COMPANY REPORT ON
B.COM (HONS) 2016- 2019
Under supervision of Dr. ANJALI MUNDE
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of commerce (honors) at AMITY COLLEGE OF COMMERCE
AND FINANCEAMITY UNIVERSITY, UTTAR PRADESH
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION AND HISTORY
PORTER`S 5 FORCES
Title of NTCC:
Company Report On Reliance
That the work presented for assessment in this NTCC report is my own,
that it has not previously been presented for any other assessment and that my
debts ( for word, data , arguments and ideas) have been appropriately
That the work conforms to the guidelines for presentation and style set
out in the relevant documentation.
B.COM (HONS) 2016- 2019
is to certify that The Company Report on “RELIANCE
INDUSTRIES LTD.” by Pawan Kumar was conducted under
my supervision and it constitutes his work.
Prof (Dr.) Sujata Khandai Dr. Anjali Munde
Limited (RIL) is an Indian combination holding organization headquartered in
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Reliance claims organizations crosswise over India
occupied with vitality, petrochemicals, materials, characteristic assets, retail,
and media communications. Reliance is the most beneficial organization in
India, the biggest traded on an open market organization in India by advertise
capitalization, and the second biggest organization in India as estimated by
income after the legislature controlled Indian Oil Corporation. The
organization is positioned 215th on the Fortune Global 500 rundown of the
world’s greatest partnerships starting at 2016. It is positioned eighth among
the Top 250 Global Energy Companies by Platts starting at 2016. Reliance keeps
on being India’s biggest exporter representing 8% of India’s aggregate stock
fares with an estimation of ?147,755 crore and access to business sectors
in 108 countries. Reliance is in charge of very nearly 5% of The Government of
India’s aggregate incomes from traditions and extract obligation and is
additionally the most astounding Income citizen in the private area in India.
The organization was
helped to establish by Dhirubhai Ambani and his sibling Ramnikbhai Ambani in
1960s as Reliance Commercial Corporation. In 1965, the association finished and
Dhirubhai proceeded with the polyester business of the firm. In 1966, Reliance
Textiles Industries Pvt Ltd was fused in Maharashtra. It set up a manufactured
textures process around the same time at Naroda in Gujarat. In 1975, the
organization extended its business into materials, with “Vimal”
turning into its real image in later years. The organization held its Initial
public offering (IPO) in 1977. The issue was over-bought in by seven times. In
1979, a textiles organization Sidhpur Mills was amalgamated with the
organization. In 1980, the organization extended its polyester yarn business by
setting up a Polyester Filament Yarn Plant in Raigad, Maharashtra with money related
and specialized coordinated effort with E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Co., U.S.
In 1985, the name of
the organization was changed from Reliance Textiles Industries Ltd. to Reliance
Industries Ltd. Amid the years 1985 to 1992, the organization extended its
introduced limit with respect to creating polyester yarn by more than 145,000 tons
for each annum.
petrochemical plant was dispatched in 1991– 92.
In 1993, Reliance
swung to the abroad capital markets for stores through a worldwide depositary
issue of Reliance Petroleum. In 1996, it turned into the main private segment
organization in India to be evaluated by global FICO assessment offices.
S&P evaluated Reliance “BB+, stable viewpoint, obliged by the
sovereign roof”. Moody’s evaluated “Baa3, Investment review,
compelled by the sovereign roof”.
In 1995/96, the
organization entered the telecom business through a joint wander with NYNEX,
USA and advanced Reliance Telecom Private Limited in India.
In 1998/99, RIL
presented bundled LPG in 15 kg barrels under the brand name Reliance Gas.
The years 1998– 2000
saw the development of the coordinated petrochemical complex at Jamnagar in
Gujarat, the biggest refinery on the planet.
2001 on wards
In 2001, Reliance
Industries Ltd. and, Reliance Petroleum Ltd. turned into India’s two biggest
organizations as far as all major budgetary parameters. In 2001– 02, Reliance
Petroleum was converged with Reliance Industries. In 2002, Reliance declared
India’s greatest gas revelation (at the Krishna Godavari basin) in almost three
decades and one of the biggest gas disclosures on the planet amid 2002. The set
up volume of petroleum gas was in abundance of 7 trillion cubic feet, equal to
around 1.2 billion barrels of unrefined petroleum. This was the primary ever
disclosure by an Indian private area organization. In 2002– 03, RIL bought a dominant
part stake in Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd. (IPCL), India’s second
biggest petrochemicals organization, from Government of India. IPCL was later
converged with RIL in 2008. In the years 2005 and 2006, the organization
revamped its business by demerging its interests in control age and
appropriation, money related administrations and media transmission
administrations into four separate elements. In 2006, Reliance entered the
composed retail advertise in India with the dispatch of its retail location
arrange under the brand name of ‘Reliance Fresh’. Before the finish of 2008,
Reliance retail had near 600 stores crosswise over 57 urban areas in India. In
November 2009, Reliance Industries issued 1:1 bonus shares to its investors. In
2010, Reliance entered Broadband administrations showcase with obtaining of
Infotel Broadband Services Limited, which was the main fruitful bidder for dish
India fourth-age (4G) range sell off held by Government of India. Around the
same time, Reliance and BP reported an association in the oil and gas business.
BP took a 30 for each penny stake in 23 oil and gas creation sharing contracts
that Reliance works in India, including the KG-D6 obstruct for $7.2 billion.
Reliance additionally framed a 50:50 joint venture with BP for sourcing and
promoting of gas in India. In 2017, RIL set up a joint venture with Russian
Company Sibur for setting up a Butyl elastic plant in Jamnagar, Gujarat to be
operational by 2018.
Growth Is Life
Through sustainable measures, create value for the
nation, enhance quality of life across the entire socio-economic spectrum and
help spearhead India as a global leader in the domains where we operate.
Political environment: The business of oil and oil needs labor to work
with and they need to pay the assessments and different charges, which are
collected over it. The business need to take after the tax collection approach,
execute work laws in industry, exchange limitations, political dependability in
the nation, natural laws and duties. The administration gives the merchandise
and enterprises to this industry and encourages it to prosper with the goal
that it can contribute in solid economy of the nation. As a huge number of
individuals are related with this business, so they have to authorize
legitimate work law with appropriate working hour and the wages strategy to
improve bliss and prosperity of the work. In additionally authorizes the
business for the arrangement of well being, training offices alongside
framework to the group.
Economic: The seeking of oil has left awesome effect on the
economies of the nations, where it is found and refined. The OPEC nations have
earned parcel of riches through the offer of oil and oil to different nations
as it is essential for various residential and business utilize. Oil is
extricated from its stores display in the ground and it is refined for use at
last items. The oil business comprises of investigation of oil and upstream in
the creation business and the downstream refinery industry.
The economic factors have the impact of the free
market activity of the oil costs alongside supplementary products, substitute
assets and the swapping scale of American dollar in the market. The utilization
of petroleum in the petrochemical business, which demonstrates the aggregate
oil request of around 10% and this industry makes diverse items like engineered
elastic, cleansers, plastics, paints, bug sprays, pharmaceuticals, mist
concentrates, cements, manufactured fiber and some more.
Social: The social factor in the oil and oil industry
demonstrates the demography, pay movement, religion, culture, and ideological
perspectives on the issues. The gifted and expert specialists work in this
segment and they get great wages and the
unwinding working hours. The nations need to have
oil and gas industry, with the goal that they can meet their future requests
and it can help them to raise their expectations for everyday comforts.
The oil business got changes the lives of the
general population. There is no culture, which is against the investigation of
oil and individuals like the oil business as it is fundamental for their
advancement and welfare. A few people surmise that it
is extraordinary wellspring of contamination, which
is influencing nature yet they can’t prevent the significance from securing
this industry. They believe that legislature ought to force restriction on
formation of contamination and begin law for contamination decrease.
Technological: When we talk about the technological factor, it
implies these are about various advancements, methods and the routes than can
influence the exercises, which are being attempted in an association. It can
likewise impact the association with the need to get current innovation, learn
new systems and utilize diverse techniques. Such most recent advances are
utilized for the investigation of oil and gas and utilize streets, pipelines,
transport and oil tanks. The second advancements are utilized as a part of offering
assurance to condition, laborers, and upgrade the productivity of
administration with the utilization of new programming and equipment and
improve their keeping up and repairing abilities. This industry is working for
the correlative items, similar to ships, vehicles, planes, petrochemicals
including manufactured elastic, engineered filaments, and different items.
Presently the substitute enterprises are presented like biomass industry,
atomic industry, petroleum gas, coal industry, sustainable power source assets
and atomic industry. With the advancement of other vitality assets, the
utilization of oil and oil are presently deserted.
Environmental: The geographic position of the oil stores and
refinery has incredible effect on the action of the oil organizations. The most
recent report of OPEC demonstrates that the majority of the common oil and oil
is delivered in the nations like Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, Russia, US,
Venezuela, Iran, Canada, UAE, Nigeria, China, Qatar, Algeria, Mexico and numerous
increasingly and they need to confront the catastrophic events of tremors,
earthquakes, sand storms, hurricanes, cyclones, snow storm, tsunami, hot
temperature and volcanic eruption and such occurrences influenced the monetary
circumstance in the nation.
At the point when the financial specialists make
their interest in the oil and oil industry, they ought to comprehend full scale
condition. It is important to utilize oil and oil in the business yet the
utilization of oil and gas items remain vital, so the administration and
concerned offices ought to guarantee strict controls for the utilization of oil
and gas to battle with the negative impacts of oil and gas industry. They
should outline the structure to use these assets in preventive and safe way.
Legal: In the legal factors, the arrangement of laws, rules
and controls of concerned division governments and the worldwide associations
and groups including European Union, African Union, North American Free Trade
Agreement, ASEAN are incorporated. The legitimate factor impacts the
investigation, misuse, and the commercialization of oil items. This industry
needs to confront some lawful positions like work control, work security,
social assurance, rivalry direction, contamination, global exchange and
purchaser insurance. The industry has to pay the subsidies, taxes for fuels and
ANALYSIS OF THE SECTOR
PORTER’S 5 FORCE MODEL
ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT SECTORS
& PRODUCTION INDUSTRY
TO NEW ENTRANTS: The oil industry is
protected by high barriers to entry; therefore, the threat of new entrants is
almost nonexistent. Huge amount of capital expenditure is necessary to perform
the activities of major oil companies and large amount of fixed cost are required.
POWER: The price of crude oil is determined
on a global level by the law of supply and demand. The price of oil is the spot
price of light crude as traded on the NYMEX. Consumers’ willingness to pay is
the is the only power buyers have.
POWER: Suppliers are for the most part
oil-rich nations, hardware and pipeline makers, and oil-field administrations.
Oil-delivering nations haggling power is apparent with regards to conceding
oil-field-concession rights to global organizations. In parallel, oil
organizations, because of their size and volume they purchase apply much
control over their providers of hardware and administrations, which are
generally little and not solidified.
AND COMPLEMENTS: Oil is as yet a crucial
product, particularly in transportation and industry. A few substitutes exist:
coal, gaseous petrol and inexhaustible. Regardless, these substitutes are
either excessively dirty(coal) or too dangerous (nuclear energy), so in the
short run they can’t thoroughly supplant oil. In long run, they are probably
going to be substitutes for oil.
RIVALRY: High contention between existing
contenders can confine industry benefit contingent upon the opposition force
and premise. Significant oil and gas organizations are generally equivalent in
size, power and capacities. This builds the force of contention which can show
itself in a value war if a contender tries to impact costs.
SWOT ANALYSIS OF
RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD.
is one of the greatest players in India
2.Strong brand name
of Reliance Industries
position and strong profitability
4.One of the couple
of Indian organizations to be included in Forbes
5.Employs more than
6. The organization
has business spread crosswise over oi, retail, telecom and so forth
7. Solid promoting
and advertising through TVCs, print, online advertisements, boards and so forth
Industries has been perceived through a few honors
concentration towards comprehensive development and furthermore inclusion in
and ONGC had issues in regards to the Krishna Godavari bowl investigation
means limited market share growth
for oil-based commodities is an enormous open door for Reliance Industries
2.Buyout of rivalry
to fortify its position
3. Expanding number
of industries and vehicles in India is an enormous open door and potential for
4. Tie-ups with
worldwide oil organizations can support business for Reliance Industries
directions and strict rules can upset operations
can lessen Reliance Industries’ piece of the pie
and NGOs against oil exploration can influence business
DEFINITION of ‘BCG Growth Share Matrix’
A planning tool that uses graphical representations
of a company’s products and services in an effort to help the company decide
what it should keep, sell or invest more in. The BCG growth share matrix plots
a company’s offerings in a four square matrix, with the y-axis representing
rate of market growth and the x-axis representing market share. The BCG growth
share matrix was developed by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) in the 1970s.
The BCG growth share matrix breaks down products
into four categories: dogs, cows, stars and “unknown”. If a company’s product has
low market share and is in a low rate of growth market, it is considered a
“dog” and should be sold off. Products that are in low growth areas but which
the company has a large market share are considered “cows”, meaning that the
company should “milk” the “cash cow” for as long as it can. Products that are
both in high growth markets and make up a sizeable portion of that market are
considered “stars”, and should be invested in more. Questionable opportunities
are those in high growth rate markets, but in which the company doesn’t
maintain a large market share. Products in this quadrant are to be analyzed
MATRIX OF RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD.
Reliance industries targets to among top 20
companies in the world. It aspires to a leader in clean and affordable energy
and global player in all businesses it operates in, driven by technology.