Javed SamuelPublic policy pol 2353Prof Dr. Hill KrishnanFall 2017 Homeless new in New York city Have you ever asked yourself this question, what would it be like to be homeless? Imagine not knowing where you will sleep tonight. On a more everyday level, how would it feel not to have a bath for weeks and to wear dirty clothes every day? There are thousands upon thousands of people here in New York who doesn’t know what’s it’s like to have a home .We have all seen people on the side of the street asking for some change with all their possession in a single black bag. Homelessness goes beyond the average man or woman sitting beside the road, people whole are placed in temporary housing, bed and breakfast and hotel rooms are also homeless, temporary accommodation is also considered homeless. There are many non-for profit organizations they focus on providing homes for young people.
They provide emergency night shelters and short stay hostels. Research shows that more than 80% of the young people who turn to shelters for help are homeless due to family breakdown, abuse or eviction. Many young people suddenly become homeless following the death of a guardian. It seems a double blow to be bereaved and homeless. It is often the case that these young people result to the road side before seek help. It is difficult to understand how people become homeless and research shows that they are all ages, from all areas and backgrounds. Many of these 16 to 20 year olds have no qualifications or means of supporting themselves financially. I feel that if our society wants these people to become self-sufficient, it is essential to offer help in the form of housing, and assisting them to either return to school, or to gain qualifications through training programs to improve their chances of finding worthwhile employment.
Tragically, many homeless young people are “befriended” by drug addicts or encouraged into prostitution. For those who have run away from home because of abuse, one wonders how bad their home circumstances must have been if they would prefer to face the risks of addiction and sexually transmitted disease. Older people can face homelessness when they lose their jobs and are evicted from their homes because they cannot pay the rent. Sometimes these people have physical or mental health problems as well. Unfortunately, in some circumstances these people either have no family, or their families are unable or unwilling to help them. Single homeless people are not a high priority for housing assistance and are therefore more likely to be sleeping rough, huddled under a bridge, trying to keep warm with newspapers.Other homeless people are offenders.
They have paid for their crime and yet they find themselves unable to find a job and therefore without resources. It is sad that many people coming out of prison have nowhere to go and may eventually end up in prison again. Often these people have been exposed to drugs in prison and will resort to dealing as a means of making money.Anyone can turn to crime out of desperation, ending up harming others to steal money. If people become homeless because of family breakdown or employment problems, should we not as a society make a stronger effort to help these people? Homelessness and having no money creates a climate for crime which is what we want to prevent. For example, young people could have anonymous safe places to go to if they are in abusive situations.
They should know that there is at least one adult at school who they can talk to, or a number they can phone. Although there are charities offering phone line assistance, it is not sufficient.The people who receive the least sympathy, it seems, are the mothers with small children.
Although they may not be sleeping rough, these families are often in very cramped accommodation and they cannot really make it feel like a home. If they are fortunate enough to be given council housing they are often envied or disliked by others and made to feel that they have been given something they do not deserve. However, we do not know their circumstances and they may have been the victims of sexual abuse or domestic violence. It would be far better for them and their children to be in a safe place than to risk further violence. Assemble evidence: Data compiled from New York city Coalition for the homeless New York City’s Homeless Shelter Population: A Snapshot (October 2017)· Total number of homeless people in municipal shelters: 62,963· Number of homeless families: 15,689· Number of homeless children: 23,445· Number of homeless adults in families: 23,707· Number of homeless single adults: 15,742· Number of homeless single men: 11,531· Number of homeless single women: 4,21 Note:Coalition for the Homeless relies on public data sources for statistics about the New York City homeless shelter population. These data sources record the nightly (or average nightly) number of homeless people residing in municipal homeless shelters as well as the unduplicated number of different people who utilize municipal homeless shelters each year.
The Coalition reports on the number of homeless adults and children residing in the municipal shelter system, which is primarily administered by the NYC Department of Homeless Services. This does not include data about homeless people residing in other public and private shelters including: families and individuals residing in domestic violence shelters; runaway and homeless youth residing in youth shelters; homeless people living with AIDS residing in special emergency housing; homeless people residing in faith-based shelters; and homeless people sleeping overnight in drop-in centers. Our reports focus on the municipal shelter system because data for that system is historically consistent over three decades. Moreover, the large majority of homeless New Yorkers in public and private shelters — approximately nine out of ten — reside in the municipal shelter system. Alternatives Housing First Because homelessness is fundamentally defined by lack of housing, housing is the essential foundation to ending homelessness.
Housing is safety and security. Housing provides a stable launch pad from which people can get and keep a job, address mental illness and substance use, take care of their health and nutrition, and find purposeful roles in the community. Housing is essential, but it is not sufficient.
Housing alone, without attention to health, behavioral health, employment and education, and other supports, will continue to result in instability and recurrent homelessness for many people. A report by the Bassuk Center on Homeless and Vulnerable Children and Youth found that services are equally important—the other half of the equation that can provide stability and prevent future homelessness. Rent Control Rent regulation can take various forms, including rent control (the placing of a cap on the rent that can be charged) and rent stabilization (setting limits on how much rent can be raised over time). Supporters argue that introducing controls helps ensure that households on low and middle incomes are not squeezed out of cities in which housing costs are soaring. In many booming cities, growth has pushed up rents, and over time the composition of many neighborhoods has changed in favor of those who can afford higher prices. Supporters of rent control often point to Germany, where it is illegal to charge rent more than 20% above the level charged for a comparable property.
Job creation In recent years, media reports of a growing economy and low unemployment mask several important reasons why homelessness persists, and, in some areas of the country, is worsening. These include stagnant or falling incomes, and less secure jobs that offer fewer benefits. Now, as the United States experiences the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression, the homeless population has increased significantly. The worsening economy and rising unemployment numbers emphasize several reasons why homelessness continues to exist and grow in exponential numbers in the United States. While past years have seen growth in real wages at all levels, wage growth has collapsed over the past six months. Nominal hourly wages of production workers grew at only one-sixth the rate from December 2007. Also, workers also face a cut in hours and nominal weekly earnings have declined. As the recent growth in wages has declined, it illustrates that the recession affects everyone including those able to keep their jobs while adding pressure to the consumption growth which experts estimate will further delay economic recovery (Economic Policy Institute, 2009).
Fairness Cost Effectiveness Political Acceptability Freedom Total Job creation 3 3.5 3 2 11.5 Rent control 1 2 2 1 6 Housing First 3.5 3 2.5 3 12 Evacuation Protection .
5 1 1 1 3.5 Housing First in FinlandSince 2008 the national homelessness strategy in Finland has been based on the Housing First model, because of dedicated cooperation between the state, municipalities and NGOs.Investments have been made to provide affordable housing and shelters have been converted into supported housing units. New services and methods of help have been developed to match the multiple needs of individual tenants.Finland has all but eradicated rough sleeping and sustainably housed a significant number of long-term homeless people. Finland is the only country in Europe where the number of homeless people has declined in recent years.There was a strong political will to find new solutions for homelessness. There were a few local reactions concerning the location of new service facilities.
However, those were mainly overcome by open interaction with the neighborhoods. How easily can the model be replicated in New York city?The housing First initiative would be ideal for New York city even though the homelessness problem may differ from countries which have implemented it, it will most certainly work once the overall goal is to defeat homeless and not any egotistical accomplishment There is no quick fix to all life situations but a solid base provides the foundations upon which to improve the welfare of the homeless. Being an immigrant to this county I have had close friends what have battled though homeless and it is indeed a daunting task. Willing works, never absorbed any form of drugs just victim to a bind eyed system.
As note din my opening statement any one of any demographic can be victim to homelessness so you should treat the issue as a priority. The first step in change is the change in attitudes.