Americans had now acquired new opportunities and rights.
They had legal equality, the rights to own property, get married to whom they
desired, attend schools, start professions, as well as the right to learn to
read and write. With this opportunity, the blacks educated themselves and their
children. There were around 600,000 children and elderly students in the
southern schools in 1877. Of course, at this time, the schools participated in
racial segregation and the black schools generally received less funding. This
didn’t stop them though, many northern missionaries moved south to educate in
the black school and black churched raised money to pay for teachers. Also
around this time, the Fifteen Amendment offered an opportunity for suffrage
which allowed black men to organize politically and participate in statewide
In 1877, during the time Samuel Tilden and Rutherford Hayes
were running for office, there was the Compromise of 1877 which was passed with
a heavy price. The democrats deserted Tilden in order to regain political rule
in the south. The northern states started to focus their eyes on the expansion
of the west and quietly gave up the fight for black racial equality in the
south. Hayes withdrew federal troops from the south and the Republican-backed
governments collapsed leading to the end of the Reconstruction. Over the next
30 years, the civil rights promised to the blacks during the Reconstruction
crumbled under the southern rule.
Yes, Marcus, the Ku Klux Klan were the movers and the
shakers of the late 1800’s as they introduce most effective, but unethical
tactic to the socio-political scene that is the violence and fear. Masking
their identities and wearing scary suits doubled the to be induced fear. They
were punishing both the black who are seeking freedom and Republican party for
supporting the legitimate goal of the black. They put many bumps on the way of
the Reconstruction process to halt and ultimately revocation of the process, and unfortunately they were able to achieve
great deal of success through controlling the election and therefore the
All the best,
Thanks prof, I admit that I am not knowledgeable or smart
enough to make a claim that the Reconstruction was a complete failure or a
clear success, but according to wat I read that the reconstruction did not
succeed at least in its broad aims. The aim is to create a functioning
interracial democracy in the South. The notion of equal civil and political
rights in the society vanished because the social structure and power relations
in the south was not in agreement with it, so it didn’t work and those rights
were eventually taken away, after being violated for long time. But we cannot
from the other hand ignore the fact that the Reconstruction had created a
window of opportunity in which many forms of progress took place, black were
able to create their own institutions, churches, schools, and families, and
many of them did acquire lands eventually, although, another failure for the
Reconstruction was that large majority of black were left in a status of
dependence, economic poverty and dependence on whites.
I can say that the Reconstruction lays the groundwork for
more struggle in the future to build on what has been realized, this why we
have later the civil right movements in the 1960s which I see some writers call
it the second Reconstruction and it built upon the aspiration, the tactics, the
legal grounds of the first Reconstruction, but it took a full century for the
country to again try to live up to those ideas.
All the best,
Essay Follow up
for Forum 7 The follow up forum is due Sunday but the initial post must be
completed first to gain credit for the follow up.–Specific directions are
posted for this follow up, including for peer responses
View Full Description
Week 7 Forum Follow Up Activity
This week we are looking at the Black Codes and other laws that
were enacted after the Civil War to oppress and suppress African Americans and
prevent equality for people of color.
For the follow up. . . .
Review the website that explains the History of Racist Laws in America.
Pick one law listed on the website “History of Racist Laws
in America” and summarize the law for your peers. Do not limit yourself to
only laws against African Americans…any law that goes against an American’s
right for equality has a dramatic effect on the society as a whole.
You cannot pick the same
law that someone else has already covered. So in the title of your post you need to list the law and
the year. IF laws are duplicated, the first student to cover that law
will get the credit. Make sure you know which law was covered.
Read two other peers laws
and comment on the law.
any law that goes against an American’s right for equality
has a dramatic effect on the society as a whole.
The Japanese American encountered unfair racial
discrimination by the United States government under the executive order 9066
which forced them into prison camps during world war II. Out of fear they would
commit act of espionage and sabotage following the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Due
to their irrational fear that the Japanese were spies and going to sabotage
them. The executive order 9066 was created to make people feel safer in the West
coast though they discriminated against the Japanese. The Japanese were forced
to live in certain areas of the cities and had curfews of which they were not
supposed to break.
Many families had to sell their personal items and properties
to make sure that they had money because they had no idea of what they were
about to enter. All Japanese in the West coast were affected, because they were
all forced into an overcrowded assembly camps and then into internment camps
that were much like prison camps.