Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a brain disease which causes neuropsychological conditions that affects visual perception. After researching different brain diseases, I chose to probe this disease because it looked to be rather fascinating to learn more about. Alice in Wonderland syndrome is very different from any other syndrome, starting from its history to its symptoms. History Alice in Wonderland syndrome(AIWS) has a very unique history and is different from the others. There are a couple of diverse reasons to why AIWS is rare and how it got its name. This syndrome gets its name from Lewis Carrol’s book “Alice in Wonderland”, where the main character, Alice, experiences distortions that affect her perception. Alice would see parts of her body change shapes, size, or differ from the rest of her body, or sometimes grow her whole body either too large or too small. Alice in Wonderland syndrome was given its name in 1955 by John Todd, which is why this syndrome is also known as Todd syndrome. Before getting its name, Alice in Wonderland syndrome was described by Caro Lippman in 1952. There is also a reference to the fictional island of Lilliput in the novel Gulliver’s Travels written by Jonathan Swift in 1726 because of the metamorphosis characteristic also being referred to as Lilliputian hallucinations. This is a brief summary of Alice in Wonderland syndrome’s history and medical conditions. Symptoms AIWS’s symptoms are very unusual. You see things that are abnormal to the human eye. There is nothing wrong with the actually eye itself, it’s the sufferer who “sees” the wrong shape and sizes. These symptoms are temporary. Each symptom lasts from 5-20 minutes, they never occur simultaneously. However, each symptom results in a different issue. People diagnosed with Alice in Wonderland syndrome experience micropsia (which the patient sees objects shrink), teleopsia (which the patient observes objects appearing farther than they really are), macropsia (which the patient sees objects grow), Metamorphopsia (which the patient sees straight lines appearing wavy or blank), and Pelopsia (which the patient sees objects appear closer than they really are). For example, you could be looking at the city and out of nowhere the people walking around start looking like they’re growing and the buildings start shrinking. These people that are detected with AIWS perceive their external body’s shape and size is incorrect. All of these symptoms that the patients encounter tend to provoke fear and panic. Cause & Cure Alice in Wonderland syndrome can and may affect children between the ages 5 to 10. In fact, this syndrome occurs among 10 to 20% of the population. AIWS has no specific reason to why it happens since it lasts such a short amount of time that doctors have a difficult time finding a cause. AIWS is usually associated with drug use, frequent migraines, and brain tumors. Alice in Wonderland syndrome can cause multiple feelings. AIWS can cause classical migraine brain, but not all the time. It can also cause infections and/ or Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis. You may also experience brain tumors and/ or head trauma. Alice in Wonderland syndrome also has more causes like terminal lobe epilepsy, and Epstein-Barr virus, which can cause infectious mononucleosis(fever). There is no treatment for Alice in Wonderland Syndrome. The best way to treat this disease is simply by helping the sufferer be more comfortable. Eventually this condition goes away over time. AIWS symptoms caused by migraines seem to somewhat reduce by making a few changes in your diet, such as avoiding dark chocolate, red wine and strong cheese. Also keeping a regular sleep schedule and avoiding being tired.
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