Firstly, contributing to the social and economic fabric of

Firstly, the characteristics of occupation
and the positive influence those characteristics have on human health and
well-being is one reason for considering the importance of occupation.
Occupations are seen as essential by The Canadian Association of Occupation
Therapists (CAOT) to the lives of individuals and classify occupation into
three purposes, also known as occupational performance. These include looking after
themselves (self-care), enjoying life (leisure) and contributing to the social
and economic fabric of their communities (productivity) (CAOT, 2002). The
divisions clearly show the significant role occupation has in supporting
individuals’ health and wellbeing generally as well as assisting recovery and
their social participation. Similarly, this links to the description Molineux (2010,
cited in Curtin, Molineux and Supyk-Mellson, 2010, p.19) provides of occupation
and understands its nature and being of: actively engaged, having a purpose and
meaning, contextualised and human characteristic. Each of the key characteristics
encourages individuals to express and understand themselves through activities
mattering to them, in which gives them a strong sense of their self. This can help
to increase their self-esteem, confidence and happiness and decrease negativity,
leading to improve their health and quality of life. Having that said, it can
be presented through for example participating in leisure occupations, such as

Gardens, as well
as the activity of gardening, have been shown to have a positive impact on
peoples’ health and wellbeing (Garden Organic and Sustain, 2014) and as well, Soga,
Gaston and Yamaura (2017) stated that there is increasing evidence that
gardening provides substantial human health benefits. A recent case-control
study had been undertaken by Wood, Pretty and Griffin (2015) based on allotment
gardening and the benefits that this particular type of gardening brings to
health and well-being. A mixture of allotment gardeners and non-gardeners during
their sessions of allotment gardening were both observed on their self-esteem
and mood and compared on their mental well-being. From the study’s results, paired
t-tests revealed a significant improvement in self-esteem (P < 0.05) and mood (P < 0.001) as a result of one allotment session (Wood, Pretty and Griffin, 2015), demonstrating the fast action that the gardening took to make a positive difference to the partakers wellbeing in such a short period of time. As well, one-way ANCOVA revealed that allotment gardeners had a significantly better self-esteem, total mood disturbance and general health (P < 0.001), experiencing less depression and fatigue and more vigour (P < 0.0083) (Wood, Pretty and Griffin, 2015). The end result of this study is evident of how gardening promotes a sense of wellbeing and reduces stress as it incorporates most of the seven dimensions of wellness (Developed By Dr. Bill Hettler, Co-Founder Of et al., 2018). Not only does the activity contribute to wellness mentally and emotionally by reducing negative moods such as anxiety and sadness, but also physically as well as it encourages exercise and helps the body to reach to a more balanced state. Furthermore, it can be suggested that gardening is associated to environmental, social, spiritual, intellectual and occupational wellness. For instance, other types of gardening such as community gardening can provide benefits

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