Electricity is an essential element for modern life.Every developed country has made electricity their primary concern.Government of Bangladesh also is trying to make electricity more available to people.So,they are trying to build rampal power plant in this process.But its possible impact on environment has drawn everyone’s concern.Rampal power plant is a coal based thermal power plant.Power Development Board of Bangladesh is working on this project with the help of National Thermal Power Company of India.such power plant is moderately efficient,though it will be more efficient than the present ones in our country.This power plant is being built in Rampal of Bagerhaut district.This project will be very near Sundarbans which is in south-east of the country.Sundarban is a forest which is of great importance to us.It is the largest mangrove forest in the world.It is declared a world heritage by UNESCO.It is home to animals,plants,fishes,birds of many diversities.This is being said that this power plant wll have huge effect on this forest.To produce electricity in this power plant millions of tonnes of coal will be required every year.To get such amount of coal millions of tons of trees will be burnt.This coal will be burnt in boiler.Heat will be produced from the boiler.This heat will produce steam.This steam will drive turbine and produce electricity.For completing the working cycle,the boiler will be needed to cool first.To cool the boiler, river and canal water will be used.This water will have temperature which will have higher than natural water.This water will contain Arsenic,Mercury,Chromium not to mention thousands of tons of ash and sludge.Hence,riverwater will lose its fertility and habitats of fishes will be destroyed.Burning coal will create CO2,SO2 etc.which will cause air pollution.These gases cause acid rain which burns plants and damages lands.Thousands of acres of agricultural lands will be destroyed.Due to Ecologically Critical Area(ECA) rules no thermal power plant should be set up within 12 km of safe zone whereas this project is only 4 km away from safe zone.Sundarban is an icon of Bangladesh.Its a pride of our country.This power plant project will badly affect this forest.So,authorities concerned should take necessary measurements to provide protection from this deadly project.
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