ICTis playing diverse role in the field of teaching and learning. It can impartknowledge at a reduced cost, at the very doorstep. It is facilitating distantmode of education through virtual learning. Students in remote areas can alsogain access to the knowledge through ICT.
ICT serves to improve the retentionof subject matter. Sharing of learning resources can be made possible throughICT. Social situation required for learning and intellectual development canartificially be provided through ICT .
It is providing great power to studentsto learn by allowing them to access, manipulate, modify, store, and retrieveinformation. It can effectively act as teaching aids by providing audio, visualor audio-visual experiences. Microscopic details can be magnified, large-sizedstructure can be reduced to normal size and shown to students. The students canget opportunity to see and listen to great scientists, educationists, artistsetc. and enrich their learning experience.
In an ICT environment, the gained knowledgecan be easily tested by an on-line test and instantly provide teacher with widerange of information associated with learner’s score. Hypertext softwareenables teacher to provide with non-linear human thinking process. The use ofICT will facilitate teaching and enhance learning experience for the students,help them to think and communicate creatively. ICT will prove to be boon forthe future generation by preparing them for successful lives and careers in anincreasing technological world.INTRODUCTIONAccording to Blurton,ICT is defined as, “diverse set of technological tools and resources used tocommunicate, create, disseminate, store and manage information.”Technologies includedin ICT are- radio, television, mobiles, computers and internet-basedcommunication which are now increasingly using multimedia as its means.In the present digitalera, technology is influencing almost all spheres of human life including theteaching-learning process. DISCUSSIONIf we consider thenewly created fundamental right-right to education, we would see that we haveenormous shortage of resources, including the teachers.
ICT can facilitate theRTE by providing knowledge at a reduced cost at the very doorsteps.In present era,education through distance mode is achieving tremendous success because of theICT. It is known as virtual learning, where students are attending the virtualclasses in ICT-enabled campuses, interacting with their teachers, submittingtheir assignments, accessing learning resources etc.Remote places, usuallysituated in the mountainous areas have distantly-located schools or colleges.Education in these locations become a distant dream. The students of theseareas can gain access to wide range of knowledge through ICT and educatethemselves.A striking example ofICT in action can be seen in American schools, where video systems are used totransmit television programme and information throughout an entire school andeven between schools in the same locality. This regional sharing of learningresources is enabling schools to minimize expenditure by concentrating time andeffort into creating centralized services.
According to Donaldson,reasoning and intellectual development is embedded in familiar social situationof everyday life. Collaborative learning is therefore taking an increasinglyprofile in the curricula of many schools, with ICT playing a central role.The traditional methodsof teaching practiced in most of the schools usually prove quite uninterestingfor the students.
If the same facts, concepts, processes etc. are explainedwith help of multimedia-based animation programmes, then the interest of thestudents multiply many folds. This results in fast learning and longer retentionof the subject matter.The incidents anddevelopments related to any field can be heard and seen in any part of theworld by the students.
This would keep the students up-to-date with all thecurrent events.The students can getvaluable opportunity to experience the thoughts and ideas of great scholars,educationists, artists etc. This will motivate them and enrich their knowledge.This facility is available not only at the regional level but also at theglobal level.Students who workpart-time can get boost as ICT has the ability to spread literacy on a largescale. The attractive and interactive mode of learning has the capacity to givepositive results.According to Lewin,analytical skill, writing skill improves due to ICT. ICT can effectively actas a teaching aids by providing audio, visual or audio-visual experiences tothe students.
Microscopic details can be magnified or large-sized structure canbe reduced to normal size and shown to students. The processes or events takingplace in the nature or society can be brought to the classroom with the help ofICT. Such lively presentations can leave a permanent mark on the mind of themind of the students and deepen their understanding.Software andinformation industry association states that ICT helps in boosting theself-confidence and self-esteem of the students.
A student has to use anumber of equipments and gadgets in order to cover the practical part of hiscurriculum. The handling of these equipments and gadgets require specificskills. Teaching these skills to a large number of students is ineffective andtime consuming. The skill can easily be demonstrated to the students onlarge-sized screens to yield better results.In order to bring aboutall around development of the students, a number of extracurricular activitiesshould be taught to the students. Skills required in these activities can alsobe taught effectively with help of huge-sized screens. Here, the minute detailscan easily be shown.
The speed of the performance can be increased, decreasedor freezed as per requirement of the viewer.The traditional methodof imparting knowledge, are characterized by linear progression of information.However, human minds are more adaptable and often uses non-linear strategiesfor the storage and retrieval of informations.
Hypertext software enablesteachers to provide their students with the non-linear means to matchnon-linear human thinking process. The position of theteacher is likely to be reduced as the students gain power through the use ofcomputers to access, manipulate, modify, store and retrieve information. Thiswill result in promoting greater autonomy in learning.
The population of Indiais multiplying at an amazing speed. Whatever resources the country has to offerwill fall short in no time. The resources related to education can easily befurnished by ICT.The knowledge gainedthrough learning should be tested from time to time. Manual checking of thesetests is time consuming and may also be error ridden. These shortcomings caneffectively be dealt by on-line tests and evaluations by the computers.