India Pradesh and Delhi in the northwest, Rajasthan in

India officially the Republic of India (Bharat Ganrajya), is a vast South Asian country which has diverse terrain from Himalayan peaks to the Indian ocean coastline. It is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east and on the south India is surrounded by Sri Lanka. In addition, Andaman and Nicobar shares maritime borders with Thailand and Indonesia.

India is the seventh largest and second most populous country in the world. According to the Census Statistics 2011, the population of India was 1,210,854,977 with 623,270,258 males and 587,584,719 females. Literacy was found to be a total 74.04% with 65.46% literate females and 82.14% males. This was a 9.

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81% increase since the last census. The density of population was found out to be 382 per square kilometres. The total sex ratio was 933 females to 1000 males whereas in rural India it is 946 and in Urban India it is 900 females to 1000 males (www. censusindia.gov.in). The growth rate was 17.

64% and death rate was 21.5%.The child sex ratio of ages 0-6 years old was 914 females to 1000 males. There are a total of 28 states and 7 Union Territories in India with 593 Districts and 5,463 Sub-Districts.

The present cross-sectional study conducted in the Uttar Pradesh state. This section explain about the Uttar Pradesh and overall distribution of the area under study and details about the demographic, climate, agriculture, health care facility, food, festivals, socio-demographic profile, custom etc. Uttar PradeshUttar Pradesh is a state located in Northern India. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India and also most populous country of the sub-division in the world.

On 1st April 1947, it was created as united province during British rule and in 1950 renamed Uttar Pradesh. In 2000, Uttrakhand was separated from the Uttar Pradesh. The state is surrounded by Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi in the northwest, Rajasthan in the west, Uttrakhand  in the north, Bihar in the  east, Madhya Pradesh in the south and also touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast.

It also shares international border with Nepal in the North. It has 243,290 square kilometres (93,933 sq mi) area which is equal to 6.88% of the total area of India. Its latitudinal location is 24° and 31° north. Its longitudinal location is 77° and 84° east.  It is the fourth larg