Naomi- Elizabethan clothing and fashion was different depending on whether they were a member of the Nobility, Upper Class, or one of the poor. The clothing worn during this time was greatly influenced by geometrical shape, rather than shape of body like in the 21st century.Sumptuary Rules and Restrictions Bella- Sumptuary laws give strict garment rules with a specific end goal to confine the consumption by individuals on garments. The penalties for violating Sumptuary Laws were harsh; fines, lose of property, title or even death. Only royalty was permitted to wear dresses trimmed with ermine, bring down class were permitted to wear dresses trimmed with fox or otter.Nobles and upper class wore a variety of expensive materials for clothing such as velvets, satin, furs, silk, lace, cottons, and taffeta. MaterialsBella-Elizabethan clothing was very detailed, the dress was brightened with overwhelming weaving and improved with gems, spangles, and pearls. Since most clothing was very elaborate with many layers for the Upper Class, servent assistance was required. Upper Class clothing/costumes were very tight, uncomfortable and hot. Naomi- Cushioning and stitching together whalebone or buckram for solidifying intentions were utilized to pick up the geometric impact with accentuation on the shoulders and hips. This design was likewise to give the impression of a small midriff for the two men and ladies.SmockBella- The smock is the first component of the outfit a woman puts on, also known as the shift. A few coveralls are sliced near the body with a low, square neck and snug, ungathered sleeves. Others have puffy sleeves accumulated to sleeves and a body assembled to a snug necklace.Naomi-This layer was worn by women of all classes.Parlet Bella- The parlet is a rectangular fill in for the open neck bodice. If a smock with a low square neck is worn, a parlet must be worn over it.Separate Sleeves Bella- Sleeves were made separately from the gown and they were tied or pinned onto the gown. There are narrow sleeves, loose sleeves, panned sleeves, trunk sleeves, spanish sleeves and hanging sleevesNaomi- Pins were an essential part of Elizabethan fashion and used in great quantities on ruffsRuffsBella- Starched, pleated ruffs which developed from drawstring gathered neckline of a male shirt. This is a dominate detail of male and female costumes. What originally was a small lace ruffled around the throat, eventually turned into a large pleated wheel of lace. In 1565, the add on of starch to the ruff created the opportunity to increase the size and height. By 1580, the pleated ruffs were so large that a wire frame or framework was needed to support it. A standout components of Elizabethan mold is the large piece put on the neckline called a ruff. Ruffs were made of fine muslin or ribbon, or muslin trimmed with bind and frequently combined with coordinating sleeves at the wrist. Naomi- Ruffs were worn by both sexes, by old and young, courtiers and working people. The collar that women wore around their neck was meant to cover their chest. It imprisoned their chest. Some women died due to the tightness an the metal wooden splints around their neck. Male JacketsBella- Men wore 4 types of short jackets: the doublet, the jerkin, the vest and the peascod jacket. All of the jackets, except for the jerkin, were made of two layers of fabric and an interlining of padding or stuffsBeardsBella- Beards could be cut in various styles such as the pointed ‘Van-Dyke’ style, square, round, or oblong. To keep the beards in place, starch was used. Just like the hair of women, beards were also kept long and required minimal help from the barber.Male HairBella- Beards were highly fashionable for men. The fashion started out with short hair, but eventually it was longer. The Elizabethan hairstyles for men were just as important as they were for women. Extensive time was spent grooming the hair, especially when it was for a special event. Naomi- Long hair was required to be curly and men achieved this look by using hot irons. Wax or gum was applied to the hair to keep it in place. HairBella- Elizabethan hair styles were designed to present one’s status. Ruffs and ruffles were very popular thus why it was assembled on gauze wings which were placed at the back of the head. Frizzy hairstyles were a requirement for women. Although long hair was favoured, a woman’s head would be covered by a head covering for the most part. Since the front and sides of the hair obtained most attention, it was the area which the hairstyle would have a lot of emphasis. Naomi- Women kept their hair very long because long hair signifies purity and chastity. It was also the most preferential one for a bride on her wedding day. Once a woman was married, her hair was swept back. Loose hair was a sign that women were not married. A woman’s hairstyle would be in the bun form so a head covering could be pinned. Wigs were utilized widely by Elizabethan ladies to accomplish the light hair which was not presented to them normally.Cosmetics Bella- It was vital for Queen Elizabeth to preserve her image and beauty of a ‘Virgin Queen’. The typical ideal of beauty was a woman with a snow white complexion complimented with crimson red cheeks and lips. The white powder was composed of white lead and vinegar. This mixture was poisonous. Mercury was also a main component in the powder. Naomi- Women went through great lengths to hide any signs of ageing or blemishes by dousing their skin with heavy white powder. The women thought that mercury treated acne, when in fact, it only corroded the flesh. FootwearBella- Womens shoes were soft, ankle strap slippers with puffed and slashed round toes. Men shoes consisted of the broad-toed ankle strap slippers, also known as duck bills. Naomi- Due to women footwear never being see or as important to the total silhouette as mens, female footwear never reached outlandish proportions.Ben- Queen Elizabeth had an immense contribution in influencing fashion. She was poor and couldn’t afford to buy her own clothing but she loved new, stunning gowns. Queen Elizabeth was desperate for clothing that she worked hard and pleaded for the King to send her a gift because she refused to be seen in rags. Furthermore, when she, died it added fuel to the fire and influenced her to use her fashion abilities for her future in politics. One of the main reasons why she benefitted in influencing fashion was her capability to use any scenario for her political dominance. As a result, her wardrobe is designed to impress people and to be adequate for her position as queen. She was very wealthy so she used her fashion to display richness and power. Not only was her clothing expensive, it was often sold for a fair price. When a gown or item of clothing was made, it was usually changed to suit the the new trends and tastes. For example, on some of the gowns, sleeves were replaced with other sleeves, panels were added that came from skirts, trim and embroidery were recycled from one gown to another. Luckily, she didn’t have to pay for the expenses of her wardrobe by herself, people brought her clothing as a New Year’s present to be on her side. On the other hand, she didn’t only make her wardrobe with her ideas, she was influenced by fashion from all around the world which had a huge impact towards english fashion. For instance, spanish styles made its way into England at a fast rate and was incorporated into gowns. The evolution of fashion in the Elizabethan Era was mainly because of my mother. She had a powerful influence over England by altering styles than any other monarch before or now. As a influential human being and an anointed monarch, she became an icon to many individuals. Ultimately, Queen Elizabeth was the dominant as to why our fashion is beautiful and popular today.
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