IntroductionA. Health, safety and welfare at work. Employers duties – Provide and maintain a safe workplace which uses safe plant and equipment.- Prevent risks from use of any article or substance and from exposure to physical agents, noise and vibration.- Prevent any improper conduct or behaviour likely to put the safety, health and welfare of employees at risk.- Provide instruction and training to employees on health and safety.- Provide protective clothing and equipment to employees.- Appointing a competent person as the organisation’s Safety Officer. Employees’s duties- To take reasonable care to protect the health and safety of themselves and of other people in the workplace.- Not to engage in improper behaviour that will endanger themselves or others.- Not to be under the influence of drink or drugs in the workplace.- To undergo any reasonable medical or other assessment if requested to do so by the employer.- To report any defects in the place of work or equipment which might be a danger to health and safetyEquality Legislation.The Acts deal with discrimination related to any of the following nine grounds: – gender- civil status- family status- age- race- religion- disability- sexual orientation- membership of the Traveller communityDisability: Employers are obliged to make reasonable accommodations for staff with disabilities.This includes providing access to employment, enabling people with disabilities to participate in employment including promotion, and training.Pregnancy: Pregnancy-related discrimination is discrimination on the ground of gender and includes recruitment, promotion and general conditions of employment. Women who are pregnant or have recently given birth are also protected under maternity protection and unfair dismissals legislation.Equal pay: Employment equality legislation provides for equal pay for like work. Like work is defined as work that is the same, similar or work of equal value. It is one of the terms that must be part of the contract of employment as a result of laws passed by the Dail. A claim for equal pay can be made on any of the 9 grounds listed above.Harassment including sexual harassment is a form of discrimination in relation to conditions of employment. Victimisation: Under employment equality legisation you are protected against victimisation if you bring a claim or are involved in a complaint of unlawful discrimination against your employer. This means that your employer may not penalise you by dismissal, unfair treatment or an unfavourable change in your conditions of employment.Trade UnionsEmployees have a right set down in the Constitution to join a trade union. A trade union can provide an important source of information and protection in relation to employment matters, as well as negotiating with the employer for better pay and conditions.There is no legal obligation on an employer to negotiate with a union on behalf of an employee member, unless previously agreed. This does not prevent a dispute about trade union recognition from being a lawful dispute.If you are already in the job without being a union member and are at a later stage required to join a union by your employer, you can refuse, as this is unconstitutional.Other Employment Regulation IssuesMinimum wage – Most experienced adult workers are entitled to be paid a minimum wage of €9.55 per hour. There are however, some exceptions to this minimum wage, including people employed by close relatives, people aged under 18 and trainees or apprentices. You must also give your employees payslips showing their wages and any deductions that have been made.Leave – Nearly all employees, full-time, part-time, temporary or casual have annual leave and public holiday entitlements from the time they start work. Most employees are entitled to 4 weeks’ paid annual leave per leave year. Part-time workers’entitlement is generally calculated as 8% of the hours worked subject to a maximum of 4 working weeks per leave year. Employers can determine the timing of annual leave, taking into consideration work and personal requirements; however you should consult your employee or their union in advance. Your employee can request pay for annual leave in advance. You are also obliged to allow employees to avail of statutory protective leave, such as maternity leave, paternity leave, health and safety leave, parental leave, adoptive leave, and carer’s leave. There is specific legislation setting down the rules for each entitlement.B.Public-The Public Sector is usually comprised of organizations that are owned and operated by the government and exist to provide services for its citizens. Similar to the voluntary sector, organizations in the public sector do not seek to generate a profit. e.g HospitalsPrivate- The private sector is the part of a country’s economic system that is run by individuals and companies, rather than the government. Most private sector organizations are run with the intention of making profit. E.g Easons, Mcdonalds. Vlountary- There is a great number of registered voluntary organisation and registered charities, with branches, services and volunteers throughout Ireland. They provide information, support and training to individuals and families in need of assistance and advice. e.g Childrens’ Rights Alliance, Women’s Aid.C.
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