MultiModal System For Safety On RailwaysDheebika.V, Computer Science and Engineering, S.A. Engineering CollegeLokeswari.
R,Computer Science and Engineering, S.A. Engineering CollegeDrR.
Prasanna Kumar, Professor, S.A. Engineering CollegeChennai,India Abstract– Transportationnetworks are one of the most important aspect for economic development of acountry.Accidents in railways leads to loss of lives and financial loss for thegovernment.
Modern railway transportsystems are designed under the principles of safety and reliability, and thedevelopment of high-speed railway lines is based on such premises. Thisprojects are designed based on railway safety. Here we propose a systemwhich consisting of ultrasonic sensor, camera, GPS, and GSM. This project describes a camera with MATLAB software which is used inintegrating visuals and programs.
This also gives a graphical user interfacefor this model. This helps us to detect an object on the track , thus giving us the image ofthe hindrance on the track.GPS are used here to get the location and GSM are usedhere as a communication channel to transmit GPS coordinates, like geographylocation.
I. INTRODUCTIONRailway transportation is known as thebackbone of Indian economy. Safety on railway networks has to be maintained forthe security of the people is guaranteed. Several monitoring system suchas stereo visions, thermal scanners, and vision metric etc.
, are used inmonitoring platforms. But they could not achieve the goal by detecting theobstacle on the tracks. Thestructure and performance of transportation network reflects the ease oftravelling and transferring goods among the different parts of a country thus affecting trade and otheraspects of country’s economy. II.ACCIDENTS Accordingto the statistics, signal system failures, track failures, vehicle breakdownare some of the causes of train accidents.
Obstacle on the train tracks is themost important reason. The obstacle may be any vehicle, animals and humanscrossing the track and also in some cases any cracks on the rails. Around15,000 lives are lost rail accidents. The unmanned crossings are responsiblefor maximum number of train accidents III.EXISTING SYSTEM In all transport systems safety and reliability arehighly considered, particularly in railways. In Railway System all the controlare done through man power.
In this present condition we have faced thefollowing problems wastage of time,wastage of energy and difficulty for a manual operator. Because of theconstant need to improve rail safety, the existence of the objects on tracksare considered, particularly the grade crossings. DISADVANTAGES: · Thissystem needs human being to detect the obstacles.· Ittake time to detect the obstacle. IV.PROPOSEDSYSTEMInproposed method we develop a safety system for Indian railway and human beings.Thesystem consist of microcontroller which is interfaced with GPS module, GSMmodem, Buzzer, Ultrasonic Sensor, and LCD display.The ultrasonic sensor sensesthe obstacle in front of the train and send information to the centralizedserver using UART and the display unit of the train.
The camera along with theMATLAB capture the detected obstacle image in front of the train and check whattype of obstacles are detected and send the information of the detectedobstacle image to the centralized server using UART. If any obstacles aredetected in front of the train the GPS are used here to find the location ofthe obstacles detected train information, and GSM are used to send the locationof the obstacle detected location information to the nearby railway station byusing UART.Here MATLAB are used to check what type of obstacle are detected. Buzzer are also used here toproduce alarm if any obstacles are detected infront of the train. ADVANTAGES:AvoidaccidentsIdentifythe obstacles detected train locationReducetime to find the obstacles infront of the train. BLOCKDIAGRAM ARDUINO Camera MATLAB UART GPS UART Ultrasonic Sensor ADC UART GSM LCD DISPLAY Buzzer HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS: · Arduino· GSM· GPS· LCDDisplay· UART· Powersupply module· Ultrasonicsensor· Camera· Buzzer SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS: · MATLAB· EMBEDDEDC V.
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