For this paper I went to the Museum of Natural History, Located on Central Park West & 79th St, New York, NY 10024 . I saw many interesting artifacts and artworks. But one piece that caught my attention was the Neanderthal exhibit. This hominid form was typically short in size and had a small skull.
The latest fossil that was discovered of the Homo neanderthalensis was in 1856, but there was not much pieces to completely had full detail of the skeletal structure to tell the specific neanderthal. Many refer the neanderthal people as the “caveman”. They also had a wider rib cage and outward pelvis area. In this exhibit they had the actual skeletal structure of the neanderthal, of course the bones looked very old and rusty, and as described before they were very short and wide rib cage. In this exhibit they had many other similar themed scene if you say, like other human form species for example the Modern human skeleton, The Neanderthal Campsite exhibit, Also had a scene of living conditions called Life during the Ice age, and Another exhibit called The Flores Hominid. What I found interesting about the neanderthal’s is how ape like they were.
In the back they had a picture of ow they would look with hair and skin and they really looked like apes, I just thought about how evolution really changed through time to how we look now.I decided to do some of my own research and according to sources the Neanderthals became extinct almost 40,000 years ago. They were first found in Europe and later expanded to many parts in Asia. It is to be said the us Modern human share almost 99.
7 percent of DNA with them, And are 98.8 percent related to chimpanzees, which I found interesting.The Neanderthals were known to be very strong physically, they were good hunters, and the were able to take down larges preys/animals, in 2006 it was discovered in the Republic of Georgia large amounts of bones that belonged to mountain goats that were killed by them, these goats were large, fast, and hard to catch, so trying to get on, much skill needed . Around 1950’s scientists started to make many advancements/discoveries that challenged stereotypes on the Neanderthals. In 1957, anthropologist searching around in a cave in northern iraq, they found remains of 8 adults and 2 infants, they were found buried with flowers. Some of them showed signs on injuries that were healed, which showed that they care about their sick ones and how a form of first aid treatment.
Neanderthal’s also had a diverse set of tools made out of stones, fire setups, a form of music, some say they also communicated through songs, also knew about how medicine works to the body and certain plants. Some ideas of interbreeding between modern humans and Neanderthals exist too. There has been some genetic evidence to back up this theory. In 2010, It was discovered that 1 to 4 percent of Neanderthal DNA is found in humans, and that the interbreed probably happened 60,000 years ago. This relates to class because we have talked about this is class, but also it involves the evolution of people.
Also dives in the history of a different time in how people lived and a different civilizations.