For been challenged with throughout their life. (Psych Central,

For
the purpose of this assignment, I will define the concept of Resilience. I will
look at how a number of different theorists define what resilience is, and what
they believe it involves. I will then discuss the importance if resilience in
children and how childhood is the foundation for resilience in an individual. Next,
I will look at a number of actions which help to foster and promote resilience
in young children. Finally, I will discuss how the concept of resilience relates
to the field of social care and outline why it may be relevant in the work of a
social care practitioner.

The
word Resilience comes from the Latin word reslaire, which means to jump or
bounce.  There are many ways in which
resilience can be defined, however, according to (Psych Central, 2017) “Resilience is the process of adapting well
in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats or even significant sources
of stress – such as family and relationship problems, serious health problems,
or workplace and financial stressors” Resilience is when an individual is
faced with a difficult situation and they have the ability to overcome the hard
time and bounce back from the situation, resulting in them becoming a stronger
person. Resilience is not a trait in which an individual is born with. It
involves behaviours, thoughts and actions in which any individual has the
ability to learn and develop over time. In order to be resilient, does not mean
that the person has not or does not experience difficulty in life, in fact they
have built resilience due to the number of situations and the distress they
have been challenged with throughout their life. (Psych Central, 2017)

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In
2006, Michael Rutter stated that resilience is “An interactive concept that is concerned with the combination of
serious risk experiences and a relatively positive psychological outcome
despite those experiences.” (Shean, 2015) Rutter states that
resilience is based on more than just being able to function within society, or
having positive mental health.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resilience
in children is important as it helps them to face, overcome and be strengthened
by the adversities in life. Not only do children require safety and food, but
also love, trust, hope and autonomy. They need the loving support from a parent
or caregiver which provides the child with self-confidence and self-faith which
helps to build resilience in the child. The way in which the parent or
caregivers responds to situations, and the way in which they encourage the
child to respond, separates the parents who promote resilience in their
children, from the parents who destroy the resilience, or inhibit it from
forming. (Grotberg, 1995) There are three sources of resilience
which help children to overcome the challenges in life which they are faced
with, which include:

 I HAVE – people around me who love me no
matter the choices which I make in life. I have people who show me to how to do
things right from wrong. I have people who help and comfort me when I’m sick or
in danger. I have people who teach me to do things by myself, and want me to be
independent. (Edith Grotberg, 2017)

 I AM – a person who people like and love. I am
a person who is happy to help others and show concern. I am a person who has
respect not only for myself but also for others. I am positive and reassure
myself things will be ok. I am willing to be held responsible for my actions. (Edith
Grotberg, 2017)

I
CAN – talk to others when there is something that is bothering me. I can find
ways to solve the problems which I am faced with. I can have control over my
actions when I feel like doing something dangerous. I can find somebody to help
me when help is needed. (Edith Grotberg, 2017)

In
order for a child, parent or caregiver to build resilience, they are not
required to have met all the sources of resilience, however one source is not
enough. For example, if the child is loved (I have), but does not have
compassion or show concern for others (I am), or does not have the
problem-solving skills for daily life (I can) they are unable to build
resilience. The more sources the individual has the more options they will have
in order to make decisions and responses in situations which helps to promote
resilience. It is important that the parent or care giver allows the child to
speak and defend themselves in a time when they faced with a challenge or
argument with another child in order to strengthen their ability to act
independently. If the parent or caregiver was to defend the child, they would
be preventing the child from building resilience, which then leaves them unable
to respond in the future. (Grotberg, 1995)

Bonnie
Berard (1995) believes that there are many ways in which we can help and
empower a child to build resilience. She believes that “we are born with an innate capacity for resilience, by which we are
able to develop social competence, problem-solving skills, a critical
consciousness, autonomy and a sense of purpose” (McDermott, 2008) Berard
believes that every individual is born with the ability to develop resilience,
by developing on the qualities such as social competence, which is the ability
to function well in society. The qualities of social competence includes

 

 

 

 

There
are many ways in which a parent or caregiver can foster resilience within young
children. Some of the ways in which it can be fostered include actions such as
establishing a secure base, supporting the child through education, promoting
friendships, fostering talents and interests, promoting the development of
positive values and nurturing social competencies.

All of the above actions have a lifelong impact on the individual.
Having a poor childhood leads to a weak foundation for resilience, therefore a
solid basis should be established in childhood in order to promote resilience. Firstly,
one of the most important actions of fostering resilience in a child involves
having a secure base. Having a secure helps the individual to feel safe,
whether its at home with family or within a service. The family plays a big
role in providing a secure base for the child by offering support, care and
love. Children should be supported by parents during education.