Polis: a city-state in GreekAcropolis: a market place, fortified hilltop or agoraMonarchy: when a single person rules the country and or land, the head ruler of the government. Aristocracy: is government ruled by a small group of landowning families that come up and enforce the rules. Oligarchy: a government that is ruled by a small group of powerful people.
Tyrant: the rulers were called. Democracy: ruled by the people Helot: peasants that are forced to stay and work on the land. Phalanx: became the most powerful fighting force in the ancient world. Persian War: a war fought between Greece and the Persian Empire.
2. The most important event was the victory in Persian Wars. The Persians Wars eliminated their greatest enemy they had, and gave them their greatest military victories. The war encouraged the city-states to also unite and form the Delian league. 3. An aristocracy is the rule of noble families. This is usually determined by social position, their wealth, power, and military might.
4. Solon contributed to Athenian democracy by outlawing slavery and proposing that all citizens could bring charges against one another and participate in the assembly, and have freedom. Cleisthenes allowed all citizens to submit and debate, the power of the nobility, and established the council of five hundred.
This was a major freedom that people were allowed. 5. Athens benefited from its victory in the Persian Wars becoming even more powerful and acquiring an empire through its wartime Delian League.6. Athens was a more democratic state, while Sparta was more of military state. The region of Athens was pretty fair with some slaves and tyrants who tried to make a better place for their people in the city-state. In Sparta, they conquered neighboring states and forced people to become peasants. The Spartans were pretty cruel, while Athens was kind to their community.
Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people who lived in the city. They both had a form of democracy and cared for its people in one way or the other, but some did so a little more than others. 7. The ability to own weapons and participate in battle was considered important for citizens. Most likely made normal citizens feel stronger and think that they were equal to the nobility and other upper classes. 8. The Spartan soldiers were willing to sacrifice themselves at Thermopylae because of their intense lifelong training to not surrender and fight to the end, along with their desire to buy enough time for their allies to escape.