p.p1 was all-knowing he should have knowledge of what

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One of the most persistent challenges to God’s existence in the philosophy of religion through a theistic point of view, is the logical problem of evil. Many theists believe in an omniscient, omnipotent, and benevolent God, this however poses a problem and an argument for atheists due to a contradiction. The problem of evil is this, why would an all-knowing, all-powerful, and benevolent God allow evil? For if God was all-knowing he should have knowledge of what evil is going on in the world maybe even before it happens, if he was all-powerful there wouldn’t be anything hindering from stopping the evil, and if God was all-good, he would seek to destroy evil and stop it completely. God however, does not stop it and evil persists. Atheists argue the only way to this problem is simply by removing the idea of God and some theists argue that God actually does not have some attributes. For example if he wasn’t all-powerful then that would explain why he isn’t able to stop evil, or if he wasn’t all-good and just allowed evil to persist. Many theists however are committed to God’s omni-attributes and thus has to find a way to answer and resolve the logical problem of evil. This is called a theodicy, a theodicy is “an attempt to show that the existence of evil doesn’t rule out the possibility of God’s existence.” The 20th century English philosopher of religion John Hick, offered what’s known as the soul-making theodicy where Hick introduces his own solution to the logical problem of evil. Hick presents a theodicy that follows Ireneus a bishop. Unlike the traditional view that God created a perfect world, Hick argues that God deliberately created us “unfinished”. His theodicy is that of progress in the human beings, for the goal of God is to create perfect beings who are in a relationship with him. God has made spiritually and morally imperfect people that through the evils and misery of this world will eventually become his perfect finite “children of God”. Hick states, “the harshness of life, gives us a robust texture and character that wouldn’t be possible without an imperfect world…we’re not just God’s little pets and he’s not our benevolent owner whose sole job is to keep us in a safe, comfortable environment.” Instead, God’s goal was to build us and train us to become a perfect being which is the reason for the sort of environment we’re in. We need an environment that’s suited to the sort of growth that God wants.

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