Canadahas a global reputation of being a country that takes pride in its ability toprovide equal opportunities and inclusivity for citizens of all age. Currently,the Liberal Party of Canada holds the majority of the seats in the House ofCommons, and their platform promises to give all citizens a chance at achievingpersonal and financial success (Trudeau, n.d.). One method to improve thesocial and economic conditions of citizens is to ensure equal access to EarlyChildhood Education (ECE).
The current Canadian government supports thisviewpoint, and on November 20th, 2017, Justin Trudeau went on record statingthat, “The Government of Canada is committed to making sure our children havethe best possible start in life” (Statement by the Prime Minister on NationalChild Day, 2017). Although many steps are being taken to ensure this progress, preschool programs are very expensive andin 2017 only 58% of children in Canada between the ages of two and four wereable to attend an education program (Evans, 2017). Moving forward, it isessential to ensure that preschool programs are informative and equallyaccessible to all families and children regardless of their socio-economicstatus. Greater investments in ECE for children from low-income families willprovide both social and economic benefits for Canada, by reducing income andgender inequality and thereby increasing the development of a more skilled anddiverse workforce. This paper will explore how ECE programs reduce incomeinequality by helping children develop specific cognitive skills which arecritical for future financial stability. It will then move forward to discusshow ECE programs reduce gender inequality by providing support that many womenneed to enter the labour market.
Lastly, the major barriers of investing intoECE programs for low-income families will be identified, and preventativemeasures that can be taken to ensure their social and economic success will bediscussed.