As he is not. Iago manipulates Roderigo, Brabantio and

As in many Shakespearean
plays, all characters are not what they seem. Many of the evil characters are
thought by others to be sincere and truthful. In William Shakespeare’s Othello,
Iago is a character that uses manipulation to deceive others into thinking that
he is sincere and truthful. But he is not. Iago manipulates Roderigo, Brabantio
and even his most loyal companion, Othello throughout the play, which is why
manipulation is central to the play.


Iago uses manipulation
to deceive Roderigo in the play. Iago knows that Roderigo desperately wants
Desdemona, the wife of Iago’s loyal companion, Othello. So Iago uses manipulation to
make Roderigo think that Cassio is better suited for Desdemona and that she
will eventually go to Cassio as he has “a fresh appetite” “sympathy in
years and manners” in which Othello “is defective in.” This makes Roderigo
jealous and so Iago takes the advantage to manipulate Roderigo into provoking
Cassio, so that Cassio will be fired and to have the citizens of Cyprus
complain about Cassio. Although Roderigo “have no devotion to
this deed,” he still offers to do what Iago tells him to do as is will
bring “opportunity” to Roderigo. Thus, through the manipulation of Roderigo,
Iago will benefit from it as he wants to take Cassio’s place. Manipulation
of Roderigo is clearly seen in the play and how and why Iago manipulates him is
very clear. Iago uses Roderigo by manipulating him. The whole play is based on
Iago’s sought for revenge on Othello and so the way he
manipulates Roderigo is also part of Iago’s plan, so is central
to the play. Although Roderigo finds out later that he has been deceived , the
manipulation of Roderigo enables us to understand human weaknesses towards our
desires. Roderigo desperately wants Desdemona and so he becomes vulnerable to
anything that could enable him to be with her. Iago demonstrates how easily it
is to manipulate those who are in a vulnerable state, like Roderigo. Thereby, manipulation
portrays the idea of how humans become weak when we desperately want something
and also shows how Shakespeare is trying to warn is to be aware of such

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Manipulation is also
seen when Iago tries to manipulate Brabantio when he finds out about Othello
and his daughter’s relationship. At the beginning of the ply, Iaog tells
Brabantio that the “moor” Othello, is sleeping with his daughter behind his back. Although
Desdemona truly loves Othello and the relationship is nothing but based on pure
and honest love, Iago uses imagery to manipulate Brabantio into thinking that
Othello has somehow lured Desdemona into the relationship. Iago does this by saying
that “and old black ram is tupping your white ewe” and also
mentions that Desdemona will be “covered with a Barbary horse.” Such imagery of
Othello being a “black ram” and a “barbray horse” shows how Iago uses animalistic imagery to try
and intice Brabantio into thinking that Othello is “evil.” Reference to
Othello as an animal enables Brabantio to imagine the “moor” sleeping with
his “white” and innocent daughter, and also depicts an inhumane lustful
animal. This helps Brabantio to place all the fault over Othello. This is
beneficial to Iago, as his intentions are to seek revenge on Othello, as
Othello chose Cassio over him. Brabantio is able to be easily fooled by Iago as
Desdemona is his daughter and she has deceived him. Also, Othello is a “moor”, which further
helps to manipulate Brabantio, as in Victorian society, those who were from a
different race were looked down upon by society. This shows who manipulation
can once again be easy if it involves anger. Brabantio is furious at Desdemona
but becomes more furious at Othello, as he had trust in Othello, as he is one
of the most highly regarded soldiers in Cyprus. Thus, Iago is able to succeed
once again, as Brabantio is able to be easily manipulated since Othello is a “moor.” This shows how
much people in Victorian society looked upon one’s race. Those who
looked different would be an outcast and the manipulation of Brabantio expresses
this idea. It also illustrates how Shakespeare tries to show how important it
was to be a part of society, as it would greatly help you to survive and to not
be looked down upon to stereotyped.


Iago also manipulates
Othello in the play, which is central to the play. Othello trust Iago and is
his loyal companion. However, Iago decides to seek revenge and to manipulate
Othello into thinking that his “pure” and innocent wife is having an affair with Cassio. Othello
does not believe that at first, but as Iago starts to manipulate him even
further, Othello has no choice but to believe everything Iago says. Othello
shows how his views on Desdemona changes as at first he refers her as “gentle Desdemona” and that even “is she were
false, o then heaven mocks itself, I’ll not believe it.” The very sight of her
is enough to restore Othello. However, later in the play, Desdemona is referred
to as a “whore” and he becomes confused on who to trust, “I think my wife
be honest and think she is not.” However, the trust and loyalty that Iago and Othello has,
outweighs othello’s love for Desdemona and this causes Othello to kill
innocent Desdemona. This shows how once again, Iago succeeds because of the
trust Othello has of him and because Iago has been loyal to Othello for a very
long time. This is how Othello is easily manipulated, even though we might
think that this is impossible. We would normally think that Othello would want
to trust his wife, but instead he listens to Iago, and only trusts him. This
trust and loyalty Othello has in Iago is what influences othello’s decisions and
actions and in the end, Iago’s success. Thus, manipulation is central to the play, as Iago’s main motive
was to revenge Othello and punish him from the beginning of the play and manipulate
him to believe that his wife is having an affair. Iago’s success enables
Shakespeare to show how even those whom we might trust, can easily fool us and deceive
us, like Iago does to Othello. Thus, through the manipulation of Othello,
Shakespeare warns us of the dangers of how human can easily manipulate each
other, no matter how much we trust them, as the trust can be used against one


In conlusion, the
manipulation is central to the play as a whole, as the character of Iago manipulates
many characters such as Roderigo, Brabantio and Othello, so that he can get
what he desires. This manipulation enables us to understand that messages
Shakespeare is trying to provide, which is why it is so important to the play.