In 2014, when ISISannounced caliphate and started mass killings, thousands of Syrians tried toflee to Europe seeking shelter and asylum, but the European Union prevented theentry of mass numbers of migrants onto the subcontinent with the claim that itwill negatively affect the economy and social welfare of the European nations.
EUstarted to impose fines on airlines that transported refugees withoutdocuments. Also EU stopped funding Mare Nostrum, which resulted in the death ofthousands of immigrants in the Mediterranean. The attitude of theEuropean nations as well as the world over towards the Syrian refugees changedwhen the picture of the dead body of Aylan Kurdi, a three year old Syrian boy,washed upon the Turkish beach gained wide world view.
The boy and his familywere trying to cross the Mediterranean to reach the EU for asylum whilst hedrowned. This incident was succeeded with the mass support towards refugeesfrom the European citizens. The Slogan ‘Refugees Welcome’ by the host nationsbecame popular during this time. The nations Britain, France and Germany pledgedto take in thousands of refugees into their countries after this terribleincident.
Though the EU and the different European nations were accommodatingtowards the refugees at first, they became reluctant to accept more refugeesinside their boundaries when the influx became uncontrollable. A total of around 1.7million people have registered as refugees in various countries ever since the startof the uprisings against the rule of President Bashar al-Assad in March 2011.CONCLUSIONThe basic conclusionthat can be drawn from this research is that the issue of the Syrian refugee crisishad a fundamental and significant impact on the different aspects of theEuropean society.This refugee crisis hasshook Europe as a whole and not just a handful of the countries.
It alsoimposes a challenge to the entire European construction project and not justsome of the EU’s policies. This entire issue questions the EU’s founding valuesand also examines the cohesion between the different European societies in thismatter. Also the huge number of refugee arrivals in some member states revealsthe fragility of the social welfare systems working there which had alreadybeen hit by economic crisis and austerity policies. Another conclusion that canbe drawn is that, if well utilized, the influx of the migrant population couldbe an opportunity to revitalize European labour markets.