absolute and corresponds to human consciousness, meaning our existence basically stands for “nothingness”. Everything apart of our life is our own creation. We have complete freedom in the world. Camus was not welcomed by other postmodern philosophers who refused to acknowledge his ideals or influence. Camus didn’t evolve or create a new idea of existentialism, like Sartre who managed use his philosophical thinking to create new paths of existentialism; Camus instead kept and revived old pessimistic ideas of the philosophy. Sartre was more about the property of existence while Camus’s absurdist ideas focused on the essential relationship with the world. Sartre was focused on the philosophy revolving around the experience every human becomes aware of; being thrown into a life with no reason or meaning or purpose other than the purpose we create for ourselves. While Camus and Sartre were different, they both didn’t believe in religion. Camus, who felt that there was nothing beyond this life, wanted to avoid the delusions of hope that came with religions like Christianity. Religion, he felt, gave false meaning to life. Camus may of viewed religion negatively, but Sartre regarded it in a positive light. Like Camus, he didn’t believe in religion or any existence of gods or the need of it to give meaning to life, but yet still used it’s imagery and language in his writings.
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