Booker T. Washington is one of themost controversial individuals of color and black history. This is due to hisbeliefs that if blacks wanted to be accepted in society, they needed to go toschool and work to earn their rights. Inthis report, I’ll discuss Washington’s childhood, how he came to the belief,and how he contributed to the Civil Rights Movement. Booker Taliaferro Washington wasborn a slave in April of 1856. He was born in Virginia to a slave mother andwhite father, who he would never know. Booker and his family live in a roomcabin on the Burroughs family property. As a young slave he did chores on thefarm as many slave children did in those times.
In 1865, the slaves on the borroughsfarm learned that they were free. Booker later said “The EmancipationProclamation made us men instead of property”.1Months later Booker and his family moved with his stepfather in West Virginia.They still lived poorly and Booker and his brother worked in a salt mine alongwith their stepfather. Booker wanted to learn to read and write after seeing ayoung black man who came into town to read the newspaper every day. His momgave him a spelling book semicolon and he told himself the alphabet. Booker wasEagle to go to school but was for bed by his stepfather semicolon but they cameto an agreement so Booker could work and go to school. Booker went on to work for GeneralLewis and Viola Ruffner.
He became very close with Miss Mrs. Ruffner. Helearned a lot from her; that everything had to be neat and done a certain way.This was who Booker learned his OCD ways from. She also taught Booker how toread and encouraged Booker to start saving books for his own Library. Bookerwent on to work for Mrs.
Ruffner on and off period while working at a coalmine, he overheard some miners speak about the Hampton normal and agriculturalInstitute in Virginia. Book of Shirley made it to HamptonInstitute. He worked as a janitor and was an above-average student. Hegraduated early and decided he wanted to be a teacher. Booker returned back toMalden to teach.
It wasn’t long before he was asked to teach that HamptonInstitutes. He started a night school and was very successful. He left Hamptonsoon after. Victor went on to start his ownCollege in Tuskegee Alabama. He had to work hard and diligence get it on itsfeet. With many donations and labor done by the students, Tuskegee Instituteopened in 1881. The school was ran like Hampton Institute semicoloncleanliness, uniform inspections, students had to brush their teeth, and havetheir hair combed. However, overtime the curriculum would change allowing studentsto learn more trade skills.
Booker was asked to speak at theAtlantic arts and exhibition in 1895. In his speech, Booker encouraged blacksand whites to work together semicolon benefiting their races and the economy: The speech was widely received bythe audience. However Booker speech to see backlash from many Northern activistwho disagreed with his theory; many who still believed African Americans hadequal rights as whites and one of those rights right then. This brought an even further dividedin the country. There were violent incidents happening and through it allWashington remained diligent.
He would quietly fight in justices for people ofcolor semicolon thumb he was successful at and others would not so successful.He enjoyed his own and justices at this time semicolon which helps him tobecome more vocal of the Injustice is done to blacks. With all that Washingtonhave going on he remains faithful to Tuskegee Institute up until his death in1915. His life Legacy was to show that people of color could achieve and obtainGreat Character and a better life through not only academic education semicolonbut just as important, agricultural education. Blackfoot live better lives bybeing more self-reliant and grow businesses.
In my opinion, Booker T Washingtonwas ahead of his time. I think he knew that America would never truly be equalfor African American semicolon so he was giving them an opportunity to easilyget education and skills to better themselves. And bettering themselves, otherraces with me their business and they make a living for themselves and theirfamilies. However, many people opposed this idea. The influence Booker T Washingtonhad on the Civil Rights Movement was his legacy of education, and to fight(non-violent) with your character. The Civil Rights Movement was about makingchange semicolon but doing it with dignity and showing that blacks just wantedthe same freedoms as the whites served as a challenge.
A challenge Booker wasready to take on. In conclusion, Booker T Washington to be aleader for the black community semicolon and was one of the most controversialleaders as well. He believed if given a chance blacks would benefit not onlythemselves but the American economy as well.
1 Schraff,Anne E. Booker T. Washington: “character is power”. BerkeleyHeights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2006. P16