Have you ever wondered how you are able to see the bones in your body on a screen? It’s pretty magnificent if I say so myself. X Rays have a higher energy level that light which can make it hazardous if used too much. They pass through much more objects than light including the human body. Bones on the image will show up whiter than other muscles and tissue. The bones have a higher radiological density so it absorbs more of the x rays.
The muscles and tissue will show up darker than the bones. This is because it absorbs a lesser amount of the x rays, and they pass through and absorbed by the bone or passes out of the body.A mammogram is a way doctors use x rays to detect tumors. The tumor can show up either black with a white background or white with a black background.
Mammograms can also show calcium. Calcium shows up as very bright spects on the screen.Radiation x rays and other different types of high-energy x rays can sometimes destroy cancerous tumors. It does this by focusing the energy on the cancerous DNA and destroying it. The dose for radiation is much higher than regular x rays. The higher amount of energy the more hazardous it is. X rays are a type of light rays.
They are very much alike the visible light we see in our everyday lives. The only difference between x rays and visible light is the wavelengths. The human eye cannot see lights with longer wavelengths. To produce x ray images it has to produce a very concentrated ray called an x ray photon.
The photon travels through the air, and when it comes into contact with the body it creates and image. The image then is created and can be used to make medical decisions. X rays show multiple different thing including air, muscles, tissue, bones, and metal. There are different shades of grey, black, and white that show up for each of those different materials.
The air shows up as pitch black, muscle is is a dark grey almost black color, tissue is a lighter grey than the muscles, bones is a greyish-white color, and metal is pure white.All x rays can cause changes in cellular division. This division can be dangerous for the body. That is why there are laws in place on how much doctors can use x rays. Doctors need to be able to justify a good reason to expose the patient to the radiation. Ignoring this could result in you viewed as breaking the law. Biological effects depend on the dose used. Certain parts of the body have more of a chance of getting damage from the rays.
Radiation on the stomach has 20 times more of a chance of getting fatal than the same dose to a bone in your body. Children also are more sensitive to radiation than adults. This is why doctors avoid exposing children from radiation at all costs. Children should only be exposed to radiation if their case is extreme.Staff are also at a risk to radiation exposure. Though the doses they are exposed to are little the exposure is still there. Local rules state that staff must wear protective clothing and bandages.
This is to protect them from the damage exposure could cause.Radiation exposure can lead to cell manipulation and eventually cancer. This is why people worry so much about the use of x rays and other medical machines that use radiation. The effect it has on the staff and patients health is potentially dangerous and could eventually lead to death. Laws are in place to limit the amount of exposure everyone gets.Generally the exposure from one x ray isn’t dangerous. However huge amounts of x ray usages and other machines that use radiation is a lot more dangerous. The wavelengths of the x rays are much higher than other rays on the electromagnetic spectrum.
It is the second highest section on the spectrum. X rays are safe in very little amounts. It also helps to make sure you spread out the amount of time in between each one.
The more time in between the safer it is. X rays may be used in hospitals to make you better, but in the end and after so many images your heath actually may be worse. Cancer and other medical issues may be a result from x ray exposure.