Most United States citizens wouldcall our form of government a Democracy. Really, like the ancient Romans, weare considered a Republic.
In a Democracy, the majority rules. In a Republic,the people voice their opinion by electing a representative to go intogovernment for them. A Republic has a constitution, is ruled by law, and theminority groups are better represented. With a pure democracy, a minority groupcan be ignored when the majority doesn’t care about them and the laws don’tprotect them.In a Republic, the constitutionsgenerally allow for freedom of religion, voting rights for all citizens, andthe representatives that are voted into office work together to create the lawsand regulations that govern the people. In both Republics and Democracies decisions are made by voting, but in aRepublic, one vote does not always have as much weight as another. For example,this is why Donald Trump was the Electoral College and Hillary Clinton won thepopular vote. In the case, Trump one more representatives as part of theRepublic form of government and Clinton won more votes.
If we were a pureDemocracy, Hillary Clinton would be president. Both the United States and Rome began withoverthrowing a different form of government. The United States went to war withthe British and won their independence from the Monarchy, and in Roman timesthe Romans overthrew the Etruscans. When they set up their governments, allmales over the age of 15 were allowed a vote and considered citizens. In the United States, at first just white menwere citizens, and then later there were laws passed that eventually grantedall people born in the United States citizenship and the right to vote, plusimmigrants could become citizens. In both the Roman and U.S.governments, the representatives that were voted in could create laws, andthere were checks and balances for power.
Usually, there were two sides. Likein the U.S. we have Democrats and Republicans, in the Roman Republic, they hadPatricians and Plebeians. Both sides can have different ideas, but the idea isto compromise so that the people each side represents get some of what theywant.
The other similarity between the Roman Republic and the United Statesgovernment is that wealthier people are more likely to get elected because theyhave the money to campaign and become well-known to the voters.There are differences between theRoman government and the United States government. The United States elects aPresident, who is one person that is the Head of State for four years. TheRoman government elected two consuls that served a term of one year together.Each month the consul would rotate as an “Imperium”, the person in charge.
Although, once an Emperor was in place in 27 BC, the Imperium didn’t have muchreal power. The Roman government does allow for a Dictator to take power. TheUnited States does not.The United States also has aJudicial branch of government. The Judicial branch of the U.S.
government makessure that the laws the representatives create are in line with the constitutionand then helps interpret the constitution when people disagree with what itmeans. Our District Courts and the Supreme Court make sure that the rule of lawis followed and applied equally. They are nominated by the President. Finally, one of the biggestdifferences is that Roman Senators served their term for life. U.S.
Senatorsserve a term of only six years, and some people think that is still too long.In the U.S. if you do not like your representative, you can vote them out ofoffice instead of being stuck with them for life.