Forensic Lab designIdecided to sketch a forensics lab is one of the labs they are under the categoryof specialist laborites. Foresenics lab is specialist lab for the reasonsunique specialized equipments used that makes it different other specialistlaborites. The rooms and how it’sstructured and designed consisting of a number of separate and distinctlaboratories, each and its own specific function, spaces, and equipment.laboratory should be nicely organizedsecure entity. some t foresenicslabs has a different purpose from the other labs foresenics labs generallyfocuses scientific analysis to the justice system takes place taking,consisting of identifying samples of evidence and helping to solve the crime.
Forensic scientists analyze andinterpret evidence found at the crime scene. That evidence can usually be blood,saliva, fibers, tire tracks, drugs, alcohol, paint chips and firearm residue. In my forensics lab sketch I included spatesections to highlight the important sections that make up forensics laboratory.To emphasis the difference in rooms in regular laboratory and in specialistlaboratory such as laboratory likes aforesenics lab sections included are· Evidence room· Conference table · Library · Foresenic work stations internet intranet pc offices work bench· In my specialist laboratory design I pickedspecific equipment that represent foresenic there common equipments that arealso found in general labs but there are specialist equipment are only inforensics lab . For instance In the evidence room of thespecialist labatory is responsible for receiving items of evidence from lawenforcement agencies and routing those items within the laboratory as needed tocomplete analytical requests. I ensurethe is efficient storage I placecupboards in the evidence room .Storage is a vital part of the laboratory ofthe foresenics lab which is why I placecupboards it ensure evidence are put away safely can get left out or get examined .
Once examinations are complete, itemsare returned to the Evidence Room to return the originating agency or asdescribed in disposition information as communicated in official laboratoryreports. In the foresenics work station I placed Bench topmicroscopy at laboratory workstations .In the forensic laboratory the foresenicwork stations contain microscopes.
The trace evidence section of the crime labwith light control for varied microscopy, in addition to a scanning electron microscope.In the conference table there are many tables andchairs for the foresenics lab staff to sit down discuss and evaluate andevidence and produce conclusions to share ideas and come up with varioussolutions to conclude the crime.Results will beshare may be results of research performed by colleagues or results generated.urgent results to be communicated directly to another person which is whythere are team meetings in conference table.
Page 2In intranet pcs and offices there are computers thisis because records can be searched very quickly. If records have to be accessed from a numberof sites, a computer system allows thiswithout paper records having to be Copied and sent to different locations. This savestime and removes the risk of them getting lost. Records can be updated quicklyand there is less of technicians using out of date information.
Criteria reference M3 Justify key features in thenon-specialist and specialist laboratory non specialist lab A non-specialist lab noncomplexed am mature lab I which are normally found , schools, clinicsor hospital that carry out minor practical’sor carry out small investigations withlimited and low quality equipment and less high Tec equipment andhave limited access to equipment , becausenon specialist labs generally have minorinvestigations it does not require high technology compared to specialist laboratory facility that provides controlled conditionsin which scientific or technologicalresearch, experiments, and measurement may beNon-specialistlaboratory is made to be useful to several purposes, without focusing in aspecific area.Mainstream school laboratory are amde up of different furniture’s such as fixed benches. With clearsurfaces Benches are required in a school lab. The surfaces are made chemical and heat proof in practical students place their Bunsenburner and chemicals on the bench to carry out their experiment which is whythe bench is a good material as it can sustain their chemicals and the heatwithout damaging further more benches are also located in the center of classroom this to allow your teacher to instruct you on how to conduct yourexperiment. Pupils can watch the teacher showing them how to do the experiment andconduct experiments, usually at the front of the room.It’s important l in non specialized labatories thatis sink when conducting practical’s the tables may get dirty so it’s importantto clean tables and it’s important to wash your hands if any contact withchemicals to avoid any irritation.
Furthermore it’s also need to rinse equipments and removed stains. Paper towels arealso need as they used straight after drying hands.None specialisedlabs its very common to find storage cabinets that contain delicate fragile glass ware, s equipments such as volumetric flask, test tube,measuring glass will need to be stored in safe place correctly.In a lab posters are usually dis palcedaround the class which means safetyprecatutions and rules that must be conducted these are usually displayed allover the walls.
Fume extractor – A requirementin all school science labs, a fume extractor cupboard or system is essential inall labs where chemicals are used.in school friendly environment its like that you finds interactive whiteboard in eachlab this is essential as before conducting the experiment the teacher studentsare able to discuss what the practical is consisting of and prepare and explore the background information of theexperiment .plan their hypothesis teacher can support students and instructinghow the practical is conductedspecialistlaborties Specialist laboratoriesare more wider and expand more research include this exaplains the range of facilities thatallows the researchers to investigate thoroughly or are able to research morethings without limited resources or access to high Tec equipment The work that is carried out in a laboratory The work that is carried out in a laboratory will influence the type ofequipment that is used there. Most laboratories will have several large pieces ofequipment, numerous smaller pieces and several computers linked in.
The storagerequired will vary, with special facilities for radioactive, flammable andtoxic materials.Typically in specialist laboratories you will see a range of specializedadvanced equipment used for advance research and complicated investigations. Forequipment that is rare to find in local for the reasons of teh cost andspace given example is a Laboratory oven.These ovens for high-forced volume thermal convection applications. These ovens provide uniform temperaturesthroughout. Laboratory ovens canbe for annealing, die-bond curing, drying, Polyimide baking, sterilizing, etc more overanother specialist equipment these Desiccatorsthey are sealable enclosures containing desiccants used for preserving andmaintaininh moisture-sensitive items such as cobalt chloride paper for anotheruse.
A common use for desiccatorsis to protect chemicals which are hygroscopic or which react with water fromhumidity.Laboratory Centrifuges its function is used for the separation of fluids, gasor liquid, based on density. Separation is achieved by spinning a vesselcontaining material at high speed; the centrifugalforce pushes heavier materials to the outside of the vessel.a fume cupboard or fumecloset) is a form of a local ventilationdevice that is made to limit exposure to hazardous ortoxic fumes, vapors or dusts.Graduated pipettes are pipettes with many volumes marked along the tube. They are usedto measure and transfer an accurate volume of liquid from one container toanother.
1 Graduated pipettes are made from plastic or glass tubes that have a tapered tip.Electrophoresis apparatus used to detect and classify serum proteins or proteins from any other source; also usedfor DNA separation Page4 D2 Criteria reference Analyze why good laboratorydesign is important for efficiency, effectiveness and safetyThe keyelements that contribute to good laboratory is ensuring its efficient , how its effective , is safetyconsidered for example considering things like heat proofor hazard proof if the threes fireextinguisher in every corner of the lab is the lab secure is the security good ? A well-designed lab’s layout consists ofappropriate storage, equipment, and workspaces. For example, simple cabinetsmay be adequate for electronics, but chemicals often require more complexstorage spaces. By providing the appropriate accommodations, In addition, labusers can avoid storing supplies in places that block exits or cause otherdangerous conditions. For example, potentially hazardous materials and equipmentshould be stored and used in lab zones away from heavy traffic flow andventilation sources that cause disruptive airflows.A well-organized and tidy laboratory willhelp those who are using it to do their tasks in an easier way which willtherefore encourage them to complete more of these tasks. This means thatoverall; the work completed in the laboratory is more effective.
Also, awell-organized laboratory will help users to save time and carry out tasks morequickly, thus being more efficient. It will also reduce the risk of anyaccidents or injuries occurring and therefore provides more safety.An ideal laboratory will have cabinet or storage nearby where experimenttake place and stored toxic gases and liquids, hazardous solids, unstablechemicals, ionising and non-ionising radiation sources and other artificialbiohazards.
This improves the efficiencyof the laboratory this is because thehazardous substances will be a near key experimental areas for example a fume cupboard this avoid having tosearch for chemicals, by having the chemicals stored arranged inorderly fashion is speeding up the process and making it more efficient. , thenless distance will need to be travelled which will minimize any hazards orrisks, for example spilling the chemicals. Effective storage of thehazardous chemicals will avoid harmful gases being released into the air thatis being breathed in and out by the people in the laboratory, which willimprove the overall safety and security of the laboratory. it is crucial to include vitalsafety features, such as bio safety cabinets, fire protection and detectionsystems, and emergency showers and eye wash stations.
When users know thesefeatures are easily available, they can focus on performing their research witha greater measure of security regarding their health and safety, and thus bemore productive. In addition, labs should have easy-to-access, well-markedexits so that researchers can get out quickly and safely in case of anemergency or accident.improvesafety; its significant to include ventilationsystems based on users’ activities. All labs must include have ventilationsystems to monitor the temperature andkeep the decent and comfortable, research supports the idea that that optimal workplacetemperatures can multiply productivity, regardless the work environment. Furthermore, when dangerous materials are used ventilation systems should be upgraded and advanced and may require additional features such as chemical fumehoods to control potential exposure and capture contaminants in laboratory air.
Criteria reference P4 /M4Procedure for storing scientific information in alaboratory information management systemLIMs stands for A Laboratory Information Management System it is a program me that’s is used in several laboratories to maintain its activities and operations. LIMS has various roles . for example the registrationof a sample and its respective costumer information, tracking of the sample,equipment been used in the analysis ofthe sample , quality control, data that’s stored , the report of theanalysis.LIMS mainly focuses on the managementand monitoring samples which is registering and tracking them. When a samplecontainer arrives and registration, theLIMS therefore tracks it and and the records the location .This consist of printing barcodes to identify the samplecontainers. a LIMS also monitors the communicationwith customers documents are linked with the samples and the personneland workload.
Main types of information that wouldneed to be stored on your lab’s LIMSControl of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) records;Scientific data;Scientific apparatus;Waste disposal;Health and safety checks;Training records;Quality assurance;Report records;Specification levels;Sample throughput;Management;Security.How information be entered onto theLIMS?information is entered in the LIMS by uploading laboratory instrumentgenerated files to it, another way is registrationof samples including a creation of text and graphical documents withinformation or analysis results. For example Technologies like a hand-held devicelike or an ipad or Smartphone such asthe latest phone, Galaxy, iphones , htc etc can also be used to enter samplesand their information onto the management system.Barcode system works to track dataentry in a LIMS?When the container is enrolled inthe LIMS and its not been given tocustomer costumer the customer can retrievesample for the client . When the sample is delivered to the labatory and the registration procedure begins thisincludes printing scanner tags to fasten in the example which is utilized storecostumer and which is used storecostumer and practitioner information .
Furthermore the barcodesystem of the LIMS is purpose to trackchain of custody and sample location, this involves being transported on the sample and its storage place (thefreezer, shelf, rack, box, row and column.What procedures would be necessary for tracking the sample, procedures and results? It’s very significant tracking samples if the sampleshows abnormal results, the doctor must be contacted immediately. Thereforepersonal information of the clients such as the name and telephone number ofthe practitioner and the client must be also contacted the samples abnormal results,the doctor must be contacted immediatelyDuring the investigation, the sample must be looked after appropriately with cautious careit cannot be contaminated in order to this will the results. The barcode systemis indispensable in this stage, because the analysis is connected to be linkedwith the sample avoiding mixing information with other clients’ samples. Afterthe procedures, the results of the must be put into the LIMS using the barcodesystem and informed to the customer Page 6 Criteriareference M4Report recordsReport records are used to make new medicines, for example report hospital records ,tests for and the report of the GP.Clinical. Are obligated to record these types of information.
The process must be done again if there aren’t any records.COSHH Records COSHH stands for Control of substances hazardous to health. Its consist of information based on t healthand safety of dangerous substances that is used and performed in the workplace .The process is crucial it displays awareness and health and safetyfor hazardous substances that are involved in workplace. It permits hazardous substancesin work places.
Waste disposal The information is based Waste limit for radioactive and biological the wastethe analysis for example how many dayscan it survive for . who’s will disposethe waste and how its gets disposed..Trainingrecords Training records is information that mentions training each staff haspreviously or is presently doing . itpresents who is qualified more from the level of training.This assist who to employ as the more qualified stand outfrom the less qualified.ScientificDataScientific data has data from scientific experiment or scientificresearch Storing scientific is significant becauseit permits you to cautiously store and retrieve scientific data from theworkplace and other sources this process I carried out so there isno risk of losing the data Scientificapparatus This data consist of How many apparatus were boaught and the date itw as bought .Maintenance of apparatus example if its broken or in good condition , This is essential because you can keep track of how many apparatus were purchased and maintainedbefore you buy other apparatus to prevent buying unwanted apparatus.
Security and data protection Security is essiential in a workplace All data has to be safe and kept cautiously.The people with authority should know whatinformation of patients to share and what notto share with other people.Management The main management is in charge of thestaff however emmebers have to reportback to the management as well as have others reporting back to them. this canbe the heads of department or senior staff.
Therefore there is a managementhierarchy in all work places. Without. It management team task wouldn’t eb completed .Specificationlevels. There are various specification levels that the labn works at .The level at which theorganization is allowed to work has to monitored and recorded .
The data of materialshas to be recorded..The management of the work place and those in charge of organization of the labhave to look at and follow these specification levels.. Quality assuranceQuality assurance displays types of procedures are carried out and how high thequality was. People with special responsibilities like head of department areable to edit and access this data.Health and safety checksHealth and safety regular checkups aresugnifcant in a scientific workplace this shows it has been observed.
Accidentreport cards may be field.