Is it possible for machine-based thinking be perceived to exhibit intelligence and to have minds that makes them gain the status of humans? This is a question that has been addressed by ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE various philosophers and remains a significant debate especially with the advancements in artificial intelligence. The I Robot film has presented a robot called Sonny as having multiple processes which can make it be seen as having the status of a person. Litch has addressed the controversy about whether machines can be conscious in her description of the senses relating to the term consciousness. John Searle also conducted the Chinese room experiment in which he claims that artificial intelligence can be comparable to a person’s thinking. This paper will address the topic of the number of senses that Sonny has according to the term “consciousness” and whether Searle would agree with this based on the Chinese room thought experiment. Plot Details of I Robot I Robot (2004), is a film that has its setting in 2035 a period in which anthropomorphic robots are widely used as servants to perform various public services. The story of the film follows Del Spooner who is a Chicago homicide detective in 2035 (Pransky, 2004). The robots have spread throughout all the levels of human society, and they are being manufactured and distributed by the U.S. Robotics (USR). These robots have been programmed to follow the Three Laws of Robotics which are: never to cause harm to a human or let human be harmed, to always obey the humans except when the command is a violation of the 1st law, and thirdly to offer protection to its existence except when this is a violation of the 1st and 2nd Laws. The Chicago police detective, Del Spooner, is given a duty to conduct an investigation into the death of Dr. Alfred Lanning who was a founder of the U.S. Robotics. Although his death was termed as suicide, Del Spooner did not believe this, and thus he profoundly engages in the investigation whereby he finds a robot in Dr. Lanning’s office from whereby he fell from the building. The strange thing about the robot that Spooner found was that it threatened his life and ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE disobeyed orders. The robot had free will and violated the Three Robotic Laws which convinced Spooner that the robot by the name Sonny was behind the death of Dr. Lanning. This is because the robot had emotions and could dream and thus it had a good reason for murdering Dr. Lanning. This creates the worst time in the history of the U.S. Robotics since the company was starting building a new model of NS-5 robots to the world which was not suspecting that a robot could violate the robotic laws. Spooner together with Susan Calvin who is a robo-psychologist also finds out that Sonny could too flee and ignore the stand down as commanded by Spooner and even knock his pistol out which is a violation of the robotic laws (Pransky, 2004). Sonny is thus advanced than the average robot and could also ask questions like what it was and hence being more like a human. Litch’s Senses of the Term “Consciousness The term consciousness involves the personal awareness of having unique memories, thoughts, sensations, feelings, and the environment. Human beings are not only conscious of the world surrounding them but also of themselves regarding their bodies, activities, and their mental lives. According to Litch’s senses of consciousness, the first thought of knowledge involves sensing the environment and then behaving according to the information received from the interaction with the situation. Litch provides an example of perceiving a wall and avoiding it rather than walking into it. Another conscious in Litch’s term involves the awareness of what an individual is sensing and doing (Litch and Karofsky, 2014). In this sense of consciousness, Litch provides an example of an individual monitoring the bodily movements to ensure that the individual gets from home to the workplace. The other reason in Litch’s consciousness involves an individual being subjective to feelings and also includes the external senses and ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE emotions. The Litch’s Senses of Consciousness that Sonny HaveThe senses of consciousness addressed by Litch are heavily explored in the storyline of the I Robot film specifically through the character of Sonny. Sonny has all the Litch’s senses of the term consciousness, and although Sonny is a robot, he has an awareness that is more like that of the humans. The first sense of Litch in the term consciousness is sensing the environment, and Sonny has this ability because he uses the artificial intelligence to detect the environment and act accordingly (Davies, 2015). This is evident when Sonny flees from Spooner and even knock his pistol out as he flew away. Sonny also has the Litch’s consciousness sense of awareness whereby he has been created with advanced artificial intelligence that makes him unique concerning knowing what is happening. When Spooner is investigating the death of Dr. Lanning, he finds Sonny hiding in Lanning’s office which suggests that although Sunny was a robot, he was aware that Lanning was dead and thus he had to protect from detective Spooner. Sonny also has the third sense of Litch’s consciousness which is having subjective feelings such as emotions (Litch and Karofsky, 2014). He is self-aware to the extent of asking what he was and also felt emotions such as the fear of death which explains why he appreciated life when threatened to be killed. However, despite Sonny having Litch’s senses of consciousness, this doesn’t make him human because he is programmed and therefore he cannot have the ability to feel or achieve full consciousness indeed. Searle’s Chinese Room Thought ExperimentSearle’s Chinese room thought experiment refutes some conception about the role of ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. Artificial intelligence in human cognition. Searle’s suggest that there is a weak and a secure version of artificial intelligence. He indicates that in strong artificial intelligence, the system implements the correct program with both the right outputs and inputs. This makes the sharp artificial intelligence have cognition in precisely a similar way that human beings have thoughts, memory, and understanding (Mandik, 2013). Searle also suggests that the weak artificial intelligence can only be useful in the study of human cognition or the study of the various scientific areas. This is because the correct simulation of the strong artificial intelligence is a mind while the accurate simulation of weak artificial intelligence is the model of the brain. Searle’s Chinese Room Thought Experiment and the I Robot According to Searle’s experiment, Sonny has strong artificial intelligence because he expresses an understanding that he is different from other robots and has feelings and emotions which the standard robots lack. When tells detective Spooner that he has no wish of dying and goes further to express his value of life and the fear of death. These qualities are displayed in humans which is a thing in the film that leaves the audience with a new consideration about whether Sonny is alive. Although Sonny has the Litch’s senses of consciousness, this doesn’t make him human because he is programmed and therefore he cannot have the ability to feel or achieve full consciousness indeed. Searle would not agree with this conclusion because according to his Chinese room thought experiment, Sonny has strong artificial intelligence because he understands the difference between him and other robots and he also has feelings and emotions. Searle would thus ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Claim that strong artificial intelligence have cognition in precisely a similar way that human beings have thoughts, memory, and understanding. Therefore, as claim Sonny cannot achieve full consciousness because he has been programmed, Searle would disagree with this and argue that Sonny has strong artificial intelligence and thus he can gain full consciousness like that in humans.
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