Darren ZhuMr. Aaron MarHumanities 7-118 January 2018Vladimir as a Soviet LeaderEven though the Soviet Union, during its lifespan, gained a devastatingly large death poll, and Stalin who made citizens suffer and processed massacres for his own power and greed. Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov, also known as Lenin, should still be recognized for the superior choices he made, such as overthrowing the miserable Russian Empire, and improving the living quality for millions. Lenin overthrew the corrupt and inferiorly ruthless Russian Empire, and saved the civilians facing starvation.
The Russian Empire of Romanov Rule lasted for nearly three centuries. People are uneducated, the poor peasants and factory workers became poorer, and the rich aristocrats and land owners only became richer. In 1881, revolutionaries killed king Alexander the II. Afterwards, his successor Alexander the III became very aware of this crisis. His Intelligence Agencies actively tried to find revolutionaries, and arrested them before they had a chance to kill the King. In one of those cases, Alexandr Ulyanov was leading a group of Revolutionaries, seeking the king’s death, and they were arrested.
The king’s terms were that if he says that he is sorry for his actions, he would be spared of all punishments. And unsurprisingly, Alexandr Refused, so he was hanged. That was that biggest motivation for Vladimir, with his brother dead, he joined the revolutionaries and took the same path as his brother, which then caused him to be exiled for 16 years. Back in the Russian Empire, Alexander the III died at the age of forty-nine, and his son Nicolai the II became the King. He was twenty-nine years old, definitely old enough to rule, but he grew up without struggle, resulting that he was too inexperienced to rule. In 1904-1905 Russia had war with Japan, and came to a tremendous loss, with 150,000 soldiers dead, the public was no longer confident that Nicolai the II can rule the country. Citizen protesters gathered to protest for simple needs like more food or better working environment, and they were all gunned down by Nicolai’s Guards.
World War One was also a significant impact to the Russian Empire, rather than giving the military control to his experienced generals, Nicolai the II gave himself the military control. There was a huge shortage in supply and weapons, and no strategy at all in the war, resulting in three million deaths. Meanwhile, the agriculture is damaged as peasants are forced to join the army, and started a food shortage. This made the situation even worse, as the working condition kept decreasing, and the starvation kept increasing, the revolution began.
In the February Revolution, Nicolai II abdicates and ends three hundred years of Romanov rule. The members of the state assembly, the State Duma formed a provisional government, who shared power with the Petrograd Soviets, a worker and soldier elected council. The Petrograd Soviet was controlled by the Marxist Menshevik Party, and the Revolutionary Socialist Party, they have control over the army, transportation, and communication. However, they still decided to continue the war against Germany and Austria-Hungary, supporting the Allies. This resulted the Bolshevik Party to gain much more power, and in November, when Lenin came back to Russia, The Bolsheviks has gain a respectable amount of power. The October revolution took place in November of 1917, Lenin came to power, he immediately demanded redistribution of land from rich land owners to peasants, and successfully transferred the power from the provisional government to the people’s soviets. The Bolsheviks program was summed up to the slogan “Bread! Peace! Land!”. This again goes to how much people suffered during the Romanov and Menshevik rule, they just wanted bread, peace and land.
When Lenin finally claimed victorious in 1920, defeating the other parties and removed Nicolai’s family, two million soldiers died, and nine million more civilians died of starvation and disease. And if Lenin has not restored peace, the provisional government would keep their power, and support the aristocrats. The peasants would only starve further if it was not for Lenin who would rule and followed the Marxist ideology to distribute the property and restore the economy. Lenin dramatically improved the living quality for millions of Russian citizens, including the introduction of the New Economic Policy.
His noble decisions to introduce the New Economic Policy, repaired the soviet economy, kept the big industries under state control to make sure the products are produced with quality, and even allowed small private businesses to be ran. Unlike the Aristocracies before, even the poorest workers had equal rights, support in resources, and the opportunity to work in their desired jobs, create their own industries, or join the Bolshevik party. Not only did he distribute all the land and resources equally to everyone, he opened education to the working class, and the literacy rate from only one sixth of the population all the way to 85% of the population. Lenin also was extremely against antisemitism, he allowed Jewish people to rise to the highest offices for both state and party. Lenin died the 21st of January in the year 1924, he wrote a testament to remove Stalin from office, due to Stalin and Leon Trotsky’s escalating conflict, Lenin decided that Leon Trotsky is a better fit to run the country.
Blah Blah Blah Stalin Bad Lenin Good Quote Lenin’s Testament Some people may say that Lenin was cruel and only wanted to murder his opposition.