Music is a form of art that has been known for decades.
Inthe past decades music was made by just using an instrument; however, in thepresent, music can be made by just using the new technologies such as acomputer. There are many types of music genre such as blues, rap, hip-hop, rap,country and classical and they affect people differently. People listen tomusic all day every day. People turn on the radio on their way to work, school,mall, road trips or just going back home. However, not everyone likes the sametype of music because of the lyrics or just because it is too slow, too fast,up or down temple or even eclectic. This is because humans have differentpersonalities; therefore, someone might like hip hop and not like country,while others might love country music or classical. However, Jasemi, Aazami andZabihi have found out that music is good for the body and soul and that ithelps humans with their emotions.
One way that music is being used withpatients in the many health settings such as is mental health, oncology,children and with the elderly in nursing homes is by doing music therapy. Thereare many research done to determine if music therapy is effective andbeneficial in patients with mental health disorder or if patients should onlybe treated with medications or psychotherapy. According to the researcharticle, The Effects of Music in Anxiety and Depression of Cancer Patients(2016) music is an easy, inexpensive, and safe method” that helps patients. Music therapy isa great benefit for patients with mental health disorders.Mentalhealth is defined health conditions involvingchanges in thinking, emotion or behavior by the American PsychiatricAssociation (APA). Mental health affects everyone, from children to theelderly and no one should be ashamed of seeking help and treatment.
Treatmentsettings may include an outpatient clinic, inpatient hospital, schools,assisted and long-term care nursing homes. There are many diagnoses related tomental health; however, anxiety and depression are the most diagnoses in apatient. Anxietyis when a person is having emotions that are either caused by worrying too muchor when dealing with a problem, illness or stress. Anxiety is defined by theAmerican Psychological Association (APA) as an emotioncharacterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physicalchanges. The APA also defines depression as being more than just sadness. People with depression mayexperience a lack of interest, pleasure in daily activities, significant weightloss or gain, insomnia or excessive sleeping, lack of energy, inability toconcentrate, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt and recurrentthoughts of death or suicide (APA). Patientsthat are diagnosed with anxiety and depression feel sad daily and if nottreated it can affect the patient’s daily life. Anxiety and depression bothaffect a patient’s mental health and the patient may not have the appropriatecoping skills to deal with the symptoms.
Therefore, a patient may seektreatment for it, which may include Psychotherapy and medication management.Psychotherapy or individual sessions are one way that patients can identify theissues that they are presenting and come up with the right treatment plan andcoping skills to deal with the diagnosis. Patients may need one session or moreto manage the situation and meet their goals.
Medication management is providedto a patient if medication is needed. Thereare different ways that a patient can have therapy sessions. This can be eitherindividually or in a group. Another important branch is music therapy. Music therapyis a type of treatment that can be used to treat patients with any mentalhealth diagnosis. It is defined by the American music therapy as the clinical and evidence-based use of musicinterventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeuticrelationship (American Music Therapy Association 2017). This type of therapy helps patients to reduce the levelsof physical, emotional, and mental health.
Music Therapy can only be providedby therapist who have been educated and have a licensed to practice. Music therapyis used to achieve therapeutic goals such as self-awareness, improve theindividuals motor skills and cognitive functions. Every individual has anassessment done and a treatment plan is developed to achieve the therapeuticgoal that has been established. Musictherapy is being used with patients that have been diagnosed with cancer. Oncea patient has this diagnosis they start to develop anxiety and depression.Developing this diagnosis is normal in a patient with because it is alife-changing experience.
According to Jasemi, Aazami, and Zabihi (2016)”anxiety and depression adversely affect the progression of cancer treatment,progress of cancer disease, treatment efficiency, and the patients’ quality oflife” Therefore, patients were being referred for mental health services suchas individual therapy and the medication management. However, due to the highrocketing cost in the health systems patients were introduced to a low-costtreatment, music therapy. Anotherway that music therapy is being used with patients is controlling their painlevels and learning how to manage it in a nonpharmaceutical approach. Individualperceive and treat pain in many ways. Music therapy does not treat pain, but itis an option that patient can use to help with their pain in anonpharmaceutical approach. According to Jo-Anne Gaughan-Cabral “Music Therapyhelps during chemotherapy and radiation because it helps the patient relax, itis mindfulness and soothing” (J. Gaughan-Cabral, Clinic Director December 01,2017).
This is because patients will have to undergo a series of treatment suchas chemotherapy and radiations and music allows for the patient to be able toexpress themselves. It helps the patient relax and be able to cope with theirsymptom due to treatment.Notonly is music therapy being used with patients that have been diagnosed withcancer and develop anxiety and depression, but it is also being used withpatients that have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s is progressiveand includes memory loss.
Due to the changes in a patient, they might developmood and behavior changes. Patients that have been diagnosed with Alzheimer’scan also develop anxiety and depression secondary. Research was done by Walland Duffy (2010) that “music contains many different elements, including rhythmand melody” it helps patients to relax and even can recall some of theirmemories. Therefore, it decreased thesymptoms of their mood and their behavior. Alzheimer’s also can be challengingto the patient, family and caregivers. Therefore, introducing music therapy isa great way to manage the symptoms and the changes in behavior that patientdevelop.
Music therapy is also a great tool to help the patients because ithelps patients calm down, recall their memory and it allows for the patient tohave a social interaction with others and not feel isolated in their own world.Lastly,Music therapy is not just listening to music on the radio, cassette or an iPod.Music therapy can also be by playing an instrument such as a piano, violin oreven just singing out loud. The deliveryof the therapy will depend on the patients’ abilities and their choice. Itallows for patients not to just improve their emotions but stay active duringthe session.
Playing the different instruments allows for the patient toimprove their self-esteem and not feel down because of their diagnosis. Accordingto Jo-Anne Gaughan- Cabral “playing instruments allows for the patient to feel incontrol of their emotions and allows for the patient to express them in a convenientand productive way” (J. Gaughan-Cabral, Clinic Director December 01, 2017). Throughresearch, music has been found to be helpful in patients that have developedanxiety and depression secondary to their main diagnosis, such as cancer and Alzheimer’sin this case. Music therapy has shown to be helpful with buildingcommunications and coping skills with a patient that have been diagnosed withdifferent health issues. Music therapy should not only be used for this type ofpatient but for children, teenagers and the adults with any diagnosis.
Mental illness does not discriminate; itcan affect anyone regardless of your age, gender, income, social status,race/ethnicity, religion/spirituality, sexual orientation, background or otheraspect of cultural identity” (Pankh, 2015). Therefore, Music therapy isa great, inexpensive way to treat patients with mental health illness primaryor secondary to any health problems because everyone loves music in any shape orform. From playing music with instruments to listening to a prerecorded song ontheir iPod or on social network as YouTube. Music is great tool to use when gettingany type of treatment and a great way to release stress and improve an individual’semotions. Music therapy allows for the patient to develop new coping skills toimprove their emotional health and develop a positive outcome that will help themwith their treatments, promote wellness and improve their quality of life.