In and ultrasound therapy. A comparison of therapeutic ultrasound

In this research study, a review of therapeuticultrasound is presented. The concept of therapeutic ultrasound is investigated withconcentration on basics of ultrasound physics and ultrasound therapy. Acomparison of therapeutic ultrasound and diagnostic ultrasound is offered.

Lowintensity and high intensity applications of therapeutic ultrasound is studied.The research continued with a focus on High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)technology. The principle behind this technology and the delivery systems areintroduced. Moreover, the main applications of HIFU included the prostateultrasound therapy, MRI guided HIFU (MRgHIFU) ablation of breast cancer andkidney focused ultrasound therapy are investigated.

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Ultrasound imaging is one the useful applications ofdiagnostic ultrasound. This technique is most commonly used for kidney stonesand diagnosis of the pregnancy. Most recently, researchers could discover theultrasound application in therapy referred to as therapeutic ultrasound book.First Wood and Loomis in 1927 could discover thatultrasound can interact with tissues leads to some biological changes 3-finish, 4 finish. Following this study, in 1933 theapplication of ultrasound therapy in hyperthermic cancer treatment wasintroduced 4finish. In 1999, a paper published4finish that presented various therapeutic applicationsof ultrasound.

According to this study, tissue heating application ofultrasound was the first application of ultrasound for example, for treatment ofinjury. In 2007, low power and high power ultrasound therapywas offered in therapeutic applications of ultrasound2007. Referring to this study, the low power ultrasound therapyincluded the physiotherapy, fracture repair, sonophoresis and some otherapplications while, the high power application of ultrasound contains the HighIntensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) and lithotripsy.In 2013 a paper published NoninvasiveTreatment of Breast that presented the high-intensity focusedultrasound application in noninvasive breast cancer treatment. In kidney microbubble, targeted microbubbles areintroduced as a novel method for kidney stones treatment.

More recently, in 2015 a thesis published that was apresentation of the multi-physics computational modelling of focused ultrasoundtherapy. Besides this research study, in cityuniversity prostate a 2D MRI compatible robot was designed andimplemented that was applicable for prostate cancer treatment.