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Anirudh AnandMr. HuntU.S. History 8January 22, 2018Constitution Portfolio ProjectNews Article 1: “Vermont poised to enact legal pot through Legislature”-LegislatureThe Senate’s approval of recreational marijuana has made it so that “‘Tens of thousands of Vermonters will no longer feel like they’re committing a crime for their private, responsible use of marijuana'”, according to the Senate president, Tim Ashe. Vermont is the first in the country to legalize pot, not through a  referendum by voters, but as an act of the Legislature. The legalization laws of marijuana would allow adults of the age 21 and older to possess one ounce of marijuana along with “two mature marijuana plants or four immature plants”. Democratic State Senator Richard Sears, who has been working for years in the marijuana legislation presumes that the bill was an important first step, since the previous bill was vetoed due to its lack of protection for children from marijuana. However, Sears believes that “‘We’re not there yet until we see a tax and regulated system”‘. Aubree Adams, a worker with the group Moms Strong whose mission is to educate the world of the consequences of marijuana, imagines that the legalization in her state has “unintended consequences”.Article 1 section 1 of the Constitution grants “All legislative powers” to the “Congress of the United States”. The legislative branch of government includes a bicameral Congress “which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives”, in which make the laws that we abide by in our everyday lives. In the news article, “Vermont poised to enact legal pot through Legislature”, the Senate of Vermont has given approval to legalize marijuana, not through a referendum by voters. Although marijuana is legalized in Vermont, unlike Maine and Massachusetts, there are no tax and regulation structures. Both the Senate and the House of representatives may submit a proposal for a bill, however, only the House of Representatives can present new taxes. In December, says Senator Tim Ashe, a report including suggestions on how the tax system would be set up will be released to the public.News Article 2: “Teacher Questions pay raise for superintendent and gets arrested. Then the protest begin”-First Amendment Freedom of Speech During a School Board Meeting, Deyshia Hargrave, a teacher at Vermilion Parish, brought up the question: “Why was the superintendent getting a pay raise when teachers like her and other school employees hadn’t had one in years?”. Then, as superintendent Jerome Puyau began his reponse, a city marshal interrupted and commanded and forced the questioning teacher to exit the meeting. When a man announced that Hargrave was being handcuffed, the crowd rushed to the hallway, seeing Hargrave lying on the floor and handcuffed. Hargrave was arrested on terms of “remaining after being forbidden” and “resisting an officer”. Ike Funderburk, a city attorney and prosecutor finds “no criminal activity”, and he is “not going to prosecute somebody when I Funderburk find no criminal activity”. Anthony Fontana, the school board president, claims that “Hargrave was at fault”, for the board agenda did not include “discussing the issues of the contract”. The American Civil Liberties Union of Louisiana says that “Deyshia Hargrave’s expulsion from a public meeting and subsequent arrest are unacceptable and raise serious constitutional concerns,” for the Constitution does not allow the government to punish someone for expressing their views. The scenario depicted in the news article is a violation of the first amendment right of “freedom of speech”. News Article 3: “Supreme Court to Consider Challenge to Trump’s Latest Travel Ban”- Judicial Branch Donald Trump’s travel ban effort may be challenged by the Supreme court. The travel ban limits travel “from countries said to pose a threat to the nation’s security”, such as Iran, Libya, Syria, North Korea, Venezuela, and other countries from coming into the United States. Citizens from those counties cannot emigrate, work, vacation, or study here. In Hawaii, a Muslim group and many others challenged the ban on the Muslim nations, and stood before a three-judge panel of the “United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit”, in which came to a decision that President Trump has “exceeded the authority Congress had given him over immigration and had violated a part of the immigration laws barring discrimination in the issuance of visas”. The Appeal Court based its decision not on the Constitution’s disallowment of religious discrimination, but on immigration bills. They urged the Supreme Court to contemplate both constitutional and statutory questions, were they to hear the case. According to Article 3 Section 1 of the Constitution,”one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish”.  Among the Judicial Branch, there are twelve regional circuits, each of which consists of a court of appeals. The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rule that Trump’s travel ban exceeds the power given to him by Congress and that he has violated immigration laws regarding discrimination. News Article 4: “One year into Trump’s presidency, hundreds of key executive branch positions remain unfilled”-Executive BranchNews Article 5: “Trump Hands Out ‘Fake News Awards,’ Sans the Red Carpet”- 1st Amendment Freedom of Press President Trump has finally released the awaited “Fake News Awards”, complaining of the accuracy in reporting. At 5:00 PM on January 17, Mr. Trump tweeted “And the FAKE NEWS winners are…”, with a link attached to a page on “GOP.com, the Republican National Committee website”.The winners of the fake news awards are CNN, The New York Times, ABC, The Washington Post, Times and Newsweek. The Committee to Protect Journalists have placed Donald Trump among the many “world leaders who have gone out of their way to attack the press and undermine the norms that support freedom of the media”. As Amendment 1 says, there will be “free exercise thereof:…the press”. However, Trump’s Fake News Awards is crippling the media, for the American’s trust in journalism is tarnished. This undermines the freedom of press and allows propaganda to take over the media, for the people will not know who or what to believe, thus destroying our democracy. News Article 6: “Federal Judge says NSA phone program violates Fourth Amendment” In the article,”Federal Judge says NSA program violates the fourth Amendment,” Many people believe that the collection of personal data, phone numbers, and metadata to prevent terrorist attacks is a direct violation of the 4th Amendment. Edward Snowden leaked the Phone Records Program through Glenn Greenwald, whose stories uncovered the program. Judge Leon, an appointee to the D.C federal district court that ruled the 1970’s government data collection, now says that the “earlier ruling didn’t envision the scope of today’s technology”. Larry Klayman, a lawyer, accuses the government of sending text messages from his phone using this phone program. However, since the data collected is classified, Klayman was not able to prove that his records we being obtained. Judge Leon is convinced that the government is collecting everyone’s metadata, and that the government could have justified the program using evidence, but did not. Amendment 4 states, “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures”. Meaning, the government cannot search and seize our data from our phones, household, or ourselves without probable cause.The NSA is violating our right of privacy by searching our papers unreasonably without probable cause, for everyone’s data is collected, not just people associated with acts of terrorism. The news article demonstrates why the NSA is collecting the American’s data, and how they are violating our rights. The sacrifice of our privacy by the fourth amendment in the elusive chase of terrorists is a tradeoff that should not be made.Works Cited”Vermont Poised to Enact Legal Pot through Legislature.” The Washington Times, The Washington Times, 10 Jan. 2018, www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/10/vermont-poised-to-approve-recreational-marijuana/.