Mahatma Gandhi once quoted, “the state of development of a nation can only be judged by the way theiranimals are treated”. This quote shows how important it is to take goodcare of animals as they are also living things, just like us. Animal cruelty isthe acts towards animals which can cause death or by making their lives unpleasant.This is a very serious matter which is actually happening all around the world.There are many organizations in Malaysia like Society for the Prevention ofCruelty to Animals (SPCA) and Malaysian National Animal Welfare Foundation(MNAWF) that are working hard to improve and handle this issue. However, wealso need to carry our responsibility in order to decrease the violence rateand cruelty towards animals.
Animal cruelty is a broad subject which covers thetype of animal cruelty, examples of animal cruelty and ways that should betaken to stop animal cruelty. There are two types of animal cruelty which are activecruelty and passive cruelty. Active cruelty is also considered as intentionalabuse and it happens when the abuser tends to abuse the animals physically.
Forexample, killing, shooting, beating, strangling the innocent animals for theirown selfish needs. In active abuse, there is significant focus on the animalswhere the abuser aims to cause discomfort and suffering to the animals, andfeels good from his or her action (Ascione, 2008, p.225).
Passive cruelty is atype of cruelty where it does not involve physical abuse but the owners neglecttheir animals by not giving them sufficient foods and drinks which may lead tostarvation and dehydration, poor shelter during unpleasant weather, and lack ofveterinary care. Animal neglect is attributed to lack of concern to animals’suffering and failure to act where the animals conditions are completelydisregard and the abuser does not care about the suffering that may occur(Ascione, 2008, p.225).
Next, there are many examples of animal cruelty. Theexamples can be classified into three categories such as for entertainmentindustry, clothing and experimentation. In the entertainment industry, animalcircus is very common. The training method can be very extreme and brutal. Thisis because, the trainers use dangerous and painful tools to train the animalssuch as muzzles, electric pods, whips and many more.
The animals are alsochained and locked in cages. Besides that, animals’ fur are also used forclothing. The process of getting the animals’ fur are very inhumane as thereare certain animals that are skinned alive.
The animals were beaten to death,slaughtered, electrocuted, poisoned and suffocated all for the sake of moneyand fashion industry. For instance, due to the uniqueness and valuableness of Karakul’slamb fur, which is known as “astrakhan,””broadtail,” or “Persian wool”, that starts to untwine and straighten in less thanthree days of birth, many Karakul lambs are slaughtered while they are stillnewborn or in their mother’s womb (AnimalsUsed for Clothing, n.d). Other than that, animal cruelty is alsoshown during experimentation on animals such as animal testing for cosmeticproducts. Most of the animal testing process takes place because the cosmeticcompany wants to evaluate the safety of the products ingredients. The examples of animal testsinvolve forcing rats and mice to breathe in poisonous gases, force-feeding dogswith pesticides,and rubbing corroding chemicals into rabbits’ skins and eyes(Suckow and Stewart, 2017, p.
22).Apart from that, there are several ways that we can do tostop animal cruelty. One of the ways is by reporting the act of animal cruelty.If you witness animal cruelty, quickly report it to the local animal control sothat they can take further action. Make sure you provide as much information aspossible to assist the investigating officer. Animal neglect may need aneducational visit from animal control officer while animal abuse may requirethe relocation of animal from the home (Rosenthal, 2012). Besides that, public education is also vitalin order to educate the public about animal cruelty. Public seminar, campaigns,conference, and expedition can be held to raise awareness about animal cruelty.
For example, you can invite speakers to share their experience dealing withanimal cruelty or by giving a talk on how to become a responsible pet owner.Through educational programme and public awareness about animal welfare, we cantry to intervene in this matter before violence begin. Furthermore, enforcingthe law is also one of the ways to stop animal cruelty. Recently, our countryhas officially implemented Animal Welfare Act2015 (Act 772) on 1st June 2017. The new law has much stricterpenalties for a range of offences after animal protectionists have pressed forstronger animal welfare laws.
According to Minister of Agriculture andAgro-based Industry, Ahmad Shabery Cheek, those who are found guilty of abusingthe animals will be fined a minimum of RM20,000 and court action (New Straits Times,2017). By enforcing the law, it will give a lesson to animal abuser so thatthey will not repeat the same mistake again and also as a warning to the societyabout this issue. Therefore, it is our responsibility to stop animal cruelty byreporting it to the authority, giving public education and enforcing the law. In conclusion, we should know the types and examples ofanimal cruelty and also ways to stop animal cruelty from becoming far morewidespread. The two types of animal cruelty are passive and active cruelty, andit come in many forms such as for entertainment, clothing and for experimentaltesting.
As a responsible citizen, it is very important for us to be alertabout the animal cruelty that is happening around us and we should take seriousactions whenever we see animal cruelty by reporting it to the animal control, raisingawareness by organizing public education and by enforcing the existing law.There are more people who are not aware of animal cruelty and thus it is ourresponsibility to instil the awareness of animal welfare to the public in orderto create a better future for all living things.