Medicnal Rheede’s work where the complete nomenclature of Indian

Medicnal Plants (Jain, 1968) ensembles knowledge of some
known plants and their drugs are described by the common names, name of the
families, Indian names, their distribution in India with the authentication from
literature and herbaria have been fully mentioned. “Medicinal plants used on Ayurvedic preparations” (A.C. Dey, 1980)
has many aspects of literature describing both the ancient and modern forms
summarizing a collection of around 500 yoga’s preparations having nearby 200 species
of plants. All the mentioned plants have been described by the identities such
as botanical names, descriptions related to the parts used of the plant (root,
stem, leaf, fruit), about the active principle ingredients which shows
variations in terms of physiological forms, varieties, about the quality,
collected parts and the way of processing which play a crucial role for having
a desired plant based drug of good quality. “Indian Pharmacy Industry” (Singh et al., 2001) have mentioned the rising trends focusing on R &
D, tie-ups with brands for the marketing and company acquisitions. In the book
there has been a discussion of regulation of the market policies regarding
purchase of drugs and changes carried out showing the prices of drugs. “Indian
Plants & Drugs” (K.M. Nandkarni, 1908) attempted to study around 200
drugs of herbal origin mentioning the sections of these herbs and their role in
medicine.

Interest in the use of
plants for the medicinal purposes dated back to ancient period where the
ancient manuscripts such as “Rig Veda, The Bible, The Odyssey, The Iliad and
The History of Herodotus mentioned the cure of several ailments through plants.
Worldwide many herbs have been used in Eqyptian, Chinese, Roman, Indian and
Greek civilizations. “De Materia Medica”,
written in 77BC by Dioscorides fully transformed the history of the branch of
science of curing and healing which is in high esteem even today. In 1753,
Linnaeus published “Species Plantarum” based on Rheede’s work where the
complete nomenclature of Indian plants was given. Siddha, Ayurveda and Unani
are the indigenous systems of medicine, playing an important role in the
pharmaceutical formulations. (Srinivasan et
al., 2001). Our country has served as the base of traditional medicine
systems for more than 3000 years which are mainly plant based drugs. Rig Veda (4500-1600
BC) and Atharva Veda which are considered as the ancient texts have mentioned
the plants for their medicinal uses. Charaka Samhita and Susruta Samhita are
the ancient books on Ayurvedic medicines which include around 7000 herbs for
the medicinal uses. (Jain, 1968). A lot of books describing the complete
knowledge of traditional medicinal plants exploring the vast diversity of flora
throughout the country have been fully mentioned in ancient texts related to
Siddha and Ayurveda. Several books on Indian medicine based on herbal plants
were written and work was greatly recognized all over the world, such works
include some of the books like Poisonous
Plants Of India’ (Chopra et al.,
1949),  ‘Indian Materia Medica’ (1976), Jain’s ‘Dictionary of Indian Folk Medicine and ethanobotany’ (1991), Indigenous Drugs Of India (Chopra,
1958), Flora of British Indica ( Hooker and C.B. ,1982) covered
around 1855 plant species essaying the complete physical and climatic features
of the country and dividing into the provinces based on botany and geography.

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