Harasim (2017) says Constructivist Accepts behaviourist andcognitive ideass but adds that people build their own knowledge throughexperience-based activities rather than being led by teachers. The firsttheorist that supported constructivist approach was Dewey. Grotewell (2008)suggested that Dewey believed that human beings learn through a directapproach. This means that learners must combine with their surroundings to familiariseand learn. My role as a coach or teacher would be to serve more as afacilitator than an instructor (opposite to command style of teaching) Usually,the teacher deliverers information and the job of the students is usually toreceive this information. I think my lesson plan supports the constructivisttheory because in my lesson plan I am avoiding giving them as much informationas I can. Also, every student is directly involved by interacting with theirenvironment which creates experiences.
Additionally, Jerome Bruner was a psychologist whose studieson learning led to the discovery of the famous scaffolding theory in education(which identifies the importance of providing students with enough support inthe initial stages of learning a new subject). Meggitt (2007) says there arethree stages to this theory: Enactivist (knowledge is stored in the form ofmotor responses), iconic stage (knowledge is stored as visual images) andsymbolic stage (knowledge is stored as words). Westwood (2013) says thisTheory, ensures that learners aren’t left on their own to comprehend something.The support a student needs is removedwhen the student is more confident and believes he no longer needs backing.
Forinstance, in my lesson plan, if a student is learning a new skill (because theyhave never played dodgeball), he or she might observe it being donestep-by-step by others. This support is the ‘scaffold’ they needs momentarily.Each step is demonstrated and explained, and then the student tries it on hisor her own, without the support.Finally, we have Vygotsky and The Zone of ProximalDevelopment.
Eloff and Eberso?hn (2004) state student can perform certain tasksbetter under adult guidance (coaches or teachers) or with teammates than whatcould be achieved alone. My lesson plan supports this theory because if a studentis not be able to perform simple tasks when working alone they might become frustratedwhen performing the task. A example, in my first drill if they don’t reallyknow how to execute the task they can observe classmates. By guiding studentsand by asking questions the student can fortify what they just learnt.
There are some advantages In Constructivist theory. It makes me as a teacher focus more onlearning through activity (which is more enjoyable) rather than learning bypeople telling you information (command style of teaching) Also, teachers andcoaches encourage students to question themselves, their strategies and assesshow the various activities are inspiring their understanding. There are alsosome disadvantages to constructivism teaching. Mayer (2004) argues against apure discovery approach to learning. There is little evidence it works, and hasfailed several times in past decades. Pure discovery allows for too muchfreedom, hindering learning.