During theperiod of the Weimar republic the Germans were victims of both political unrestand economic instability. There were many murders, rebellions and riots againstthe Weimar government in the years instantly after the first world war, thisthreatened the Weimar republic. Between 1919 to 1922, there were over 350 politicalassassinations in Germany, mostly carried out by ring-wing extremists. WolfgangKapp, a right-wing politician and journalist gathered around 5000 men, mainly policeand ex-soldiers and took over the capital Berlin. Fortunately, less than 100 hoursas Germany’s leader, Kapp fled abroad. In March 1920, after the left-wing workersin the industrial Ruhr stayed on strike.
The 1923 crisis began when Germany missed areparations payment. This was also a great threat for Germany. French and Belgian troopsmarched into the Ruhr, a rich and industrial area of Germany and took controlof every factory, mine and railway in the region. They also took food and goodsfrom shops and arrested any Germans who stood up to them. The German governmentordered its workers in the Ruhr to go on a strike.
The German governmentcontinued to pay the workers while they were on strike. Coal and iron was thecountry’s main source of income. Since the workers weren’t working the German governmentafford to pay the workers anymore. Consequently, they printed large amounts ofmoney to pay striking workers and to pay the money they owed to France andBelgium. This caused Hyperinflation which impacted the Germany people critically.As workers spent money in the shops, shopkeepers began to increase theirprices.
Subsequently, the government printed even more money to help the workersbuy products, so shops increased their prices again. Soon prices were inflatingand money had no value. Hyperinflation led to many uprisings as groups struggled to take power from Weimar.
To fight the rebellions the German government needed money and thus continuedto print money.