Parkinson’sdisease is a neurodegenerative disorder, leading to continuous degeneration ofmotor functions of the patients due to death of dopamine-producing brain cells.In early stages of this disease, the most common symptoms are rigidity, shaking,gradual slowness and difficulty with locomotion. Thinking problems andbehavioral changes can also be noticed in the patients. Dementia is commonamong the patients in advanced stages of the disease. Statistically, anxietyand depression are the common traits observed in more than one third of thepatients suffering from PD.
More symptoms include emotional, sensory and sleep problems.The main motor symptoms are collectively called “parkinsonism”, or a”parkinsonian syndrome”. Patients’ voice tends to stutter andprogressively becomes affected as the disease becomes more severe.The motor symptoms of the disease are a consequence of death of cells in substantianigra, a region present in the midbrain. Due to this, there arises the shortage ofdopamine in these areas. Although the cause for this cell death cannot beproperly understood, it involves the build-up of proteins into Lewy bodies presentin the neurons.There is no cure for this disease, however treatment is directed towardsimproving symptoms. Treatment usually starts with the antiparkinson medicationlevodopa (L-DOPA).
As the disease advances and neurons continue to be lost, themedications lose their effectiveness. Moreover, they tend to produce acomplication caused by involuntary twitching movements. However, some forms ofrehabilitation and diet plans have been noticed to improve the symptoms. Placingmicroelectrodes through surgery for deep brain stimulation is now used to lessenthe symptoms complying with motor abilities in cases where drugs prove to beineffective.The organisation of our paper is as follows: First, we explain the objective ofour research followed by discussing the related previous works in this field.Then, we describe our proposed methodology and the experimentation work.Finally, we conclude with accuracy and data analysis results and future scopeof our research which could further better the output.