Introduction Theoretical Foundations Change management is a basic skill

Introduction

In the present dynamic business world, when changes are not handled properly strains
the ability of entrepreneurs to improve the business of creating and maintaining competitive
advantage. Several organizations tend to adapt and change continuously to remain competitive
and effective. Latest statistics says that one out of three efforts towards organizational change
is successful by the leaders. Implementation of a successful change program is full of challenges
and the change management process remains highly difficult. change is considered an
opportunity to strengthen the business by aligning operations with strategy, take new risks and
advance careers. Change is not implemented in a single moment, and likewise the role of
business leaders in managing change should not be reduced to a single event. The manager’s
role in change must be active and visible in all phases of the change process. Theoretical models
of change management are the main aspects in implementing rapid change. The objective of
this essay is to discuss the challenges in the change management, which has become one of the
most important issues for HR managers in today’s world. The organization of the essay will
start with a discussion of the two change models and their challenges related to change
management. Finally, the essay will provide recommendations and suggestions that can be
helpful for management of change in the present business world.

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Perspective

Organizational

Organizational

Individual
Individual

Table 1.1.: Research questions (own illustration)
1 How does organizational culture affect change management?

Research Questions
2 How is organizational structure a determinant in change management

process?

3  How does leadership affect change management

4  How do resources have effects on change management

2. Theoretical Foundations

Change management is a basic skill that most leaders and managers should be competent
and ready to accept. Moreover, managerial interest in the topic has been stimulated by the
comments of Peter Drucker as to whether one can manage change at all or merely lead or
facilitate its occurrence within an organization. Typically, the objective is to maximize the
collective efforts of all people involved in the change and minimize the risk of failure of
implementing the change. Change is not implemented in a single moment, and the role of
leaders managing change should not be reduced to an event. The manager’s role in change must
be active in all phases of the change process. There are four types of change that an organization
goes through with the possibility of overlap among each phase. Operational changes can affect
the way in which the business operations are conducted. Strategic changes occur when the
direction or the strategy in which the business performed is affected. Cultural changes affect
the organizational rules such as the way the business is conducted. Political changes occur
primarily due to changes that happen on top levels in the organization, those working on the
bottom level often notice the change at the top.