Children minor. These acts consist of nonconsensual and inappropriate

 Children 18 years and younger are five times more likely to be sexually assaulted than adults (Rimer, P., & Prager, B. 2016). Child sexual abuse is a crime that is very prevalent in society but is highly underreported, suppressed and instils shame on sexual assault survivors. Sixty percent of all reported sexual assault cases were against children (Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. 2001). It is important for every individual to be knowledgeable on all the negative impacts that are associated with child sexual abuse to avoid contributing to the feelings of shame and guilt. Well-informed individuals can help the survivors healing process as a result of their better understanding of the many difficulties survivors are faced with. They will be able to provide and refer survivors to the right kind of help needed to overcome the experience, and believe the emotions and feelings they are facing are valid. Child sexual abuse is defined as an individual using power over a child, and engaging in nonconsensual sexual acts with a minor. These acts consist of nonconsensual and inappropriate touching, genital stimulation, oral sex, sexual harassment, exposing a child to pornography, and sexual exploitation just to name a few (Rimer, P. et al. 2016). The abuse can transpire intra-familial in other words within the family by someone who is well trusted and known. This is most common in child sexual abuse cases as 95% of survivors know their perpetrator. The second way is outside of the family, typically by a stranger. This is defined as extra-familial and is most common in adolescent and adult cases. The effects of child sexual abuse varies depending on the severity of the abuse encountered. Sexual abuse is a traumatizing experience that makes an abused individual feel powerless thus creating many personal obstacles. Child sexual abuse has several short and long term negative affects on an individual behaviourally, psychologically, and socially.
Behaviour Impacts
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has many negative behavioural impacts on survivors throughout their whole lives. Behaviours a child expresses are sexualized behaviours with other children, engaging in inappropriate sexual play, and experiencing regressive behaviours. Typically thumb sucking or bed wetting. Generally an abused individual can experience personality changes by becoming withdrawn, they over seek attention and affection, and have trust issues (Rimer. P. et al. 2016). Adult survivors engage in high sexual risk-taking and self destructive behaviours as a coping strategy to emotionally avoid the distress. These types of behaviours have long term effects on an individual. Risk factors for over sexualized behaviours include sexually transmitted infections (STI’s), teenage pregnancy, early engagement in sexual activities, engaging in a lot of consensual unprotected sex with multiple sex partners, and prostitution. These are considered to be an indirect form of self-injurious behaviours or SIB, which are negative coping strategies including self-harm or self-abuse. Seventy-five percent of adolescents who have been sexually abused use SIB as a coping mechanism (Fredlund, C., Carl, G. S., Priebe, G., Jonsson, L., & Wadsby, M. 2017). These behaviours may put survivors at risk for later revictimization. Studies have shown that survivors of child sexual abuse are between 2 and 11 times more likely to be sexually assaulted in adulthood (Messman-Moore, T. L., Walsh, K. L., & DiLillo, D. 2010). Survivors view their body as damaged and has no value. This increases the risk of engaging in sexual activity and prostitution as the sexual assault made their body feel as an item and feel disconnected from bodily sensations. Many sell their bodies to fulfill their need for love and affection. Seventy-six percent of prostitutes have a history of CSA (Little Warriors, n.d). During adolescence survivors are at a higher risk of getting STI’s from engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with multiple partners in attempt to mask the feelings and memories from CSA. They are two and a half times more likely to become pregnant than those who were not sexually assaulted (Lalor, K., & McElvaney, R. 2010). *Finally survivors who view sex as being related to power use it as a method of control. They tend to use sex, sexual language and behaviours as a defence by manipulating others to meet personal needs, revenge and to feel safe. All these behaviours can be dangerous and concerning as they can create further complications that can last a lifetime.