Hello and welcome to my presentation. today i will be presenting my overall findings in my research that was conducted in Brent’s Cross. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Furthermore i will be explaining the Bystander Effect as well as showing how this effect was tested by covertly observing. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Also there will be detailed explaination on how i conducted my research and the initial reasoning behing the covert observation. Khalid Sugule (KS) – And to round it all off, there will be a brief synopsis on the findings and ideas on the overall test. Bystander apathy/effect Bystander Effect, is the deterring result of many people or a crowd being proximate where a person is in need therefore having an effect on a person’s will to assist. Bibb Latane and John Darley were the two behind the effect after the murder of Kitty Genovese in New York. They conducted the Bystander apathy experiment in which they recruited numerous university students to speak in the microphone for 2 minutes each. They couldn’t see each other but heard each other’s voices on the audio. 5 treatment conditions- individual, dialogue conversation and the last is a group of six participants (1 subject and 5 pre-recorded voices). All in all, only few reacted and the rest were obviously anxious but failed to react- similar to the Kitty Genovese’s neighbours in her murder. 38 neighbours knew this was happening but were to anxious to react. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Anyone will fall or become a bystander at one point in their life and if a the individual is on their own they are more likely to act in comparison to 4 or more people present. Khalid Sugule (KS) – For example,if an elderly was to fall on the curb in Oxford street, Central London, the likelihood of somene helping her woukld be reduced as many of the civilians wait on one or more indiviudals to help before they perservere. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Its also the belief that there is less duty of care owed as there are more people proximate to the one in need therefore logically there is more of a chance someone else will help. Khalid Sugule (KS) – This differs, in essence, if there were to be one individual present as the person is more likely to act on the situation as there is more duty of care owed hence the civilain will act and help the person in need. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Bibb Latane and John Darley found in their experiment that Only few of the subjects tried to seek for help. This means that most of the subjects didn’t bother to look for the experimenters to help the suffering participant. Most of them were obviously anxious but the reaction was not there. Purpose of the Research/ Methodology I have set goals for the research so it can be broken down to simply two factors: How many people acted on the situation How long it took until the people realised the lady was hurt Which age group had the largest concern The purpose behind this is to help understand whether it’s a moral issue and why people feel the need to be silent rather than act on the situation. In addition, I will be analysing the entire bystander concept and its validity. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Having these goals set automatically has me thinking and analysing how people react when facing a conscious decision when it comes to helping. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Also, looking back to the Kitty Genovese case, the time taken for people to react is equally crucial to my observation as this indicates how people need to get out of the comfort zone in order to help. obviously as this is i the Brent’s Cross shopping centre, there will be more people present therefore, testing the idea that more people are less likely to aid as quickly. Khalid Sugule (KS) – Lastly, the age group is an interesting concept i’ve included as i feel that the younger generation are more likely help in comparison to the adults due to the confidence and free mindset. Khalid Sugule (KS) – The overall purpose behind this is to understand if times have changed and people are beginning to bystand less over the decades as Latane and Darley’s research, though convient, is extremely outdated and potentially not a representative of contemporary society. Observational research Firstly, I’ve arrived at the shopping mall at 10am on a Friday as this was considered the least active time in attempt to observe the dynamics as well as to see if there was to be an incident, how would it differ with more people. I especially chose Friday because this was the end of the working week and it may have some significance in the overall findings Since there is less people present in the shopping mall it was difficult to witness any bystanding or incidents occurring until I went to M and saw three teenagers wolf-whistling a women in her early 20’s near the counter. There were 6 civilians present excluding the three teenagers and the young lady. As this is a verbal form of hara
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