professionalism refers to the combination of all the qualities that are
connected with trained and skilled police officers. Police responsibility is
the state or fact of being responsible, answerable or accountable for the
actions they take. It is an expectation for everyone that the police do their
duties to ensure the safety of people.
times professionalism may really be confused. People may see a neatly dressed
officer who looks good and composed one using all the resources available
attempting to capture the criminals. Physical traits and character are very
important but they should never be confused for professional characteristics of
any police officer.
Characteristics of Police Professionalism
to others: Police officers vow to protect and to serve the people of the
nation. It is their main duty to serve the nation ensuring no criminal
activities take place. In case of any occurrence of the criminal activities
they apprehend the culprits and ensure they are prosecuted for their crimes.
conduct: Police officers are required to practice fairness, abide by the laws
and regulations stipulated in the state or country’s constitution. In view of
this they act to protect the policies in the constitution. For every
profession, there is the existence of ethical code of conduct and the police
officers are no exception, since they must abide as per their own code of
of client’s needs: Professional police officer is required to put the needs of
the citizens as their first priority. They should ensure they follow all the
information given by their clients and serve them appropriately.
problem solving: They should have good expertise in solving cases that are
brought to their attention. They should solve the cases appropriately and
ensure the satisfaction and justices to all the parties that are involved or
interested in the cases at hand.
role in the criminal justice: They should be very involved in ensuring there is
justice in the criminal justice system and all the activities being done should
Advantages of Police Professionalism
community support and respect: professionalism improves the relationship
between the clients and the police officer, the improvement builds a bond
between them hence they get support.
conduct: acting professionally comes hand in hand with having ethical behaviour
in the service to man.
services are offered to the clients: as a professional one ought to offer high
quality services to their clients that leave them all satisfied
innovations: through professionalism one broadens their knowledge on many
issues hence they come up with new ideas that enable them performs their duties
problem solving: with time they get used to their tasks and are able to come up
with long lasting and appropriate ways to solve the problem.
Disadvantages of Police Professionalism
of training and development limits to entry in the workforce since not all the
people are able to afford the fees required to pay for the education level
required. Higher salaries or remuneration for the job occupant leads to a toll
on the government recurrent expenditure.
is an indicator that the police have the guaranteed experience, level of
education and the recruiters confirm they are able to handle most of the
challenges that they may be faced with. Police officers are required to work in
most demanding situations and are presumed to have ethical traits unlike the non-professionals
(Regoli, 1998). For professionals, their behaviour and attitude need to be
aligned with the set standards. Therefore, professionalism involves police
officers behaving as per the set professional standards.
may at times suffer due to organization indiscretion but it is judged of its
worthiness by the mistakes made by individual officers. UN professional acts by
police officers are taken lightly since they are the people entrusted to ensure
the safety and security of all the members of the public. The policing
profession may have not acquired the same level of respect as other
professions. The recognition may come from the institutions they are trained in
but in the case of policing the education is only acquired in stipulated police
institutions. Professional officers have a binding sense of vision and mission
to perform their duties with diligence having in mind what their true goal is since
professionalism is the basis of providing of good services (Crank, 1990).
times professionalism may not be at its best and may require a little boost to
help curb some of it negative consequences. Whenever
you involve police responsibility then there is an improvement in the situation
since even if not all the problems are solved at least the situation changes
and the face of professionalism as a general is improved and its reputation
changes where by people view it as a better department that can serve their
issues in the best way. In some cases, taking
responsibility for whatever actions one has taken goes a long way to fix so
many issues. Professionalism and responsibility gives a big boost to the
service to all which is the first duty of all the police officers available.
and trust from both parties is a core factor in achieving the laid-out
institution goals. The
level of the respect and
trust enjoyed in the system makes it
easy for the officers to perform their work effectively and efficiently. When
the objective of the workforce is well stipulated then the work is laid out
appropriately and they begin working on it in a responsible way putting into
consideration the laws and regulations that ought to be abided by, it starts on
a personal basis whereby whenever they practice objectivity in their personal life’s
it makes it easier for them to practice it also in their professions. Police
officers should always stand out as members of the criminal justice system even
when they are not in their line of duty.
responsibility is the core value of police ethics since it is through
professionalism that the officers acquire all the basic information and
knowledge about how they should go by handling their work and all other
situations that they may come across in their line of duty. It is also
concerned with the scope of work in which the police officers are going to be
involved in. They are required to uphold high ethical standards and ensure they
are working within the set rules and laws (Sean, 2014). With all the knowledge they
have acquired they are able to study the cases and study the new development in
each of the cases handling all their work diligently and appropriately in
accordance to the laws enforced in the state. Acting appropriately and proper
and fair treatment to all is the step of being an ethical individual but when there
is no professionalism in it the case would be so different since they would be
lacking a source of reference to work by and to refer to in order to know how
to treat members of the public and handle the situations they come across.
is the responsibility of police officers to ensure that law and order is maintained
in a state. In accordance to the stipulated duties they should ensure that all
the work that they do is proper and in respect to the laws that are set in the
state. Police officers are required to be in control at all times and should
always be in charge of all the activities taking place in the state ensuring
that no harm will come upon any member of the state.
ethics include allegiance, honesty, loyalty and courage. A code of ethics by
which laws enforce in a police department is a must be. In order for any law to
succeed it must have to be supported by the members of the public and the code
of ethics that enforces laws cannot be an exception. In order to build a good
and reputable image for the police department then their must always be a good
relationship between the police and the members of the public. They should
always ensure they practice police integrity whereby the supremacy of the
public opinion is always assured. It is very essential to the system upon which
safety depends is involved to higher degrees of efficiency. Police ethics may
entail the personal ethics of an individual and also the person’s skill of
order to promote ethics and ethical behaviour in the workforce some of these
aspects may be put into consideration:
law enforcement oath of office: This oath involves protecting, respecting and
abiding by the constitution. It also has a promise to act appropriately and
honourably avoiding offensive behaviour.
law enforcement code of ethics: It gives guidance to the police officers about
decision making. It states that the police are required to abide and enforce
the code of ethics.
an ethical mindset is a very critical moment for any officer. In order to
ensure that the development is up to stand and can continue being improved some
of the following factors can be considered:
the consequences: Before taking any action, the officer must first think of
what it will result to will the outcome be positive or negative, what type of
punishment am I to receive in case it is a crime.
before acting: thinking out an issue before putting yourself up to it gives you
a broader picture on how to handle it and gives options on the most appropriate
ways to handle the situations. In most situations misconduct may occur whenever
an office is faced by an unexpected ethical challenge, in this case they ought
to think it through and make an ethical decision.
high ethical standards: this may be on a personal basis to evaluate the type of
response one is giving to the situations that are at hand in the moment. It is
a personal decision for someone to act ethically and if one sets high ethical
standards he or she must be so committed to ensure that they responsibilities
are met in the best way they know how to deal with them.
an ethical mindset has the power to give a reputable personality in someone’s
professionalism and life in general. Police officers should always strive to leave
their own legacies in honour of those who were there before and in order to
give an example to be followed by those who will be coming after they have left
the workforce. By remembering the reason, they made a decision to enter in the
workforce it serves as a motivation to them as they ensure that they have met
their purpose in the special workforce.
the police profession they require a lot of responsibility, courage, and
integrity. It is very important for officers to also maintain top level
discretion in their work. Some of the information they may come across it of
top level secrets to ensure the safety of the public since some people who may
get a hold of the information may use it wrongly and try tampering with the
security of the state.
stipulates working in accordance to skills and training that has been acquired.
In police recruitment they identify the most suitable people to get trained and
acquire skills in order to use them in their training. Professionalism involves
achieving the good or bad in relation to the responsibilities and obligations .it
also involves working according to the stipulated principles of the career in
relates so highly with ethics since ethics encourages one to do what they ought
to, it highly advisees that people should put into consideration all relevant
aspects of the ethical problem considering basic ethical values. Acting in
accordance to the code of professionalism. In order for any progress to take
place the officers must have the willingness to improve their ethical behaviour
since both work hand in hand in order to ensure the progress of all the work
a police officer ought to listen to their client’s grievances and concerns and advise
them on the most suitable method to be used in handling the situation they are being
g faced with. They should always strive to ensure that they have a good relationship
with the clients. In most cases how
police officers prioritize and value thee cases of the clients goes a long way
in determining their long-term relationship.
should always try to position themselves in the positions occupied by the
clients in the cases they offer in order for them to be able to identify with
their struggles and dilemmas in order for them to be able to handle their cases
with fairness and honesty. Police officers should maintain their high level of
personal and professional behaviour possible. They should be ready to serve the
entire state and should not show a trace of any favours or interest to any
special group. We should strive to maintain awareness and constantly work
together towards achieving their long-term goal of ensuring safety in the state
and upholding those who have gotten involved in crimes and serving justice to
all those who haven’t been given any.
the profession the police must always ensure they perform their work in the
required legal functioning. They must ensure that they do not abuse their
rights or the rights of the members of the public. Since police are given
powers it is very important for them not to take advantage and use their powers
to mistreat the members of the public. Police integrity is very important and
is held so strongly by police ethics, police discretion and police
police are the most basic part of the criminal investigation agency. They work
directly with the public in order to ensure that their rights are not
compromised in any way. It is the protection of the rights of members of the
public which becomes a sole objective of any criminal justice system
has come and made a very big improvement in the policing sector educating more
about the importance of policing. It has boosted the careers image since all
have known their duties and responsibilities enforcing ethics in the
institution. Taking their duties seriously and working toward meeting their long-term
goals improves the reputations of the police department which encourages more
people to have faith and trust in the institution.
Crank, J.P (1990). Police professionals or
craftsmen? An empirical assessment of professionalism and craftsmanship among
municipal police agencies, Journal of criminal justice18 (4):333-349.
Regoli, R., Culbertson, G., Crank, P.,
& Poole, E. (1998). Linkages between professionalization and
professionalism among police chiefs, Journal of criminal justice, 16(2) 89-98.
Neyroud, P. (2008). Policing and Ethics.
Handbook of policing Portland Ore: Willan Publishing: 666-692.
O’Neil, S. (April. 24, 2014). Ethics code
of police. The Times. London, England: NI Syndication Limited.