Human nature is blessed with the
habit of pursuing or achieving goals. Social or biological intrusions in the
achievement of these strategic goals may contribute incompatibility, which
generally describes stress (Azmi et al., 2015). It is a state of psychological
and physiological discrepancy resulting from the gap between situational demand
and the individual’s ability and motivation to meet those needs (Muqbil et
al., 2006). It can lead to the state which either make you pleased or
give dissatisfaction in your life. These
altered mental and emotional strains or tensions can cause adverse or demanding
state of affairs (Azmi et al., 2012).
Stress has positive or negative
impact on human body, which often relates with performance of tasks (Desai et
al., 2010). Positive
impact includes the timely completion of tasks which ultimately satisfies the
inner soul whereas, negative impact includes when a person faces social,
physical, organizational and emotional problems, that contributes in harming health
and certain other elements which ultimately adversely affect the human body (Conti et
to researchers from health care sectors, obesity is initiating as the primary
contributor of many health issues whereas, stress oriented situations may also
result in weight gain that directly invites many disease, if person remains
pressurized (Azmi et al., 2013). To overcome from this situation, body mass
index (BMI) is used as a screening instrument to designate whether a person is
underweight, healthy weight, overweight or obese according to their height (Burkhauser et al., 2008). If a person’s BMI is more than the range of
the healthy BMI, the health risks directly increases (Cole et al., 2007). Adiposity state may be directly measured by the
computation of BMI, which generally correlates with direct measures of body fat
(Azmi et al., 2013).
researchers indicated that stress and adiposity progress side by side, where
job stress and duty timings are mainly high, resulting in exhausted work
environment (Azmi et al., 2015). It can also be associated with financial
problems, socio-economic status, workload and job insecurity that generally
affect one’s career growth and resulted in life threatening health problems
including cardiac diseases, weight gain with increase BMI, psychologic problems
and many others (Azmi et al., 2011).
Therefore, Azmi et al. (2013)
suggested that people should maintain balance between their professional and
social life so as to reduce that stress.
can also be somewhat related to age, marital status, socio-economic conditions and
environmental factors which directly influence the state of physical well-being
as well as can increase the relative risk of disease. Therefore, the present study
is designed to evaluate the association of job based stresses (JBS) with body
mass index (BMI) in tertiary health care sectors of Karachi, Pakistan.