Final Year –B. Tech Information Technology Sri Sairam Engineering College West Tambaram Chennai 600044 ABSTRACT-Generally, Safety of women, childrenand or the elderly is always questionable . There is no automatic Process toinitiate help. In the proposed work, the General Heart Beat is measured andMonitored using Embedded Hardware and Alert is created in case of anyEmergency. As a modification, an Android Application is developed and is usedto track the location of the affected girls.
The HB sensor is used to monitor heartbeat rate of the girl. If the range is changed drastically from the normal condition,an immediate Alert is sent to the server which in turn is sent to Parents andor to the nearest police station, whocan also track the location of the girl using GPS. We also include voice calling to the parents incase of parents not being unnoticed of the message. We will obtain normal photoof the user, in case of emergency (harassment) both normal profile photo of theuser as well as run time photo captured through the camera is also sent asemail to the parents.
Index Terms—Authentication, HBSensor, Notifications, Smartphone, User Behaviour, Biometrics, Progressive Authentication,Implicit Authentication.I INTRODUCTIONSmartphones are no longer the devices that are used only to make calls or send text messages. Acting as pocket PCs, smartphones can be used to deal with complicated tasks such as Sending or receivinge-mails, shopping, mobile payment, etc. Screen locker is a fundamental utilityfor smart phones toPrevent the device from unauthorized use. One of the greatest concerns is the possibility ofbreach in security and privacy if the device is seized by an outside party.
Classical screen lockers have been proposed long time back. Themost widely used one is (1) Slide-to-Unlockwherein the user can unlock his/her phone by sliding his finger across adefined trajectory. This method is too simple to protect user’s privacy.(2)PIN, the most common method used by traditionaldigital device. However, due to the relatively small screen and frequentunlocking request, it is inconvenient to set long and complex PIN on phones.For example, there are only four numbers allowed to be set as unlocking PIN .Sucha short and simple PIN can often be easily guessed .
(3) The user canpre-define a graphical password, like connecting at least four circles shown inthe screen. Being similar to the PIN, simple graphic passwords are easy to bepeeked and guessed, while the complex pattern may confuse the user and makeinconvenience.As much as these devices have gained in popularity, thesecurity of these devices continues to be a major concern formanufacturers and users alike. Notjust to simply concentrate on Phone Unlocking, Instead this can be used as apart of imparting safety measures to girls/children /elderly people. With the numberof criminal acts towards women increasing at such an appalling rate, it isevident that a method is required from the technical community to amelioratethesituation.
II IN DETAIL Involvesthe design and development of an AndroidApplication that is used totrack the location of the affected girl and rescue the affected at the earliest.The HB sensor is used to monitor the pulse rate of the girls. If therange of the Heart bate rate ischanged drastically from the normal condition an immediate Alert is sent to theserver ,which in turn is sent to the Parents from the Girls Mobile itself .Parents can track the location of the girl using GPS and automatically GoogleMap is initiated in Parents, also it will send an alert to the nearest hospitalor Police Station in case of parameters turning to abnormality. Themobile numbers of the intern person will be stored in the database. Each internperson will be provided with the authentication, using which, they can access their respective mobile application.
Thenthe intern person either being the Police or the Guardians or both will trackthe location of the girl using GPS and they will take the remedial action forthe needy with minimum response time.III MOTIVATIONA . Preface 2013 stated that35 percent of women around the world have been victims of violence towardswomen.The police are not able to help, as information about the crime does notreach them in time, if at all.With the adventof Technology ,there have been developed a number of good counter measures ,butnone of them have been instantaneous. Here the proposed system allows the girl/victim toget instant help based on the criticalityof their situation through an intelligentmobile application. B.
Design objectiveFirst ofall ,the application allows its users, who are being provided with their ownlogin id ‘s and passwords ,to register two patterns . One being the EMMERGENCYPATTERN and the other One being the PHONE UNLOCKING pattern which is added as afeature to distinguish their working that is based on hand waving methodology. Herewe use some intelligent data miningtechniques such as Simple Vector Machines to capture different handshakes.Onapplying the emergency pattern, the communication begins and rescue plan getsexecuted. On theother hand, the heart beat sensor is attached to the body of the user, isenabled to automatically initiate the emergency signal, which gets triggered bythe abnormal values as read by the HB sensor. IV OBJECTIVE OF THIS INITIATIVE:To develop a mobileandroid based app that will help in rescuing people at the earliest, therebysaving lives.
The idea can also beused in monitoring the security of elderly people as well.The major objective ofthis project is to “Provide help at the earliest” and to ensurethe safety of women. V PROBLEM DEFINITION: Thesafety of women ever remained as a biggest challenge in India and in othercountries too.Many preventive measures have beentaken by the government to stop these misbehaving activities but still has notaffected the growing rate of these crimes and has remained less effective. Themajor issue in the handling of these kind of cases by the police lies in constraints thatprevent them from responding quickly to calls of distress. These constraints include notknowing the location of the crime, and not knowing whether the crime is actuallyoccurring or not at all. Similarly at the victim’s end, reaching the policeassuredly and discreetly is a challenge.
In order to overcome these constraints,this paper introduces a mobile application that provides women with a reliableway to place an emergency call to the police. Weall should focus on ensuring a society which is secure for all the women aroundthe globe so that they can experience equality and justice. So it is primitiveto provide an application which helps the women to tackle this problem rapidlyand efficiently. The user caneasily and discreetly trigger the emergency function by shaking her phone, orautomatically when the heartbeat values reaches abnormal ranges.
This paperdescribes the application, its development, and its technical implementation .Alsoit emphasises on the distinct features of the proposed system and how itovercomes the demerits of its counterparts. Thus it is evident that thesereasons motivated us to develop a more efficient mobile application with heartbeat sensor and Bluetooth device ,that can provide help at the earliest.VI FRAME WORK: The developed application is to beinstalled on the user’s android mobile phone.The initial screen consist of the user registration Process where the user hasto register her basic details such as name, blood group, date of birth,residential address and guardians contact details. The second module being the patternregistration ,where 2 distinct patterns have to be registered by the user.
Thereason for implementing two distinct hand waving patterns is simply todifferentiate their working behaviour . Thepatterns being :· PHONEUNLOCKING PATTERN · EMERGENCYSUPPORT PATTERN An unlocking Pattern like the one shownbelow can be registered.A slightly different pattern for Rescue operations canbe registered. LEFTà 1RIGHTà3FORWARDà4BACKWARDà2 The third module deals with the actionsthat take place during distress and are triggered both automatically as well asmanually, in order to accustom the situation.
The help has to be initiated onlywhen the severity of the situation demands. Thus in support of the abovestatement, both methods of help are considered. Further LIVE TRACKING is an added functionality that when activated on theguardian’s phone ,can continuously track the location of their daughters.
a) Theautomatic help is triggered when : HEART BEAT RATE reaches abnormality–which is induced at the time of any harassment /assault. And the following gets initiated all ata time ,irrespective of the severity level: § GPSlocation of the victim is initiated and converted to a URL and that is sent asa message to the contacts mentioned during the registration ,which may include police,gaurdian,ambulance/hospitalcontact details. § Theaudio/voice of the (victim) currentsituation is recorded and uploaded to the server.
A link is created and sent as SMS to theregistered numbers, in order to let the concerned people know about the seriousness of the situation. § Therun time image as well as the normal photo of the victim which is required toconfirm the identity of the person to be rescued ,is taken and is sent to thealready registered contacts. The police station or the control roomthat lies within the shortest radii is chosen and is contacted further just asshown below: Fig 1:Shows how the applicationfinds the nearest police station and or the hospital b) The Manual help is triggered whenthe victim feels that she is unsafe and that she needs help immediately: At the time of criticalsituation, the user is expected to make hand waving movements using her androidphone ,as per the one ,done during the registration and after verifyingthe pattern numbers by the app ,theeither of the following is to be done:The user is expected topress the one of the following:o VOLUME DOWN BUTTON on the android device –to seek helpfrom guardian and the nearest hospital for emergency support.
o VOLUME UP BUTTON –to seek help from the guardian andthe nearest police station.o In this Manual Methodology, in order to contact bothof them ,then it is required to press both the buttons sequentially .o Each of the action mentioned in the fig 2,takes placewithout any lag and thus the victim is saved on time.o A Buzzer is to be pressed within a stipulated time,say 10 seconds ,when the heart beat rate reached abnormal condition but theuser has not actually met with any tough situation.In that case ,the automatichelp will not be initiated.Fig 2:Shows the stepsinvolvedVII .
EXISTING SYSTEM:There has beenprior work with the goal of improving women’s safety, including work in mobileapplications. Below are discussed briefly three applications with a purpose toserve the womanhood: Nirbhaya- Go fearless This mobileapplication sends a message with the user’s GPS coordinates to a list ofemergency contacts when a buttonon the appscreen is touched. The coordinates are updated and resent with every 300mchange in location B.VithU This mobileapplication sends a message to pre-selected contacts when the power button ofthe phone is pushed twice which is alarm based. C.
iMace This mobileapplication produces a high-pitched alarm upon shaking of the phone, andnotifies friends of the attack. It also sends a snapshot of the same usingwireless networking techniques. Although otherapplications that aim to provide safety to women exist, the proposed system standsapart in that it initiates help or distress signal automatically.
Additionally,it is free of charge and open-source, allowing improvements and customizations tobe made easily for speedy replication of the application in otherjurisdictions.VIII. PROPOSED SYSTEM: The aim of this paper,therefore, is to effectively build a strong platform for woman and childempowerment in oursociety. We endeavouredto achieve this by creating a mobile application that: 1)Has astraightforward user interface for speedy use.2)The use of handwaving movements to unlock the phone ensures the fact that it is difficult to forgesuch movements which can also becustomised by the user .This feature issupported by the Memes sensor and the Gyrometer which are by default ,presentin the mobile phones.3)Ensures thealert message is sent to the police,guardian,hospital on time.
4)The choice ofusing heart beat sensor is known for the very reason that ,any shocking ordeadly situation is reflected by the fast heart beat rates and since it is tiny,it can be considered as wearable ,(saylike a handy keychain).5) Allows theuser to activate said alert discreetlyàmanual as wellas automated both are imparted.6) Monitorslocations where crises are taking place and reports the same to the police aswell as notify the user’s emergency contacts and ambulances. The choice ofcreating a mobile application to achieve the problem statement was due to thefact that a mobile phone is normally carried on one’s person, more so than aseparate hardware device that could be misplaced.
Additionally, in an uncertainsituation, the App’s discreet trigger leading directly to an official policehelpline is a more feasible solution than explicitly attempting to place a callto a normal being. IX TECHNOLOGY BEHIND THE SCREEN:A. MY SQL MySQL, officially, butalso called “My Sequel” is the world’s most widely used open-sourcerelational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providingmulti-user access to a number of databases, though SQLite probably has moretotal embedded deployments.
B. JAVAApplications are usually developed in java programming language using the Androidsoftware development kit (SDK), but other developmentenvironments are also available.C.
ANDROIDIt is mobile operating system developed by Google inc, and iscompletely written in java programming language. The app is completely developed using the “Android Studio” which has got everything under one roof.X .
FUTURE WORKS:Today in the currentglobal scenario, the prime question in every girl’s mind, taking into accountthe ever rising increase of issues on women harassment in recent past, is onlyabout her safety and security.Theonly thought haunting every girl is when they will be able to move freely onthe streets even in odd hours without worrying about their security. The system resembles anormal cloves which when activated, tracks the location of the victim using GPS(Global Positioning System) and sends emergency messages using GSM (GlobalSystem for Mobile communication), to three emergency contacts and the policecontrol room.The system also incorporates a screaming alarm that uses real time clock,to call out for help and also generates an electric shock to injure theattacker for self defence.
FIG 3 :The use of sensors ,fitted to measureheart beat rate.XI. CONCLUSION:Using public GSM network resources and the shortmessage function of TC35i communication module, we realized the datatransmission between electric heart beat monitor and other devices. This newelectric device send data to doctor in the real time, and its convenient fordoctors to realize the Changes of the patients’ heart rates, it can also reducethe workload of doctors ,in other words ,it can improve the working efficiency.This design is of strong practicality andextensibility, it can transmit the data to PC in order to carry on the analysis andstatistics, and its very convenient to doctors to track treatment.
Thusa Fastestrescue plan is exercised.Canhelp save WOMEN, who are considered the backbone of a family-being thedaughters,mothers,wives,sisters…. ,and they are to be respected. ACKNOWLEGMENT:It is indeed a greatopportunity and a better exposure to invent great ideas and to motivate young minds in the field oftechnology and engineering. I would like to thank everyone for theirinvolvement in the project and alsowould like to thank my mentor and the institution for the wonderful opportunitygiven.
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